In February2003, United States President George Bush declared war in Iraq, but cautioned that United States did not intend to determine the precise form of Iraq’s new government. Its intention is to ensure that another brutal dictator does not govern Iraqi people. He prompted that rebuilding Iraq will require sustainable commitment from other nations, including US (Bush 9). As victory defines the central front in any global war on terror, success is an essential component in war against ideology that breeds international terrorism. The policy highlights that victory in Iraq will not come in the form of an enemy’s surrender, or Battleship in Missouri and Appomattox, but it will be realized in stages. These stages included short-term and long-term strategies.
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Key Elements for Escalation in Iraq
President’s Bush escalation plan is quite similar to the previous ones undertaken. These plans had been tried in the earlier periods, and it tremendously failed.
- Increasing the number of American troops in Iraq. Over the past years, the US government had been increasing the number of troops to Iraq. For instance, in June-October 2006, there was the Operation Together Forward where the troops were given reinforcement in securing Baghdad. The aim of President George W. Bush was the removal of Iraq President Saddam Hussein from the presidential throne. This was to be achieved through the military action, and was justified by enhancing intelligence during the war.
- Handling off the various security responsibilities in Iraq before the end of November. This was to be achieved by training the Iraqi’s, with the help of the Iraqi authorities, in order to boost their own security. The security program was initiated in May 2004. The number of the Iraqi soldiers that were to be trained were about 260,000, and the American unit was the team selected to oversee its progress.
- Bush wanted Saddam Hussein to release weapons of Mass destruction. He knew that this will not be achieved with ease and retaliated to use of military force in order to induce the Iraq president to comply with the regulations. Bush was still contemplating the September 11, 2001 bombing when the Iraq-Al-Qaeda connection destroyed the United States Twin Towers.
- Empowering Iraqi Government and Maliki to find a solution to their Internal Political turmoil. President Bush stated that Iraqi Prime Minister, Maliki, should devise strategies in an attempt to control the worsening of the situation. As such, there is need for a long-term political solution to the current crisis by defeating the insurgency and quelling the ‘sect’ violence. In May 2005, President Bush, Blair, and Maliki issued a joint statement on the Iraqi authority’s responsibilities. They stated that the government needs to undertake presumptuous measures in order to control the crisis. However, the situation in Iraq continued to deteriorate.
- It was critical that the Bush policy was a based on a revenge basis. The view of the US presidential policy acknowledges that President Bush’s efforts of regime change commenced around two views. The first is that Saddam’s conspiracy to kill the elder Bush in April of 1993 lingered on the mind of the president for years (Woodward 202). The president even hinted publicly why he wanted to end the regime of Saddam Hussein Presidency in Iraq.
Bush highlighted that the war on terrorism was the defining challenge in which the current generation faced. He likened it with the struggle against fascism and communism in United States (Feaver 89). The US government committed itself wholly to the activities in enhancing this achievement. The US army will prevail in Iraq, as it will be able to achieve success on the war against terrorism.
Options given to Bush Administration
- Heighten regional and international diplomacy, including with Iran and Syria, and including the holding of a significant international conference in Baghdad.
- As part of an international approach, he should renew commitment to Arab-Israel peace. This was not a key feature of the President Bush’s plan, although he implemented the stepped up U.S. diplomacy led by Secretary of State Rice on the issue.
- Setting benchmarks for the Iraqi government to achieve political reconciliation, security, and governance. This includes possibly withholding some U.S. support if Iraq government refuses or fails to do so. The Bush administration at first opposed reducing support for the Iraqi government if it failed to uphold commitments, but President Bush later signed P.L. 110-28, which linked the U.S. economic aid to progress on the benchmark.
- Securing and expanding Iraq’s oil sector. The United States has consistently prodded Iraq to pass the pending oil laws, which would encourage foreign investment in Iraq’s energy sector. Ideally, increasing economic aid to Iraq and enlisting more international donations of assistance will enhance Iraqi’s citizens co-operation.
Question not asked by the policy
- What effects does the Iraq war have on the economic conditions of the US?
- What are the long-term effects of the War?
The issue of long-term effects for the US citizens was not, in any way, analyzed by the policy. Indeed, such consideration is necessary, as the economic superiority of the US would have been at sake. However, Bush achieved his objective of revenge, as Saddam Hussein was captured and executed on 30 December 2006. This marked a step towards the end of terrorism in the society.
Bush, George. “Address to the Nation on Iraq from Cincinnati, Ohio.” Public Papers of the President. 2002. Web.
Feaver, Peter. “The Right to Be Right: Civil-Military Relations and the Iraq Surge Decision.” International Security 35, no. 4 (2011): 87-125. Web.
Gordon, Michael. “A Prewar Slide Show Cast Iraq in Rosy Hues, ” The New York Times. 2007. Web.
GWOT Overall Strategy 2003 and 2006. National Strategies to Combat Terrorism. Web.
National Security Strategy of the United States, 2002. Web.
Woodward, Bob. The War Within: A Secret White House History, 2006-2008. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2008. Web.