“Causes and Consequences of Sports Concussion” by Edwards and Bodle
This article is a scholarly one. There are several reasons for making this statement. First of all, the authors are experts in the area of the given research, as there are author affiliations found on the first page of the paper. They include short biographies of authors, their credentials, and affiliations with influential research institutions, thus pointing to their expertise. That said, both authors are MDs. While Edwards is a professor at the Medical University of South Carolina, Bodle is a neurohospitalist at Carolinas Medical Center.
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Even though there is no abstract included, the format of the paper meets the requirements of scholarly articles because the paper is well organized, the language is clear and short, and no pictures, bright photos, or advertisements are included. When reading the article, it is evident that the authors have a professional background in the area of investigation as they include specific vocabulary and point to the practical applicability of the represented materials. Some examples of specialized terms are abrupt neuronal depolarization, ionic shifts, post-concussive syndrome, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, gross anatomic changes, etc.
In addition, all citations are accurately mentioned, and a reference list is included so that a reader might verify them or consult other sources of information for more details if necessary. The purpose of this article is to discuss the causes and consequences of concussions and to inform other scholars of the severity of the problem. Even though no original research was conducted, this paper is still a scholarly one because of the focused specialization of the authors and clinical applicability of the findings. Finally, it is published in a peer-reviewed journal (Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics), and that is one more argument for believing that it is a scholarly article.
“‘It Didn’t Cross My Mind That I Wouldn’t See Him Come Off That Field’ (Cover Story)” by Gregory
This article is a non-scholarly one. This statement can be justified by some evident arguments. First of all, there are no author’s credentials mentioned. A reader can find only a few details about the author: his name mentioned on the first page and his affiliation with Time magazine found from the context. Furthermore, the article includes numerous photos, such as the pictures of a football field, Chad’s jacket, his room, and a family portrait.
Even though there are some pictures explaining brain traumas and representing statistics of traumatic brain injuries, they cannot be considered scholarly materials. Also, there is no abstract or summary, and the writing style is non-academic. Instead, it is a narration of Chad Stover’s life and sports achievements. Moreover, the language is simple, and no specialized terms are mentioned. Instead, the focus is made on appealing to readers’ emotions.
The purpose of this article is to share the story of Chad Stover, who died because of a brain injury obtained during a game. It is written to draw attention to this problem and avoid similar incidents in the future by decreasing the rates of deaths caused by traumatic brain injuries. Another argument for calling it a non-scholarly article is a fact that even though there are some citations in the texts, no footnotes or bibliography are included. So if a reader wants to verify the information or find more details, they will have to conduct additional research and locate the mentioned sources themselves. Finally, because the article is published in Time magazine, it cannot be considered a scholarly one because it is a periodical, not a peer-reviewed journal.