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The challenges and opportunities in the 21st Century have escalated the need for a robust partnership for the Eurasian countries. The states have recognized the significance of strengthening ties between them to enhance their chances of confronting the challenges the face. The partnership can provide Eurasia with the strength to confront issues of terrorism, self-rule, and spiritual intolerances. The strategic plan of a united Eurasia is to enhance regional protection and stability, assist economic expansion, and work towards attaining regional incorporation. The partnership would enable nations preserve their general and cultural distinctiveness. Furthermore, the region will benefit from increased peace and stability, which will provide an enabling environment for expanding the financial system (Hunter, 2004). However, China and Russia are thought to be the states that are more important to the future peace and stability of the region. This paper argues that China is the state that will ultimately take leadership of the region towards creating a peaceful and stable Eurasia.
Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
China is crucial for the future peace and stability of Eurasia in many ways. First, the country provided leadership in the establishment of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The cooperation comprises of “China, Russia, Kazakhtan, Kyrgyztan, Tajikistan, and Ubezkistan” (Bedeski and Swanstrom, 2012). The group has collaborated with other neighboring states to enhance stability in the region. The SCO members identify with it as the “Shanghai Spirit” (Bedeski and Swanstrom, 2012). Reciprocated trust, impartiality, consultation, respect for cultural distinctiveness and the aspiration for joint growth forms the foundation of SCO.
In the last few decades, China has experienced rapid economic expansion that Russia. There is a lot of interest in the present China and many other countries are seeking to strengthen ties with the nation. The country has all the possibilities of attaining world financial super power status (Zhu, 2010). Since the implementation of robust policy reforms in the country, China’s economy has expanded than was anticipated. The recent economic crisis shattered several nations but China remained unaffected. The economic stability China experiences presently make the country a crucial player in the creation of peaceful and stable Eurasia. It is notable that Russia has not enjoyed the level of economic growth much as China (Zhu, 2010). Furthermore, it is clear that countries with massive economic abilities automatically dominate the world of leadership, autonomy, and the capacity to influence other nations.
Russia faces considerable challenges that derail its strategic focus to economic expansion (Bedeski and Swanstrom, 2012). There are concerns that Russia has more inclination to Europe and may even in future join the European Union. Furthermore, the country faces issues of out migration and slow economic growth, which in turn appears to advantage to China. This is because her population is more on the European side (Zhu, 2010). While this is happening, there are concerns that China is strategically placing herself to take over some parts the Far-East regions.
In summary, a more united Eurasia is crucial for providing an impetus to tranquility, stability, and economic expansion in the region. The economic power China enjoys presently is also vital for her leadership in the region. China economic expansion together with her peaceful nature is critical for determining her importance in being the future leader in peace and stability in the Eurasian region. Internationally, other stronger nations are not taking China’s ability to be a big player in the promotion of global stability for granted.
Bedeski, R., and Swanstrom, N. (2012). Eurasia’s Ascent in Energy and Geopolitics: Rivalry or Partnership for China, Russia, and Central Asia. New York, NY: Routledge.
Hunter, S. (2004). Strategic developments in Eurasia after 11 September. New York, NY: Routledge.
Zhu, Z. (2010). China’s new diplomacy: Rationale, strategies and significance. Farnham: Ashgate.