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Medical Conditions: Background Information Research Paper


Introduction

Healthcare providers continue to receive diverse reports on different medical conditions. To facilitate treatment and augment outcomes, healthcare practitioners must collect pertinent background information, especially information on medical status, regarding each case and possible predisposing factors.

This research paper focuses on background information on reported cases of four medical conditions, including menopause, depression, anxiety, and diabetes type II. Peer-reviewed journal articles and other credible sources have been adopted.

Menopause: A Reported Case

The case pertains to a 51-year-old patient from Thailand. The patient had severe vasomotor incidents, which were observed through hot flushes. The hot flushes were exhibited on various body parts, including the neck, face, and chest. Although the patient was above the average age of 48 years as asserted by Kim, et al., (2015), it is vital to note that the symptoms were triggered by a hysterectomy done to address hypermenorrhea (Teekachunhatean, Mattawanon, & Khunamornpong, 2015). Later, within 5 months, the flushes intensified to the point where her sleeping pattern was significantly disturbed. Nevertheless, the patient dreaded drug adverse effects and, therefore, resisted hormonal therapy (Teekachunhatean, Mattawanon, & Khunamornpong, 2015).

The patient had relatively steady and normal physical appearances, weighing 48 kg, and a BMI of 19.98 kilograms per square meter, blood pressure 120/91 mm Hg, and 76 bpm heart rate (Teekachunhatean, Mattawanon, & Khunamornpong, 2015). Other physical tests, including blood tests and vaginal cytology assessment, manifested relative normalcy.

Depression: A Reported Case

The reported case pertained a patient named Mrs. RJ (initials) who was 43 years old housewife with four children. The patient had a somewhat difficult past. First, Mrs. RJ was brought up in a family that faced huge financial and social problems. Although her father was employed and had an income, he neglected his duties and spent most of his time away from home (Iqbal & Awan, 2016a). The father was harsh and loud to everyone, especially her daughter, whenever he was at home. Second, she got married to a man whom despite being loving and caring had what the wife considered a bad habit. The husband’s habit of talking loudly reminded her of her past and her father (Iqbal & Awan, 2016a).

The socio-physical background led to serious medical conditions. The patient has a serious sense of deprivation, which had dire negative effects on her personality. She was deeply disturbed and intimidated by loud voices, especially from men, which she associated with cruelty. As such, the stimuli led to a sense of deep fear even to her husband. As a result, conditions such as lack of sleep were apparent (Iqbal & Awan, 2016a).

Anxiety: A Reported Case

The reported case relates to Mrs. M (initials). She was a 35-year-old housewife who was accompanied by her husband to a specialist. The husband indicated that the patient was reluctant to offer him his conjugal right for the two years they were married. According to the husband, she would cry and shout uncontrollably, unexpectedly, and violent manner whenever he touched her arms (Iqbal & Awan, 2016b).

Mrs. M was brought up in a stable family (an employed father, a housewife mother, and an, employed brother). Although she was properly educated and had a job, she left her job to just before marriage (She, however, would have been happier at work compared to staying at home). Most importantly, she had a horrible medical experience where her arms had grabbed and a syringe injected into her arm. She saw blood ooze from where the syringe was pierced. This experience had negative effects on the client’s psychological condition. She associated the placing of hands on her arm with extreme pain. Moreover, she dreaded any form of insertion. This explains why she would shout and cry whenever the husband would hold his hand in her arms (even when expressing love) and the anxiety associated with sex (Iqbal & Awan, 2016b). Apart from anxiety, it was diagnosed with Genophobia. Although she had previously visited a specialist, she did not pay any attention to the services given (Iqbal & Awan, 2016b).

Diabetes Type II: A Reported Case

The case pertains to a 65-year-old man with type II diabetes. The man was under medical checkups for a long time. However, it was apparent that oral therapy had minimal effect on blood glucose (Qureshi, 2014). As such, the medical provider recommended the intake of insulin as the form of management to prevent further complications as highlighted by Home et al., (2014). Moreover, he was constantly referred to as dietician and diabetic clinics. However, the patient resisted and asked for a prolonged time for lifestyle treatment (Qureshi, 2014).

The patient had an ischemic coronary condition and suffered sporadic vascular claudication. Also, the patient’s HbA1c was persistently about 10% (86 mmol/mol) and a BMI of 30 (Qureshi, 2014). Nevertheless, the patient’s blood pressure and level of cholesterol were within what the doctor had targeted. The clinician related the patient’s condition to the opposition to take insulin (Qureshi, 2014).

Conclusion

The paper has described background information for various patients suffering from different medical conditions, including menopause, depression, anxiety, and diabetes type II. From each case, it is evident that the background information had critical contributions to the medical condition. Therefore, background information checkup is vital in healthcare provision.

References

Home, P., Riddle, M., Cefalu, W. T., Bailey, C. J., Bretzel, R. G., Prato, S. D.,… Raz, I. (2014). Insulin therapy in people with type 2 diabetes: Opportunities and challenges? Diabetes Care, 37(6), 1499-1508.

Iqbal, M. Z., & Awan, S. N. (2016a). Case study of major depression. Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods, 5(214), 1-4. Web.

Iqbal, M. Z., & Awan, S. N. (2016b). Case Study of Genophobia & Anxiety. Journal of Depression and Anxiety, 2(13), 1-3. Web.

Kim, T.H., Kim, Y., Jeong, D.W., Lee, E.G., Jeon, D.S., & Kim, J.M. (2015). Autosomal translocation patient who experienced premature menopause: A case report. Journal of Menopausal Medicine, 2015(21), 112-114.

Qureshi, N. (2014). Impact of a care plan: Diabetes case study. London Journal of Primary Care (Abingdon), 6(3), 65-66.

Teekachunhatean, S., Mattawanon, N., & Khunamornpong, S. (2015). Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2015(962740). 1-7. Web.

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IvyPanda. "Medical Conditions: Background Information." October 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/medical-conditions-background-information/.

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IvyPanda. 2020. "Medical Conditions: Background Information." October 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/medical-conditions-background-information/.

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IvyPanda. (2020) 'Medical Conditions: Background Information'. 12 October.

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