Causes and Consequences of the Civil War (1861-1865).
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7th Grade/History/ Regular.
Topic: To review previous lessons and link up these lessons with the current lesson.
I will randomly select students to explain what they have gained during the previous lessons. This is meant to help me as a teacher to determine whether students are aware of the facts that come before any war, either short-term or long-term conflict, or both types of conflict must prevail, and also understand that war is associated with detrimental consequences.
Students should a Pre and Post-test Assessment
I will introduce the questions after giving the following short statement, “Having heard some of the causes and consequences of the war, you are required to answer some short questions to determine your current level of knowledge.” The questions given will include (sample of pre and post-assessment test):
- Define war____________________
- Explain three causes of war
- State four consequences of war
- Highlighting the period, describe a historic war event of your choice.
- What are some of the measures that can be taken to prevent the occurrence of war?
The same questions will be used for post-assessment but will be specific to the Civil War. The students are likely to score less than 70%.
Pre Assessment Data
|Below average||less than 50%|
|Above average||more than 70%|
Sunshine State Standards and Learning Outcomes
To understand and explain the chronological sequence of the Civil war from the beginning to the end, and define its causes and consequences.
MH.7H.1.1. Refining the chronology of the Civil War
MH.7H.1.2. Extending and refining the cultures of the conflicting parties
MH.7H.1.3. Extending and refining the influence of open boundaries on the Civil War
Students will learn
- The chronological events of the Civil War
- The causes of the Civil War
- The consequences of the Civil War
- The aftermath of the civil war
Topic Outline with Teacher Activities and Questioning
The lesson is intended to promote audio, visual, and kinesthetic learning. The lesson will begin with an audio-video film describing the Civil War. Later on, the teacher will augment the film by giving a brief lecture of 10 minutes. The major part of the class will involve cooperative learning (kinesthetic learning) where students will be randomly divided into groups.
Activity 1: Film (5 minutes)
Students will watch a film that gives a summary of the Civil War and will be asked to re-tell this film in their own words in their notebooks.
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Activity 2: Lecture
I will refine the film so that students understand it better. I will advise them to read the books: Mark Johnson, That body of brave men: the U.S. regular infantry and the Civil War in the West (2003), Howard Jones, Abraham Lincoln and a New Birth of Freedom: The Union and Slavery in the Diplomacy of the Civil War (1999), and The American Civil War (2002) edited by Thomas E. Griess, as well as extensive online literature to delineate information and enhance learning.
Activity 3: Group-work (10 minutes)
Papers written in numerical numbers from 1 to 5 will be used to place students into their respective groups. Each group will be given a question to answer and a representative will be selected to present the group’s work in two minutes of speech.
Activity 4: Vocabulary review
Terms such as the Civil War, Confederate, Republicans, the Democrats, and the Republicans will be reviewed. Word organizers will be used to help students learn as many words as possible.
Q. What are some of the measures that can be used to prevent war?
Q. Do you think that the Civil War would have been avoided? Why/ Why not?
Q. Was there an end to the Civil War?
Q. Mention different types of war that you know?
Q. How did these wars come about?
Q. What are some of the wars we are experiencing in the current world?
Q. Describe the events during the Civil War?
Q. What were the causes and consequences of the Civil War?
Notebooks will also be used to evaluate students in terms of their ability to analyze and synthesis content.
Evaluation and Pre and Post-Test Assessment
The questions given at the beginning of the lesson will be used towards the end of the lesson to evaluate the knowledge gained. However, the questions will be as specific as, define the Civil War______________. I presume that after the lesson, each student will get at least 80%. Notebooks will be used to evaluate an individual’s level of understanding.
|Below average||less than 50%|
|Above average||more than 80%|
Student Participation—Guided Practice
Each group will be given a question to discuss, and later present it to others. Meanwhile, each group member will write down in their notebooks what their group has discussed.
Student Participation—Independent Practice
Students will work independently during pre and post-assessment. They will be required to answer five short questions to evaluate the level of their knowledge at the beginning of the lesson, and knowledge gained at the end of the lesson.
Students with Special Needs
Students who are not native English speakers will be assisted to enhance understanding by the use of simple language and review of vocabulary.
I will end the lesson by giving the students feedback on their group-work activity. Besides, I will collect the notebooks and inform the students of what the next lesson will be about.