Experimenter effects refer to the efforts undertaken by the researcher to influence the outcome of research studies. Apart from the preconceived ideologies of the researcher, effects not properly controlled, and experimenter influence on the participants, there are numerous experimenter effects including the use of inappropriate methodology, biases of the researcher, selective sample selection inclined towards the views of the researcher (Macleod & Griffiths, 2008).
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Experimenter effects associated with inappropriate research methodologies can be controlled by ensuring that the research method and data collection approaches guarantee that the collected data will reflect both sides of the research. For instance, random selection is an effective approach to ensuring that there is objective research. The sampling approach that will be employed will be quota sampling and convenience sampling.
Quota sampling refers to a situation whereby the researcher chooses a proportion of the elements investigated during the study. The partition can be based on different categories, such as gender, age, lifestyle, and ethnicity (Burns & Grove, 2010). The researcher can then decide which categories to use in the proportion of the study elements depending on the ease of access. Also, researchers must ensure that the participants are not aware of the research aims, although they are supposed to be informed of the significance of the research. The research design methodology is determined by the structure of the research question and the context.
Social research aims at explaining the current state of affairs using predetermined variables. It is worth noting that social research significantly depends on probability, therefore, explaining why a given variable plays a significant role in determining the outcome. Therefore, this implies that social research must put more emphasis on the findings, coupled with a correlation to the available theoretical frameworks (Ruane, 2005).
Macleod, S., & Griffiths, M. (2008). Personal narratives and policy: never the twain. Journal of Philosophy of Education.
Burns , N., & Grove, S. (2010). Understanding nursing research. Building an evidence based practice. New York: Elsevier – Health Sciences Division.
Ruane, J. M. (2005). Essentials of Research methods: a guide to social science research. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.