Robotics is a science and technology of robots, design, structure, and functionality. The robot is an artificially intelligent agent which is designed under the rules of Robotics. Robots are nowadays very popular, and in every field, they are used for different purposes. The robot is composed of four main parts; A body structure, a muscle system that helps in movement, a sensory system that receives information and passes to the body, a power source for activation of muscles and sensors, A brain system that receives messages and conveys to the body what to do. There are a number of systems and tools are used in order to produce a time-saving and efficient robot. A number of the camera are used inside body structure which gives it beam of light and enable it to see a number of things and work accordingly. Nowadays, different applications are in progress keeping in mind the mechanism and algorithms structure of robot construction. Scientist has developed a robot which can walk, see, runs like a human. Recently South Korean scientist has developed a robot which can see, move and dance like a human. Scientists used the Artificial intelligence theme in order to provide human senses to the robot. This robot has built-in artificial intelligence by which this robot can see things around it.
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Nowadays, robots are used in different fields and in medicine it is doing marvelous jobs. The scientist has developed a robot that can operate a patient from a computer console. It replaces the need for surgeons to operate on patients for long. Assisted surgery reports have proved that a doctor and robot can be linked via internet connection over 4000 miles (Robotic Surgery, 2008). Robots can also use for minimally invasive surgery with high precision. There is a problem involved in this approach, i.e., time-consuming in sending and receiving messages. The involvement of robotics in the medical field has become a vast research area. In Japan and other countries, robots are used for different medical applications, including orthopedic surgery, microsurgery, and eye surgery, and radiotherapy. Robots are also used for autoplastic and neurosurgery. In a number of cases, robots are the extension of a doctor’s skills and also assist the doctor in long operations. Robots are of great help to doctors in some cases. Human-friendly robot dependability is sounded safe and good in medical applications. Although, before using any robotic system for surgery, there are certain requirements that must be fulfilled before surgery.
There are some manufacturing guidelines that must be in mind while building a robot. The manufacturing guidelines are defined at three different levels: 1) electromechanical, electrical, and software components (Dario, Guglielmelli, et al., 1996). Robots can be used for the treatment of highly accurate patients. Patient position is very important at the time of robot treatment. Linking doctors with the robot via the internet helps in treating a patient with accuracy; it also reduces the chances of mistakes. Robotic surgery has many advantages and fear in patient’s minds. A number of people don’t feel good being treated with a machine. Nowadays, most robots do not look the same as in fiction movies. Medical fields have many uses of robots and remote-controlled technology. For example, if a tissue sample is treated in the hands of a robot, it will never come in contact with a human, such systems help to automate the medical testing process, and it also reduces the chances of contamination. Laparoscopic surgery was a very sensitive issue for all surgeons in past decades; robot technology has solved this problem up to a great extent (Cavusoglu and Cohn, 1999). Medical robots have a great impact on nursing, and it reshapes nursing techniques.
M.C.Cavusoglu, M. Cohn, 1999, Laparoscopic telesurgical workstation. In Video Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA).
Robotic surgery A cutting Edge in Medical Field, 2008, Web.
P. Dario, E. Guglielmelli, B. Allotta, and M. C. Carrozza, “Robotics for medical applications,” IEEE Robot. Automat. Mag., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 44-56, 1996.