Obama’s Health Care Reform and Utilitarian Theory

Introduction Ethics is one of the five branches of philosophy that deals with human character and how humans conduct themselves in the society. Since humans have freedom of doing various activities that benefit them, ethics is essential because it defines their character and conduct. Essentially, ethics systematically assesses human activities with a view of establishing […]

Ethics and Governance

Ethics is the study of what should be done. The terms ethics and morality are often used interchangeably . The word ethics comes from a Greek word ethickos – meaning an ethos, habit, pattern of behaviour or prevailing attitude. It has been widely viewed that ethics is not an easy word to define. We believe […]

Prostitution Legalization

Prostitution has been illegal in many countries in the world. Despite this fact, prostitution has continued to be practiced in every capital, and other cities in every country. This being the fact the governments need to see that they are fighting a losing battle and continuous prohibition of prostitution is like chasing wind. There are […]

Ethical Decision Making Models in Guerrilla Government

This paper gives an account of various ethical issues that are affecting decision-making models by taking the case of the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Seattle Regional Office. Ethical challenges emerge when workers face certain dilemmas when determining the proper action to pursue at an individual or organizational level. In this case, when EPA’s staff members […]

Ethical Issues in Supervision of Postgraduate Research Students

Introduction High quality postgraduate education is integral to the creation of an even more highly skilled workforce that will enable the country to maintain its competitive edge in an increasingly competitive world. Research is the cornerstone of most postgraduate studies and the supervisory relationship between the doctoral student and supervisor is crucial to the success […]

The Role of the Professional Code of Ethics in Addressing Security Threats

Historically, many professional associations have viewed ethical codes as mechanisms used to establish their status professionally. This gives a way of regulating their membership in order to convince the world that they deserve to be as self regulating as possible (Aupperle 2005, p. 1057). The state of self regulation depends on ways to curb unethical […]

Emerging IT-Related Technology’s Ethical Issues

The 21st century is marked by the development of information technology (IT) and the emergence of IT-related technologies. The growth of the internet as a platform for development, coupled with advances in technology has resulted in a slew of ethical dilemmas from individual and organizational levels. Subsequently, organizations have been compelled to ensure a balance […]

When a Multinational Corporation Should Violate or Respect Local Cultural Norms

Introduction Workplaces are constantly learning about the importance of cultural diversity and then need to respect it. They also learn about the need to act ethically when a situation calls for it. However, ethical decisions must be based on certain moral standards. Sometimes one’s assessment of the truth, from an ethical perspective, may differ from […]

Discrimination in the Workplace

In Ricci v. DeStefano, the U.S. Supreme Court made a contentious ruling on workplace racial discriminate practices. In the case, eighteen firefighters from New Haven’s fire department had sued their employer for engaging in discriminatory practices. Seventeen of the firefighters were Caucasian while one firefighter was Hispanic. The officials of the fire department refused to […]

Ethics and clinical trials

One of the main questions discussed by scholars is related to the ethical and safety standards established for clinical trials. The main task is to ensure the safety of patients and obtain scientifically rigorous findings. In some cases, these priorities cannot be easily reconciled. This paper is aimed at discussing two articles written by Marcia […]

Ethical Relativism in Human Rights

Contemporary ethical relativism can be traced to Edward Westermarck’s work in the book, “Ethical relativity and the development of Ethical ideas” (MacKinnon 230). Relativism defines the variations in levels of truth or principles. This is a philosophical concept that acknowledges varied levels of human rights, depending on the situation or circumstance. Proponents of subjectivism have […]

Animal Rights Approach

Do animals have rights? What is the meaning of animal rights? How can human beings uphold animal rights in the same way that they uphold human rights? These are just some of the questions arising from the controversy regarding animal rights. It must be pointed out that humans are dependent on animals for their survival. […]

Deontological Ethics in Business

Introduction This paper is based on a branch of normative ethics called deontology. In deontological ethics, employees are required to perform their duties according to the given instructions. They are supposed to perform their duties as instructed because doing otherwise amounts to an unethical practice (Seven oaks school, 2013). As an engineer, I would recommend […]

What Constitutes an Ethical Response?

Introduction The term ethical response refers to the non violent campaign against the minority groups in society. There are several injustices against humanity that occur globally. The first step in ethical response is gathering data to determine the nature of discrimination. After gathering the facts, the next stage is the purification stage. This involves training […]

Defining the Humanities

Defining the Humanities Various definitions have been given to the term humanity. Therefore, humanities are the many characteristics and branches of humanities such as theater, human being, art, culture, literature, food, music and the stories that try to bring out the sense in the world as we see it. It is a discipline that introduces […]

Nuremberg Defense

Nuremberg Defense Murdough (2010) explains that the Nuremberg Defense is a means by which individuals pass on the culpability (i.e. the responsibility) of a particular act to their superiors under the concept of them merely “following orders” (Murdough, 2010). This particular terminology developed as a direct result of the Nazi war crimes trials that were […]

Organizations Campaigning Against the Use of Animals in Research

Human beings have used animals in scientific research for a long time. Animals are currently being used in clinical studies to find cures for some diseases such as HIV, Alzheimer and Leukemia. Nonetheless, several organizations are now campaigning against the use of animals in scientific research. This paper will present a brief summary of arguments […]

Ethical Reasoning to Determine the Course of Action

Developing software that controls the autopilot system on a prototype of a commercial airplane is highly recommendable for safety reasons. Testing the system suitably is equally imperative. Hurrying up the testing to meet the publicly announced testing deadline may lead to compromising the reliability and safety of the entire aircraft system. Various theories recommend different […]

The Code of Ethics

The activities of social workers are regulated with the help of different codes and standards. The Code of Ethics worked out by the National Association of Social Workers is used to control professional actions which are connected with ethical issues. The profession of social workers is based on assisting those people in need and on […]

