Today, humanity faces a serious problem related to the sphere of energy consumption and the environment. The growing demands of society precondition a need for the more effective work of electricity power plants to guarantee a high quality of life. At the same time, the increased number of these facilities results in substantial harm done to the environment because of CO2 emission and global warming associated with coal burned to produce energy, pollution, and a limited amount of exhaustible resources. Under these conditions, the introduction of new technology such as biomass gasification for power generation can be considered an appropriate option to change the trajectory of the earth’s energy consumption and improve the state of the environment.
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At the moment, this technology remains in the nascent stage; however, there are already projects that presuppose its utilization and further development to generate power. The main idea of this method is that any solid biomass can be converted into clean combustible gas as the result of a thermo-chemical reaction with the stages of drying, pyrolysis, and gasification. The resulting product, or syngas, can be further burned at high temperatures to get the high-pressure steam needed to turn the turbine and produce electricity. In such a way, biomass gasification becomes a promising option that can be used to replace the use of environmentally unfriendly coal and guarantee the constant income of renewable sources of energy.
Another advantage of the technology is that it can be easily integrated into contemporary society. The fact is that the biomass demanded converting is the main waste product of communities. The existing consumer behaviors precondition the emergence of garbage that constitutes a significant problem for the environment because of the lack of a place for its storing, numerous pollutants, and the absence of effective recycling systems. For this reason, the introduction of biomass gasification technology will provide multiple options for society to solve its nagging problems.
Today, all countries across the globe produce an enormous amount of wastes that is now not used and poses a threat to the environment. Using it regarding the described technology, the clean power generation will be aligned. Moreover, humanity will acquire a renewable source of energy as people’s existence is always associated with the production of biomass that can be used to solve the problem of energy supply. Another advantage of waste gasification is that the situation with global warming and air pollution can be improved because of the opportunity to replace coal with more environmentally friendly syngas that will be used at power stations to turn turbines and generate electricity.
Altogether, the technology presupposing converting biomass into gas and its further use for power generation can be taken as an approach that will alter the energy consumption patterns in the future and solve a number of environmental problems. Regardless of the fact that its development is at the nascent stage, there are still many options to integrate it with the functioning of the society in the next five years and attain success.