A computer has become an important part of our life. Most of the work in today’s world is done by computer and information technology. Information technology plays an important role in different fields. Some different fields are completely influenced by information technology. The word “homunculus” is derived from the Latin word homunculus, which means ”little man.” Homunculus is usually used for defining or description of a system. In a scientific system, it is generally viewed as an entity or an agent of a complete system. This term was first used by Alchemist Paracelsus. He claimed in the early decade that he had created a false human being named “Homunculus.” His creature was 12 inches tall, and it does all work associated with a golem. After a short time, homunculus turned on his creator and ran away. Alchemists made homunculus with a combination of different elements such as skin fragments, sperm, and hair of any animal. Homunculus can be created by combining hairs, skin fragments, bones, sperm, and skin elements from any animal of which a person wants to make a hybrid. For the formation of an embryo, this structure was to be laid down on the ground for about forty days. The ground was surrounded by horse manure for forty days to form an embryo (Frege, 1892). Mandrake method is also used and described by other alchemists for the formation of a homunculus. Various methods are now used for the homunculus, and some alchemist refers Mandrake use.
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The most popular method for the creation of a homunculus is usually cited by other alchemists emphasizes the use of the mandrake. A famous belief about homunculus was held that a plant usually grew where the semen often produced by hanged men within last conclusive ends prior to death fell to the ground. Roots usually resemble a human shape to varying degrees. A black dog usually picked a root in the early morning, then washing of root was done. After that, it used to be “fed” with milk and honey in the same perception as blood, fully develops into a miniature human that usually guards and protects its owner or creator(Homunculus, 1994).
Another method was used by Dr. David Christianus at the University of Giessen in the 18th century. He took an egg of a black hen. In his method, he emphasized a lot on egg laid by a black hen. The egg was poked in a tiny hole with the aid of a shell, and a bean-sized portion was replaced with white human sperm. And the opening was sealed with virgin parchment, and the egg was buried on the first day of the March lunar cycle. There was an expectation that a miniature humanoid would emerge from the egg within thirty to thirty-five days, which would surely help and protect the creator from a steady diet of different seeds, including lavender seeds and earthworms.
Today, the term “homunculus” is used in different domains to describe a system that thought little man was working inside. There are several homunculus theories about brain modules and sensory events. Both theories are effective in the way of responding mind. Both theories fall in homunculus because everyone agrees that homunculi are responsible for our consciousness, but there is a centralized entity inside our head named the brain. Generally, homunculi are regarded as eventually as absurd as a smear against other theories. According to Daniel Daniel, there is a black box inside our mind which enables all mental abilities. Both theories count as homunculus theory because both are common in the theory of vision.
A simple theory proposed a solution in which a light beam forms an image in the eyes and produces an image in the brain which looks the same as if they are on screen. Some homunculus arguments proved that this is not a complete view because all that has been done on a place as an entire person, or homunculus, which always present behind the eyes and gazes at the retinas (Gregory & Richard L. (1990). Homunculus theories are considered bad because it is a philosophy of diminutive humans and it is fully formed individual believed by adherents of early biological theory about the per formation to be present in the sperm cell. Fodor and Dennett’s ideas have been challenged by a variety of philosophers. Fodor explains the natural language learning process as a formation process and confirmation of hypothesis in a LOT, the basic point of LOT is based on the majority’s behavior towards computers but also in regards to human’s unconscious behavior, which does not consider that representation is necessary for defining proportional attitudes.
Some things humans do while playing games on the computer like playing a chess game, sometimes he says, “I think queen should be moved on left.” Here, no one would agree that the computer is actually thinking or believing, but it represents propositional attitudes (Fodor, 1993). Dennett also suggests many of our daily attitudes, such as a desire to breathe in a stuffy atmosphere. Fodor and Dennett suggest that homunculus theories are good enough as several homunculi are nested; this is a virtuous theory (Fodor, 1998). The consequences of people by a conscious concept would replace this theory because it’s true to some extent that there is a little man inside our brain who responded to our actions and brain messages. Some of Fodor and Dennett’s thoughts are challenged by many philosophers from different domains as Fodor considers such concepts as effect, islands, vixen, and week to be all innate and primitive. The use of a similar strategy to replace bad theory is possible because sometimes homunculus doesn’t fulfill the requirements associated with a little man. Homunculus arguments are popular in the theory of vision. Arguments and criticism on homunculus theories are common; several homunculus theories have been challenged by some other philosophers. In the field of physiology and philosophy of mind, homunculus theories are extremely useful for detecting certain concepts where the mind failed or could not be able to solve the issue. Very few people would propose that a little man is sitting inside the brain while actively looking at the brain. This proposal is very common and has been used in several theories as a Straw man of mind.
Some homunculi theories are common but usually consider failing or incomplete, and bad. Many people do not believe that there is something like a little man sitting inside the brain or there are homunculi. Many theories are available in this domain, but they have to achieve great success in the domain. Different human behaviors reflect due to human thinking and behavior towards computers which shows human interaction with computers. Mind, brain, and computer all lie in the same line, but the computer doesn’t have a mind to think, and also it doesn’t respond like a human on brain messages.