1st Peer: Anorexia Nervosa (AN)
I found the explanation of the findings clear, understandable, and well organized. Concerning content, the presentation is comprehensive and covers vital points about AN, including its causes, risk factors, signs, and symptoms. AN’s pathophysiology, including the biologic and psychosocial processes involved, is clearly stated, giving the audience a clear picture of the condition. In practice, clinical evaluation of eating disorders requires objective data obtained using validated instruments that assess the core domains of the condition (Surgenor & Maquire, 2013). The poster gives three such assessment tools – EAT-26, CHEAT, and ABOS. While these screening measures are critical in measuring AN psychopathology, including the DSM-V diagnostic criteria for this disorder could improve the explanation further.
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The use of statistics helped enforce the significant points in the presentation. In particular, data on AN prevalence (0.4%) and evidence-based treatment and hospitalization guidelines can inform care planning and intervention. Using graphs could be a better way to summarize these data. The therapeutic options – psychotherapy, pharmacological agents, and combination therapy – are explored in great depth. The criteria for hospitalization of AN patients for inpatient treatment are a vital inclusion. They highlight the need for psychiatrists to work with internists and nutritionists to recognize and treat AN (Watson & Bulik, 2013). The major complication of AN treatment identified, i.e., refeeding syndrome, has implications for patient management and follow-up.
Concerning the format, the design of the poster is good and the words are readable. It also readily attracts the audience’s attention. The colors and contrasts enhance the readability of the content and stress the key points, such as AN indicators, risk factors, and treatment. The graphics enhance the poster’s visual appeal. Including more pictures could improve the presentation even further by making it concise and less wordy.
2nd Peer: LGBTQ Suicide Awareness
The poster gives an excellent explanation of the LGBTQ suicide issue in a simple and clear manner that is appropriate for experts and lay audience. It includes a concise, informative title and its content is not too technical or theoretical. Thus, one can easily grasp the key message.
Organizing the content around three LGBTQ issues – prevalence, causes, and prevention – made the poster more focused. A viewer can immediately see how risk factors such as stress, mental illness, lack of support, and victimization account for high LGBTQ suicide prevalence among the youth. The specific preventive measures given in the poster address these causes. Interventions for reducing suicide risk in the LGBTQ population are lacking, hence, an unmet need (Marshall, 2016). The three pillars of the prevention framework, i.e., advocate, educate, and support – give a concise take-home message to viewers. The design and contrasting colors emphasize these points.
Overall, the content is brief. The section on the LGBTQ youth suicide by the numbers is an excellent way to communicate numeric patterns. It quickly reveals the severity of the problem, including suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt in this population. Specifically, the comparative levels of these outcomes highlight the need for interventions. According to Figueiredo and Abreu (2015), elevated suicide rates in this group is due to social stigma and prejudice.
Some of the evidence-based interventions presented in the poster, such as community education, promoting discussions on suicide, and creating inclusive and safe spaces for LGBTQ youth, address these issues. The design considerations for improving this poster include using contrasting shades to stress the main points in the text bullets and separating the content into vertical sections.
Figueiredo, A. R., & Abreu, T. (2015). Suicide among LGBT individuals. European Psychiatry, 30(1), 28-31. Web.
Marshall, A. (2016). Suicide prevention interventions for sexual and gender minority youth: An unmet need. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 89(2), 205-213. Web.
Surgenor, L., & Maquire, S. (2013). Assessment of anorexia nervosa: An overview of universal issues and contextual challenges. Journal of Eating Disorders, 1(29), 1-15. Web.
Watson, H. J., & Bulik, C. M. (2013). Update on the treatment of anorexia nervosa: Review of clinical trials, practice guidelines and emerging interventions. Psychological Medicine, 43(12), 2477-24500. Web.