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Rally’s Restaurant’s Financial Analysis Essay

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Updated: Jan 5th, 2021

Rally’s Restaurant’s Balance Sheet

Assets
Current Assets
Cash Checking $782
Cash Payroll 2,500
Cash Money Mkt. 10,000
Total Cash 13,282
Amex Rec. 25,120
Visa/ MC Rec. 10,500
House Accounts 15,000
Prepaid Expenses 10,000
60,620
Inventory
Food 20,000
Wine 200,000
Liquor 35,000
Beer 7,000
Other Bev 5,000
Total Inventory 267,000

Total Current Assets

340,902
Fixed Assets
Furniture & Equipment 215,000
Leasehold Improvements 1,000,000
1,215,000
Accumulated Depreciation (140,000)
Net Fixed Assets 1,075,000
Other Assets
Security Deposits 20,000
Liquor License 5,100
Artwork 75,000
Total Other Assets 100,100
Total Assets $1,516,002
Liabilities & Stockholders’ Equity
Current Liabilities
Current Portion St Debt $175,000
Accounts Payable 150,000
Accrued Wages 20,000
Accrued Income Taxes 5,000
Accrued Payroll Taxes 15,000
Gift Certificates Payable 16,000
Total Current Liabilities 381000
Notes Payable LT. Portion 600,000
Total Liabilities 981,000
Stockholders’ Equity
Capital Stock 1,000
Paid in Capital 199,000
Retained Earnings 75,000
Net Income 260,002
Total Stockholders’ Equity
Total Liabilities & Stockholders’ Equity 535,002
$1,516,002

Current ratio

The current ratio measures the company’s ability to meet its short-term maturing obligation to its creditors or suppliers; it measures the company’s solvency (Microstrategy.com, 2011). A current ratio of more than one represents a margin of safety for the creditors or suppliers. The higher the ratio, the more liquid the firm is, and the more confident the creditors will be with the company (Microstrategy.com, 2011).

=CA / CL

=340,902/ 381,000

= 0.89: 1

Quick ratio

A current ratio is not an adequate measure of liquidity. It includes inventory or stock, which is not easily converted into cash; on the other hand, a quick ratio excludes the stock in its calculation (Meir, 2008). A quick ratio of more than one is satisfactory for the firm, since the higher the ratio, the more the firm’s ability to meet its short term maturing obligations (Meir, 2008). However, a higher quick ratio may not always reflect high liquidity for the firm, which has a high average collection period; on the other hand, a low quick ratio may not necessarily reflect low liquidity if the average collection period is short (Meir, 2008).

If the firm’s quick ratio is less than one, this means that the firm’s liquidity is not satisfactory (Meir, 2008). In such cases, the company needs to do two things; improve its debt management policy, ensuring that debtors pay within a short duration of time, and it should also improve the stock management policy to ensure that stock is converted into cash within a short duration (Meir, 2008).

= (CA – Inventory) / CL

= (340,902 – 267,000) / 381,000

= 0.19: 1

Working capital ratio

The working capital ratio measures the firm’s ability to meet its short term liability from its assets (GoldmanSachs.com, 2011).

= Total Assets/ Total Liabilities

= 1,516,002 / 981,000

= 1.55: 1

Debt to Equity ratio

Debt to Equity ratio is a gearing or leverage ratio; leverage ratios measure the extent to which a firm uses the assets financed by non-owners supplied funds (Drake, 2009). They measure the company’s financial risk; the higher the ratio, the higher the firm’s financial risk (Drake, 2009). There should be an appropriate mix of debt and equity finance in the company’s assets (Drake, 2009).

Debt to Equity ratio measures the proportion of non-owner-supplied funds (Long term debt) to owners’ contribution (Shareholders’ Equity); if it is more than 100%, the firm is highly geared (Drake, 2009).

The implication of high gearing level

Debt financing is riskier from the point of view of the firm, where the firm has a legal obligation to pay interest to the debt holders irrespective of whether the company makes a profit or not. If the company defaults on the payment of interest on time, the creditors may sue the firm resulting in liquidation (Drake, 2009). A highly debt-burdened firm will find it difficult to raise more funds since it will be viewed as risky by providers of funds; if the equity base is thin, the firm is less likely to receive funds from creditors (Drake, 2009).

Debt is advantageous to shareholders because they maintain control of the firm since debt holders do not have a controlling interest in the firm (Drake, 2009).

= Total Long-term Debt / Total Equity

= 600,000 / 535,002

=1.12 x 100

= 112%

Summary Statement

The restaurant’s net profit margin (net profit as a percentage of sales) is at 8.72%. This means that the firm has not been efficient in controlling its production, operating, and financing costs. This is because the net profit is only represented by 8.72% of sales and 91.28% represent the cost of sales, operating costs, financing cost, and taxes.

Rally’s current ratio is not satisfactory since it is below the margin of safety; the current ratio of 0.89 means that the restaurant’s current assets can only cover current liabilities 0.89, implying that the firm is facing liquidity risk and it cannot be able to pay its short term obligations. However, a quick ratio is more preferred than the current ratio to decide whether the firm is liquid or not, as it does not include inventory (Drake, 2009).

From the ratio calculated, the firm’s quick ratio is at 0.19, which is below the required ratio of 1. Therefore, the restaurant is facing liquidity risk. The current ratio and quick ratio variance are very wide. This implies that the firm has a lot of money tied in inventory or stock. This indicates that the firm is having idle stock in the warehouse. Therefore the firm should; improve its debt management policy by ensuring that debtors pay within a short duration of time. It should improve the stock management policy to ensure that stock is converted into cash within a short duration (Drake, 2009).

The firm working capital ratio is at 1.55. This means that the firm is efficient in using its assets to meet its obligations to the creditors or suppliers; if sales drop, this will mean that the restaurant will not be utilizing its asset efficiently, and the working capital ratio will drop below 1.55.

The gearing ratio of 112% (debt to Equity ratio) is more than 100%; this means that Rally’s Restaurant is highly geared. Thus, if the restaurant defaults in paying the interest rate, it will be sued and finally be liquidated, or it may face difficulty in the future if it wants to raise more funds. This implies that the firm is very risky to the creditors.

In conclusion, Rally’s Restaurant is not successful as it is facing liquidity problems or risk, leverage, or financial risk, and it is holding more of its cash in terms of idle stock. This is as a result of poor debt and stock management policy. Rally Restuarant should concentrate on improving debt and stock management policy and improving its cost control efficiency.

References

Drake, P. (2009). Financial ratio analysis. Web.

GoldmanSachs.com. (2011). BRICs. Web.

Meir, L. (2008). Financial ratio analysis. Web.

Microstrategy.com. (2011). Financial Analysis. Web.

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