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Childhood Pedestrian Injuries and Deaths Essay

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Updated: May 11th, 2022

Introduction

Table 1: ANOVA
The rates of childhood pedestrian injuries and deaths pose a public health problem in Oakland
Sum of Squares df Mean Square F Sig.
Between Groups 3.167 3 1.056 6.621 .001
Within Groups 7.333 46 .159
Total 10.500 49

One-way ANOVA was performed to determine the effect of childhood pedestrian deaths and injuries as observed in Oakland, California. Responses were put into two categories (Pallant, 2005) with regard to causes of public health concern. There was a statistically significant difference at the p<.05 level in scores for the public health concern [F (3, 46) =6.621, p=.001]. Therefore, we accept the research hypothesis that the public health sector at Oakland is challenged by the problem of an increasing number of childhood pedestrian deaths and injuries, which calls for emergent public health measures.

Discussions

This study shows that increasing cases of childhood pedestrian deaths and injuries are major sources of concern for the public health sector in Oakland, California. This result supports findings in a study by Ewing (2009), who showed that childhood pedestrian injuries and deaths remained a matter of public health concern.

In the study, most respondents considered childhood pedestrian deaths and injuries as issues of public health concerns because of their devastating effects as shown in the below table (table 2). However, few (20 percent of the respondents) respondents viewed childhood pedestrian injuries and deaths as issues under control in their neighborhoods.

Table 2

Reason why you believe the rates of childhood injuries and deaths pose a public health problem
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Effects like fractured bones, traumatic brain injuries, spinal cord, paraplegia, quadriplegia, and coma 40 80.0 80.0 80.0
It is under control in our neighborhood 10 20.0 20.0 100.0
Total 50 100.0 100.0

The respondents suggested several approaches of reducing the increasing cases of childhood injuries and deaths in highways and roads of Oakland, California (see table 3). There is a need to pay attention to actions of drivers such as speeding and negligence (Baker, Robertson & O’Neill, 2000).

Table 3

Information needed to reduce the increasing cases of childhood injuries and deaths in highways and roads of Oakland
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Effects of speeding 25 50.0 50.0 50.0
Public education 15 30.0 30.0 80.0
Consequences of negligence 5 10.0 10.0 90.0
Data on injuries and deaths 5 10.0 10.0 100.0
Total 50 100.0 100.0

Respondents also proposed several initiatives to provide the public health sector with solutions to curb the problem of childhood pedestrian injuries and deaths (table 4). They believed that road safety research, design, improvements, and children’s road education have significant and long-term impacts on addressing injuries and carnage from childhood pedestrians. This study supports findings of Wazana et al (2004), who proposed road improvements to curb the problem of childhood pedestrian injuries and deaths.

Table 4

Public health initiatives to provide public health sector with solutions to curb the problem of childhood pedestrian injuries and deaths
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Valid Children’s traffic education 15 30.0 30.0 30.0
Road safety research 20 40.0 40.0 70.0
Health perspectives/concerns 10 20.0 20.0 90.0
Road design, improvements, controls, and countermeasures 5 10.0 10.0 100.0
Total 50 100.0 100.0

Conclusion

The research highlights that childhood pedestrian deaths and injuries are on the increase in Oakland, California. As a result, they have become issues of public health concerns. The study met its aim of searching for solutions to childhood pedestrian injuries and deaths.

References

Baker, S. P., Robertson, L. S., & O’Neill, B. (2000). Fatal pedestrian collisions: driver negligence. Am J Public Health, 64, 318–25.

Ewing, R. (2009). Traffic Calming: State of the Practice. Washington, DC: Institute of Transportation Engineers.

Pallant, J. (2005). SPSS Survival Manual. Sydney: Ligare.

Wazana, A., Krueger, p., Raina, P., and Chambers, L. (2004). A review of risk factors for child pedestrian injuries: are they modifiable? Inj Prev., 3(4), 295-304.

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