How does the United States Constitution impact the development of criminal justice policy?
The US Constitution directly influences the development of criminal justice policy because criminal justice procedures are based on the provisions of the US Constitution. As a result, criminal justice policy develops to address the requirements and principles mentioned in the US Constitution. The basics of criminal justice policy reflect the laws and rights stated in the main federal document. Being the major source of law, the US Constitution also provides the scheme for the organization of the government institutions and the criminal justice system (Kania, 2008, p. 84). The US Constitution is closely associated with law enforcement in the country, and its impact on the development of criminal justice policy is obvious.
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How does the role of the federal government (in criminal justice policy development) differ from that of state government?
The role of the federal government in developing criminal justice policy depends on enforcing law according to the federal standards. There is a range of laws and principles which are followed and addressed in all the states. The federal government is responsible for regulating cases that are associated with these norms and laws. On the contrary, the impact of the state government on the development of criminal justice policy is more concrete because the state government develops and affirms norms, standards, and laws that should be followed in a certain state (Kania, 2008, p. 154). The state government is responsible for developing programs and policies which directly affect the criminal justice policy in the state.
What changes would you recommend that would improve the overall process of criminal justice policy development and implementation?
The legislatively based policy differs from the administrative regulatory policy in the fact that legislatively based policies are usually promoted by legislators to change the current approach to the certain law when administrative regulatory policies are more connected with prosecution strategies and agencies’ responsibilities for coping with cases (Kania, 2008, p. 96). The impact of these types of policies on the criminal justice system is different. To improve the overall process of criminal justice policy development, it is possible to focus on providing more rights to the public representatives while discussing legislatively based policies and on restructuring the agencies to guarantee the effective realization of administrative regulatory policies.
What does it mean to define policy analysis as a process of inquiry, as distinguished from a method of problem-solving?
Policy analysts should approach the problem in progress while developing a kind of research. It is important to investigate and analyze a lot of solutions before selecting the most appropriate approach to solve the problem. As a result, policy analysis is a complex process in contrast to the use of a concrete method of problem-solving (Dunn, 2004, p. 110). Policy analysts should conduct the full research before choosing the strategy to follow, and the focus on a method of problem-solving is only the final part of this process although there is a complex methodology related to variants of coping with policy issues.
How can the study of policy argumentation assist analysts to become critical thinkers?
Policy analysts can become critical thinkers if they are focused on studying the aspects and ideas of the policy argumentation as the specific approach because this process leads to debates, to the complete analysis of the situation and methods to cope with the problem, and to the choice of the most effective variant to address the identified problem (Dunn, 2004, p. 112). Policy analysts can concentrate on the critical synthesis of the problem aspects and make the process of analyzing the situation and finding solutions more dynamic and effective. The study of policy argumentation opens new horizons for policy analysts as critical thinkers and actors.
Dunn, W. N. (2004). Public policy analysis: An introduction. Newark, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Kania, R. E. (2008). Managing criminal justice organizations: An introduction. Newark, NJ: Lexis Nexis Matthew Bender.