The above is one of the thin film processes where Frank-van der Merwe (herein referred to as FM) has adatoms stacked on its interface. The end result of the process is the formation of complete layers with smooth surfaces. Two-dimensional structures of layers are formed. The formation is an indication that original films are created before the subsequent layers.1
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Frank-van der merwe process proceeds through three different phases. The three phases include volume – weber growth and Stransky-Kravtsov process. All the processes work together to realise specific processes in thin-film formations.2 Film formation has different structures, especially with reference to the dimensional structure. Frank-van der merwe process is realised in the formation of two-dimensional processes. The measurements of a film range from a monolayer to a few micrometres as far as thickness is concerned. The Frank-van der merwe process, as such, is the growth of mini-atoms to realise specific surfaces that are made of complete layers.3
Chen, G, Nanoscale energy transport and conversion, Oxford University Press, New York, 2005.
Kittel, C, Thermal physics, Freeman and Company, New York, 2012.
Sze, S, Physics of semiconductor devices, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2012.
- Chen, p. 53.
- Kittel, p. 51.
- Sze, p. 28.