Most people in modern US society consider illicit drugs to be entirely prohibited by the country’s legislative system without any exceptions. However, such groups of illicit drugs as stimulants and opioids are currently exploited for various medical purposes. Although they are not used as a regular painkiller or antidepressant, as it was generally accepted in the 19th century, such medications are now prescribed in extreme cases when any other treatment is unproductive. In such a way, a group of opioids, which also includes heroin, is now engaged in a treatment process. Medications, which comprise opioids, such as OxyContin, are prescribed as serious painkillers for patients with neuromuscular diseases (Levinthal, 2014). Such a treatment is, by all means, efficient in terms of decreasing pain levels, but it is also controversial in the context of availability and dependence.
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First of all, the presence of such medications increases the levels of drug abuse and crime, as many opioid dependants are likely to commit robberies in order to get the needed dose. People with drug-dependence are often inclined to do illegal actions as they are guided by instincts rather than by a sharp mind. Another quite important issue concerns patients who are to take drug-based medications due to an illness. Although the drug dose in them is calculated in order not to cause dependence, people are still at high risk of getting used to them. After a certain period, patients cannot kill the pain by any other medication or method but by the opioids. Hence, as opioid-based drugs are now impossible to eradicate from the medical practice, it is important to answer the question of how people should undergo treatment without the threat of being dependent on a drug.
Levinthal, C. F. (2014). Drugs, behavior, and modern society. London, UK: Pearson Education.