Fieldwalking in Archaeology

Introduction Field walking can be defined as a technique for examining or studying archaeological sites by walking in a systematic way across a ploughed field collecting artifacts on the surface (Fasham, 1980). In most cases, it is practiced with the aim of locating or mapping the distribution and the extent of archaeological sites. It is […]

The Shapes, Forms, Use, and Functions of Stone “Lithic” Tools in the Paleolithic Age

Introduction Stone tools were used during the Paleolithic era by Homo habilis and Homo erectus. Stone was the main raw material, which was touched and refined to produce the desired product. Remains of stone tools provide archaeologists with clues on how human beings made objects using these tools. Some of the earliest discoveries include the […]

Gesher Benot Ya’aqov

Introduction The Gesher Bent Ya’aqov is an interesting archeological site located in Israel. The site was discovered in the 1930s. Excavation of the site revealed that the site had been occupied for thousands of years and there was usage of fire (McManamon 2011). The sediment layers at the site indicate that the occupants had used […]

Comparison of two archaeological papers on the Extinction of animals due to the activities of the human societies.

Introduction The relationship between man and the environment is something that has been in existence from the onset. It can be noted that human beings have always had a relationship with the environment in their quest to survive. In this respect, the relationship has either been constructive or destructive to the environment (Redman 1999: 13). […]

Comparison of Two Papers: Garfinkel, Alan P and Emery, Kitty F

Introduction In this paper what will be examined is the work of Garfinkel et al. (2010) and Emery (2007) in terms of their individual findings regarding the impact of intrusive human populations within particular environments and their subsequent contribution towards the depletion and at times extinction of certain animal species. The study of Emery (2007) […]

Prehistoric Barrows found in the Stonehenge Landscape

Location of Prehistoric Barrows The spectacular prehistoric barrows found within Stonehenge landscape remain important historical sites with a tangible archeological significance to the present world (Chippindale 1994, p.24). To visit the prehistoric site one has to take a train or a bus to easily get to the Stonehenge prehistoric site as seen in figure 1. […]

Teotihuacan: The Importance of the Site to the Archaeologists

Teotihuacan is a large archaeological site located in the Basin of Mexico, about 50 kilometers away from Mexico City. This archaeological site contains a number of attractive features including some of the largest pyramidal structures believed to have been constructed during the pre-Columbian Americas era (Middleton 2012, p. 260). Other features found in the site […]

Goldfields of Australia

Introduction Historically, past Australian developments emanated from the discovery of gold. However, many towns that contributed to this phenomenon are no longer recognizable. Faster developments were established in almost all states as more goldfields were established. The discovery of gold attracted thousands of miners from different places. The influx of miners into these places contributed […]

Why do we see so many depictions of wild animals in ancient Mediterranean?

Several animals were depicted in ancient Mediterranean. In Greece, Egypt, Cyprus, Crete and other kingdoms in Persia, animals were depicted for various purposes and meanings. Depictions were in different forms of art. Most documented information in Egypt, Greece, Crete and Cyprus shows that animals were depicted mainly as statues and figurines. Some are common to […]

The Significance of Ethnographic Observation

Ethnography proved to be a very important source for various data for archeological researches. Ethnographic observations may shed light on numerous “gaps” in the study of Prehistoric times. Data obtained during ethnographic surveys may also raise numerous questions and refute some commonly accepted theories which turn to be quite doubtful. Many remarkable ethnographic works contribute […]

Ice Mummies: The Siberian Ice Maiden’s Discovery Reveals Much about Archeology

NOVA’s documentary, Ice Mummies: The Siberian Ice Maiden allows the non-scientific public to share in an important and controversial find. The characteristics and location of the long-dead young woman may suggest just how complex the diffusion of culture and the movement of peoples in ancient times must have been. Because of the political restrictions placed […]

Clovis People Origin and Culture

Abstract The Clovis culture is an ancient Native American society which, according to archeological documentation of North America, initially emerged about 13,000 years ago, during the last part of ice age (kennely, 2005). The culture’s name originated from works of arts found around Clovis in New Mexico where the initial clues were found in 1932. […]

Cultural Innovations: An Archaeological Examination of Prehistoric Economics, Agriculture and Family Life

Introduction Shelter is considered one of the most basic human needs. As far back as can be archeologically traced, human beings and their predecessors have sought to improve the structures they inhabit. A mark of development in the human race can be indicated by the increased complexity in living structures over time (Price, 2010). The […]