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In 1960s civility was considered the greatest law of the land; it was considered more fundamental than even human rights. The American society held that for America to prosper, it needed to be civilized and acquire the characteristics of a civil society
The rebellion towards this political matter took different dimensions; the first was that the existing attitude towards social etiquette was opposed. The Afro-Americans argued that the concept of civility was a construction of the white people which was objectively aimed at perpetuating racial equality and the culture of color segregation. Students who believed on the radical view of politics associated the disruption of civility to have political connotation.
Consequently, social order was considered as the heart of every society and any state that valued the equal enjoyment of rights by its citizens had no choice but to establish a standard of behavior or norms that govern the conduct of its citizens, though incivility was protected by the first amendment, no incivility could interrupt the normal functioning of social and public institutions like schools and court room.
The Principle of civil disobedience was also directly linked to the culture of social order. The unequivocal application and use of culture of civility made the Afro-Americans to opt for violent ways since it limited free speech and there was no clear definition of what words violated the principal of civility. Then emerged the advocates of counter culture who valued authenticity over civility and argued that politeness suppresses impulsive behavior and they argued for the liberation of self; in the name of individual liberty, they fought the restraints of civil society. There also emerged the culture of political left who considered violent behavior an option in achieving political objectives. They demonstrated their lack of trust in civil approach to politics (Farber 1).
Farber, David. The Sixties; From Memory to History; University Of North Carolina Press. New York: Oxford University, n.d. Print.