The analysis of economic growth in the United States has shown that immigration has contributed greatly to the prosperity in the economic sphere. Numerous studies have revealed the obvious benefits of immigration for the welfare of the U.S. native. However, little concern has been presented with regard to the economic welfare of the immigrants themselves.
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Certainly, immigrants cover a large share of labor market and foster development of strong economic infrastructure in the country. On the other hand, it is important to define socioeconomic conditions under which they work, particularly the type of job they apply for, salaries and wages they receive, and overall perception of the immigrants in the American society. All these factors should be discussed to define whether immigrants are satisfied with the level of living in the United States.
The current wave of immigration is similar to the previous ones. The point is that a great number of immigrants arrive at the United States in attempt to receive any job. Because of little experience and insufficient skills, most of immigrants are hired for the positions with low salaries. Such a challenge emerges due to the lack of sufficient skills among immigrants.
In fact, inconsistency between the experience required and the actual level of employees applying for the position can necessitate greater public assistance with the minority groups, as well as complicate racial and ethnic inequality.
Because low-skilled workers migrating to the United States are more adaptive to the hard conditions because of the hardships they underwent in their native country, the native Americans with similar skills could have problems with receiving similar job position because are not ready to work on such terms. As a result, the U.S. employers are more inclined to hire immigrants rather than American residents.
Because of greater supply of immigrants on low-paid positions, immigrants are less likely to receive a prestigious job with a high salary. They cannot reach similar social and economic status in the country. Once again, such a situation can cause significant frictions based on ethnical and racial distinctions.
Moreover, attracting more immigrants can have a serious threat to the labor market in the United States. As a result, the areas with large density of migrated population will have an adverse effect on immigration because of greater competition established for job places and wages. However, the negative consequences of such policies will also influence the immigrants themselves because not all minority groups agree to work on low-paying jobs.
Aside from greater job availability and low salaries, immigrants had to pay taxes in larger amounts, although they consumer considerably less than native Americans. As such, U.S. Americans receive greater social benefits than immigrants working in the United States.
Nevertheless, the American society skeptically appraises the increase in immigration rates because of the opportunities for unskilled Americans have considerably decreased. Immigrants are poorly treated in the American society because of the higher demand for the immigrant labor force among the American employers.
With regard to the above-presented arguments, the positive economic consequences of immigration do not overweigh negative socioeconomic effects of immigration in the United States. Such a situation is explained by the greater demand for immigrants who are ready to apply for low-paying jobs, unlike Native Americans. More importantly, even high-skilled immigrants face challenges while applying for a prestigious job because of the created stereotypes.