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Millennium Development Goals in Brazil, Russia, India, China Report

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Introduction

In order to achieve the millennium development goals, the BRIC countries must look forward to eliminating high levels of poverty globally, ensure universal attainment of primary education, achieve a state of gender equity, and cut the death of children at birth alongside the improvement of maternal health among others things (Jensen 54). This paper seeks to assess data on the development indicators in order to determine whether the four countries have made substantial progress or not.

Poverty Elimination

After analyzing the statistics concerning the percentage of people living below $2, it is evident that the Russian Federation has made the greatest progress in comparison with its colleague countries. Over the last ten years, it has reduced the number of people living under $2 from 10.5 to 0.1. On the other hand, India is comparatively the last since 76 people are living under $2 for every hundred individuals in the population.

In that case, Brazil ranks as the second well-performing while China is the third. However, India’s failure can be attributed to the concurrent high population and the poor-performing economy. In addition, the ability of the Russian Federation to fight poverty can be seen in the fight against the prevalence of undernourishment. In this case, the prevalence is at 5 percent followed by Brazil and China (World Bank, sec. 4). Similarly, India ranks as the last in the line owing to the reasons that have been identified earlier.

Indicator Russia China Brazil India
2000 2009 2000 2009 2000 2009 2000 2009
Individuals living on $2 per day 10.5% 0.1% 61.4% 36.3% 23% 9.9% 75.6%
Undernourishment Prevalence 5% 5% 10% 10% 9% 6% 20% 19%

Table 1: Showing the poverty levels and undernourishment status of BRIC countries.

Attainment of Primary Education

The education sector has been taken seriously in the BRIC countries in accordance with the data provided. In this case, China has attained 100 percent primary education attendance in the country. As of 2009, all the countries had attained more than 90 percent of the index (World Bank, sec. 7). This implies that more than 90 students out of 100 children attend a primary school.

Indicator Russia China Brazil India
2000 2009 2000 2009 2000 2009 2000 2009
Attainment of Primary School Education 91.4% 93.4% 100% 100% 91.7% 94.1% 79.2 92.1%

Table 2: Showing the attainment of primary school education of BRIC countries.

Improvement of Maternal Health and Child Mortality

The four countries have launched a significant fight against child mortality and poor maternal health. With respect to the indicator of health development, it is evident that all four countries have increased the percentage of health expenditure. In effect, this tendency has increased life expectancy. As such, it is understandable that the increment of life expectancy is an indication of a developing health sector as well as evidence of commitment. The following table shows the trend in life expectancy as well as healthcare investments.

Indicator Russia China Brazil India
2000 2009 2000 2009 2000 2009 2000 2009
Life Expectancy 65.3% 68.8% 71.2% 73.1% 70.1% 72.8% 61.6 64.8%
Mortality Rate 22.7% 12.5% 33% 19.6 35.7% 20.6% 85.5% 64.7%

Table 3: Showing the mortality rate and life expectancy of BRIC countrie.

Fight for HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases

The fight against HIV/AIDS and other diseases are also evident in the BRIC countries according to the data that has been taken and subsequent analysis. First, there is a clear determination to fight measles which poses a great danger to human health. In Brazil, China, and Russian Federation, it is evident that almost the entire relevant population was immunized for measles. As such, it is an indication that these countries have made a critical milestone when it comes to the elimination of diseases.

Conclusion

According to the analysis, it is evident that Russia has reduced poverty, attained primary school education, and increased the life expectancy in the country significantly. It has consistently reduced the child mortality rate from 2000 to 2009. China is the second best-performing country owing to the significant decrease in the child mortality, increment of life expectancy, and 100 % attainment of primary education. Although the first three countries have experienced notable progress, India is experiencing evident difficulties as far as the MDGs are concerned.

Works Cited

Jensen, Lois. Millennium Development Goals Report. New York: United Nations, 2010. Print.

Data | The World Bank. 2013. Web.

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"Millennium Development Goals in Brazil, Russia, India, China." IvyPanda, 1 Mar. 2021, ivypanda.com/essays/millennium-development-goals-in-brazil-russia-india-china/.

1. IvyPanda. "Millennium Development Goals in Brazil, Russia, India, China." March 1, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/millennium-development-goals-in-brazil-russia-india-china/.


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IvyPanda. "Millennium Development Goals in Brazil, Russia, India, China." March 1, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/millennium-development-goals-in-brazil-russia-india-china/.

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IvyPanda. 2021. "Millennium Development Goals in Brazil, Russia, India, China." March 1, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/millennium-development-goals-in-brazil-russia-india-china/.

References

IvyPanda. (2021) 'Millennium Development Goals in Brazil, Russia, India, China'. 1 March.

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