Current Energy Consumption
An Overview of Energy Consumption in Utah
Even as the charges for power consumption continue to increase, energy consumption in the Emery County of the State of Utah continues to grow each successive year due to the major development changes and population growth (Matsumor 2008). The rate of energy consumption is considerably high in the State of Utah, with the geological surveys indicating that the region is position thirty-ninth among the American States in issues of power consumption measured through per capita means, and fourteenth in terms of per capita carbon emission. In figures, the Emery County consumes approximately 302.1 million British thermal units (Btu).
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This figure is very close to the entire United State’s energy consumption that currently stands at 339.2 million Btu (Matsumor 2008). As a populated State, Utah consumes approximately 8.3 trillion British thermal units of the annually generated electricity (Matsumor 2008). This figure makes Utah rank 37th highest user of the electric power in America. This is because the State itself uses approximately 258.8 trillion British thermal units.
According to the approximated figures from the geological reports, Utah consumes annual coal energy of about 405.5 trillion British thermal units. Such figures make Utah rank 22nd highest American State in issues concerning the consumption of coal energy (Matsumor 2008).
Natural gas is also another important fuel consumed in the State of Utah. Since 2008, the geological survey figures reveal that Utah consumes approximately 7.92% of the available American natural gas fuel and another 0.10% of the petroleum power generated annually (Matsumor 2008). The rest is 1.92% of the hydroelectric power. The geothermal energy, the municipal gas energy, and the landfill form of gas power account for about 0.48% of the energy consumed on an annual basis (Matsumor 2008). Such figures reveal that the current state of energy consumption in Utah, and specifically the Emery County is considerably high when compared to the other American States.
Main Areas of Energy Consumption
The quality of life and the operations of major towns in the State of Utah and Emery County rely specifically on the energy generated and distributed by the power companies. However, power consumption in Utah State varies in different sectors (Matsumor 2008). The majority of energy consumers in the Utah State and Emery County come from the residential consumer sector. The 2014 geological reports indicated that there were approximately 886.169 units of the residential houses in these regions (Matsumor 2008).
The geological reports also indicated that there were about 108, 003 commercial consumers and about 9, 164 industrial consumers. Such figures reveal that residential buildings consume more power than commercial and industrial buildings (Matsumor, 2008). In terms of utility factor, the ranking of energy consumption seems uniformly distributed among the three areas of high power consumption. Commercial consumers use about 37% of energy, and the industrial consumers use 31.7%, while the residential sectors use about 31.2% of energy.
Energy Imported and Exported
Although the State of Utah and the Emery County rank as large consumers of energy, there are factors of importation and exportation in the energy supply and distribution systems. About 46.6% of the oil consumption in Utah is in the form of gasoline energy, while the rest is in the form of distillate fuels, the liquefied petroleum gases, and the jet fuel (Matsumor 2008). Utah is an importer of energy and an exporter of energy, although the county normally depends on the form of energy involved in such a trade. In fact, the combined efforts of trade and production of energy in Utah is normally greater than the levels of energy consumption (Matsumor 2008).
Utah’s oil production stands at 230 gallons, and about 20% of this energy remains exported to other American states and cities. In terms of Importation, Utah imports about 10% of electricity power, and does not import natural gas, petroleum, or biomass.
Per Capita Energy Consumption of Utah in Future
The future of energy consumption in Utah and Emery County largely relies on their energy production capabilities. There are limited statistical figures that can depict the amount of energy that Utah and Emery County may continue to demand, supply, or use. However, geological assessment reports continue to reveal that the energy consumption trends and behaviors may remain undeterred (Gleich 2011).
The demand for coal is gradually rising, given the increasing demand for electricity energy within the three sectors of energy consumption (Gleich 2011). American geological figures reveal that the demand for coal may rise to about 48% in the year 2030, while the global coal demand may rise to about 73%. In terms of Utah’s independent energy consumption, the demand for coal may rise to about 31% as the years of industrial growth and commercial development approach (Gleich 2011). Geological reports have indicated that Emery County will generally consume about 25% more electricity, 43.1% more coal energy, and about 28% more petroleum energy.
Oil Consumption Sectors
The residential sector is on rapid development, the commercial sector is gradually developing, while the industrial department is also growing at an unprecedented pace. In America, coal production is slowly matching the energy demands due to the improved energy production techniques, although the vast majority of the States and Counties are still relying on certain production areas (Gleich 2011).
Even as the United States remains aware of its energy consumption behaviors, there are still problems in the manner in which the production of energy is commencing in rich oil areas. In Utah, residential buildings may need about 47% more electrical power, over 65% more coal energy, and about 17% more petroleum energy in the coming years (Gleich 2011). The industrial department may need 28% more electrical power, 43% more coal energy, and 10% more petroleum power.
Importation and Exportation of Energy
While the United States continues to grapple with the issues of high oil consumption, the demand for coal is growing worldwide, even as the oil reserves continue to diminish (Gleich 2011). The Emery County may require more than 730, 000 gallons of oil, and about 200 trillion British thermal units of electricity power. The production of Coal in America is increasing, and its demand in the Utah State and Emery County is increasing (Gleich 2011). This means that Utah and Emery County will have to import more power than what they can afford to export to other places. In terms of electricity, the region will import about 15 million British thermal units each year (Gleich 2011). In terms of coal, the County and the State may import about 1300 gallons of coal fuel annually to meet the coal demand of its consumers. In terms of exports, the County and the State will only export about 20% of its annual energy production.
C. Gleich, “Utah’s Energy Issues and Implications for Public Policy,” Hckl., Hinckley Journal Of Politics, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 7-14. 2011.
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Utah’s Energy Use & Resources Powering Our Standard of Living. (2008). Matsumor. Web.