Fertility Preservation in Female Pre-Pubertal Children

Introduction Fertility preservation refers to the method of enabling cancer patients to maintain their fertility. This is because chemotherapy, radiation and other treatment regimens destroy the reproductive system of the body by attacking reproductive cells such as sperms and ovas.While the loss of the reproductive ability maybe temporary in some patients, some never regain it. […]

Peer Review of Authorship Ethics

The author demonstrates a fair understanding of the ethical issues associated with assigning authorship to a manuscript or scientific report. The author shows that establishing authorship is through building significant contribution to an article (Handyman 2011). The author also indicates that all authors named in a publication should play a substantial role in all the […]

Responding to Legal and Ethical Issues

Introduction The American Counseling Association (ACA) Code of Ethics suggests that counselors must undertake a “cautiously deliberated ethical decision-making procedures” (p. 4) when they experience complex ethical dilemmas. The ethical standard further requires that counselors must be able to identify and apply all valid ethical decision-making models. The ACA code is the only standard, among […]

Human Services Organization Analysis in Canada

Introduction The majority of governments and organizations value social justice as a way of upholding quality service delivery. The objective of this paper is to evaluate ethical and social justice values in the Canadian government to show that despite the progress made towards achieving equality and fairness, there are persisting loopholes in the implementation process. […]

Cooper’s Ethical Decision-Making Model

Introduction The ethical decision-making model as advanced by Cooper (2009) offered a way through which sequences of questions can be formulated to provide guidance to the public administrators in a systematic evaluation of identical and challenging moral predicaments. The model has varied features that involve various levels of views concerning ethical apprehensions ranging from expressive […]

Evaluation of the Partnership Against Domestic Violence

Description Perhaps, one of the most famous nonprofit organizations, Partnership Against Domestic Violence (PADV) has become a household name in people’s lives all over the United States. Founded in 1975, the organization has been providing support for the victims of domestic violence ever since. According to the official mission statement of the organization, PADV is […]

Researchers’ Ethical Failures

Reflection The importance of ethics in research has caused many professional associations, government agencies, and research dependent institutions to come up with strict standards in fostering an ethical practice among members and affiliates. These are extensions to legal rules governing behavior and ethical norms. Ethical actions can be legal or they can be illegal. When […]

The Wellspring Model Implementation

Introduction Wellspring Model was developed in the mid-1990s and it became operational in 1998. The model is developed by Innovative Solutions Inc., and the training is provided at the Wellspring Institute (Singh, 2010). The Wellspring Model is an alliance of a number of healthcare facilities that share knowledge and experiences. Specific training is also provided […]

“Globalization and the unleashing of new racism: an introduction” by Macedo and Gounari

Racism continues to manifest in the world in different ways, such that anyone who proclaims the end of racism appears as completely blind to his or her surroundings. The identification of all Muslims as terrorists, the classification of all blacks as inferior people, the labeling of people from a particular ethnicity, religion or other groups […]

Life Insurance Ethical Issues

Summary Most companies are enforcing different strategies aimed at cushioning the companies from losses. Among the recent strategies that have resulted in a lot of ethical questions is the strategy where businesses take insurance cover for the death of their employees. As such, this paper goes deeper looking into the ethical issues surrounding life insurance […]

An Argument Against Euthanasia

There are many approaches to the concept and practice of euthanasia. In one definition, euthanasia is described as a quick death in which pain is almost absent.1 However, there is one common understanding of euthanasia in the modern society. Euthanasia is the ending of a person’s life to help the particular individual avoid pain and […]

Ethical Dilemmas

Identifying the Problem A code of ethics is very important in the professional lives of people in different professions. However, a code of ethics cannot replace human minds that have the ability to question, judge, experience emotions, and even act depending on different situations. Ethical codes cannot replace the struggles that people in helping professions […]

Ethical Objections to Capitalism

Capitalism refers to an economic system in which wealth is owned by a few individuals or corporations that influence its production and distribution. Proponents of capitalism claim that it is a necessity in the attainment of political and economic freedom. However, several criticisms lodged against capitalism have labeled it unethical. These criticisms have elicited mixed […]

Ethical Issues in Organ Donation

A relatively recent issue of The New York Times presents a story about Mirtala Garcia and Sebastiao Lourenco (Grady 2011). Mirtala was the wife of a deceased organ donor Julio Garcia. Julio died of blood hemorrhage, and since he had previously agreed to donate his organs, Sebastiao Lourenco received his heart (Grady 2011). Mirtala and […]

Values And Corporate Responsibility In Global Operations

Introduction: the Rana Plaza Incident from the Perspective of Universal Ethical Values There is no secret that a number of multinational corporations use cheap labor from third-world countries (Dixon, Drakakis-Smith & Watts, 2013). Such a strategy helps thee companies maintain their high revenues. However, exploiting cheap labor without thinking of the safety of the workers […]

Ethics Decision Making

Introduction Disparities existing within thinking capacities, perceptions, and emotions trigger the formation of dilemmas that require ethics intervention. Apparently, ethics relays the multidimensional perspectives arising from cultural norms, legal requirements, religious beliefs, and determination of right and wrong (Davis, 2003). Dilemmas are potential causes of suicides, madness, and interferences with normal health for diabetic patients. […]

Should Parents be Allowed to Choose the Characteristic of their Children through Genetic Manipulation?

Introduction The resilient progresses in genetics have led to the current states of genetic manipulation. Such genetic manipulations might be used to design the features of future babies. In fact, whichever the genetic anarchy, the medical practitioners as well as the parentage are capable of screening embryos heritably through instigating IVF also called In Vitro […]