China resurgence of the late sixth century occurred during the Sui and Tang dynasties. During the Sui dynasty, Yang Jian managed to establish a centralized rule in entire China. Like the Emperor, he imposed tight political conduct in China. Sui Emperors imposed tremendous demands on those people they governed. For instance, they ordered the Chinese peasants to build palaces, defense walls as well as granaries for them. In addition, they dispatched military forces to Central Asia and Korea. Moreover, they levied high taxes and compulsory labor on those people they ruled.
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Nevertheless, the Sui Emperors were honored because of organizing the construction of the Grand Canal, which was constructed during the reign of Sui Yandi. The construction of the Grand Canal greatly helped to facilitate trade between the northern and southern regions of China. The only effective transport that existed between northern and southern China by then was water transport. Consecutively, the construction of the Grand Canal greatly boosted the integration of the economies of northern and southern China. The Canal helped in the foundation of China’s state, which was united economically as well as culturally. Although the construction of the Grand Canal was very expensive and partly entailed the use of forced labor, its construction was of great importance to the economy of China.
The end of the Sui dynasty occurred in 618 after the death of Sui Yandi. The Sui dynasty was succeeded by the Tang dynasty, which was founded by Chang’an Emperor, who declared himself as the new ruler of China following the death of Sui Yandi. The Tang dynasty ruled China for approximately 300 years. The Tang rule was marked by powerful political rule as well as a productive and prosperous Chinese society. The most effective of all the Tang Emperors was Tang Taizong, who was considered as being ruthless and ambitious. Nevertheless, he ruled China with a passion for assisting those he was serving. He built a magnificent city at Chang’an, which was named after the founder of the Tang dynasty.
He managed to cut down the high taxes that were levied on Chinese peasants. Similarly, he managed to maintain the prices of rice low in order to be affordable by everyone. The Tang dynasty success was partly associated with the existence of good infrastructure. The Grand Canal was very effective in facilitating communication in China; in addition, the Tang Emperors constructed road networks that greatly boosted communication in China.
Moreover, the Tang Emperors built posts offices and Inns along the roads to make travelers comfortable. To ensure the unbiased distribution of resources all over China, Tang Emperors ensured a fair distribution of land to all. Unbiased land allocation helped to avoid instances where the property in China was concentrated to a chosen few. The Tang Emperor introduced the Confucian education system that greatly assisted to enlighten the Chinese community. Thus, government positions stopped being awarded through inheritance, but on merits. This helped the Tang dynasty to establish a very effective political administration that subsequently resulted in a strong Tang dynasty.
The Sui and Tang dynasties were marked by an amplified economic growth that greatly stimulated trade as well as production in the entire Eastern Hemisphere for more than 500 years. The growth was marked by a surge in agriculture production that was as a result of Chinese adaption of new strains of rice that ripened faster than the indigenous ones. Consecutively, the Chinese farmers were then able to harvest two to three times per annum, instead of once as there before. The agriculture production in China also increased due to the introduction of better farming methods that involved the use of more advanced techniques of farming that included the use of iron plow that was drawn by oxen. The use of new technology helped to transform Chinese farming from household farming to commercial farming.