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School-Aged Children’ Bullying Behaviors Essay


Study to be Utilized

Janssen, I., Craig, W. M., Boyce, W. F., & Pickett, W. (2004). Associations Between Overweight and Obesity With Bullying Behaviors in School-Aged Children. Pediatrics, 113(5), 1187-119

Identifying the Study

The Janssen, Craig, Boyce, and Pickett (2004) study focused on determining whether there was a correlation between obesity and bullying behaviors among school-aged children. Through the study, it was revealed that children with high BMI (Body Mass Index) had higher odds of being bullied as compared to their peers who had relatively low or “normal” BMIs. Common behaviors that were attributed to the act of bullying were physical, sexual and even verbal abuse of the students and were not limited to merely children but even extended to teenagers that were 14 to 16 years old. The study explains that the act of bullying overweight children manifested due to the children being considered as “different” outside of the standard social norm. Being fat in school culture that the children found themselves in was considered something to be shameful about and, as a direct result, individuals that were overweight were “fat-shamed” due to how different they were. Janssen et al. (2004) state that this particular behavior is reflective of the greater state of various societies at present where obesity is often treated as a negative condition. Furthermore, Janssen et al. (2004) presents the notion that an individual that was bullied at an early age actually develops issues with their social and psychological development due to the “trauma” they experienced resulting in their capacity to associate with other people and being able to utilize the full gamut of their emotional spectrum being severely affected by their experience being bullied. The result is that such individuals become more withdrawn and are far more likely to become obese as they detach themselves from social interaction.

Description of the Authors and their Qualifications

Based on a quick examination of the titles and experiences of the authors, it was revealed that Janssen, Craig, Boyce, and Pickett (2004) all have Ph.D. degrees and have substantial experience in the field of pediatrics as well as psychological development. Some of their work has focused on what factors have affected the development of children, the social and psychological impact of bullying and what are the reasons behind why people bully others in the first place. Their work commonly combines social and psychological topics to help explain the correlation between the two and how this impacts social groups and society in general.

Tools Utilized to Measure Bullying

The tools utilized to measure bullying, in this case, came in the form of survey results that first measured the body mass index of 5,759 boys and girls in order to determine whether they fell into the necessary weight range to be considered as being overweight or obese. After this examination was conducted, individuals that fell into the necessary weight range were questioned utilizing a survey to determine whether they have been exposed to acts of bullying. The questions focus on aspects related to physical, verbal and sexual abuse and seek to determine the extent to which certain categories of individuals were bullied based on their level of BMI. Through a combination of the BMI index and the survey, the researchers were able to showcase that students that had higher levels of BMI were more likely to be victims of bullying as compared to their counterparts that had lower BMIs (Janssen et al., 2004). Utilizing SPSS (a statistical analysis tool), the authors were able to determine that there was actually a certain level of progression when it came to acts of bullying where increasing levels of BMI in the groups of children examine resulted in greater chances of being bullied.

Ethical theory of Value that underlies this work

The values that underlie this particular work focus on the notion that bullying someone based on their physical appearance is wrong since it manifests itself into debilitating psychological states for the victims of bullying that impact their future capacity to properly integrate themselves into society. It is due to this that the work of Janssen et al. (2004) sought to show just how potentially damaging this behavior could be and the potential psychological repercussions it could have on young children due to their impressionability. Do note that some of the basis behind the work of Janssen et al. (2004) and its connection to bullying has its origins in mimetic theory. This theoretical approach states that people tend to base their actions on the behavior of other people. In other words, people tend to emulate observed behavior due to their desire to fit in. This particular theoretical focus helps to explain why children bully others based on how fat they are since the act of “fat-shaming” is something that they have chosen to emulate due to what they have observed in the greater whole of society when it comes to dealing with obese individuals.

Reference List

Janssen, I., Craig, W. M., Boyce, W. F., & Pickett, W. (2004). Associations Between Overweight and Obesity With Bullying Behaviors in School-Aged Children. Pediatrics, 113(5), 1187-119

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IvyPanda. (2020, July 10). School-Aged Children' Bullying Behaviors. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/school-aged-children-bullying-behaviors/

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"School-Aged Children' Bullying Behaviors." IvyPanda, 10 July 2020, ivypanda.com/essays/school-aged-children-bullying-behaviors/.

1. IvyPanda. "School-Aged Children' Bullying Behaviors." July 10, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/school-aged-children-bullying-behaviors/.


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IvyPanda. "School-Aged Children' Bullying Behaviors." July 10, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/school-aged-children-bullying-behaviors/.

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IvyPanda. 2020. "School-Aged Children' Bullying Behaviors." July 10, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/school-aged-children-bullying-behaviors/.

References

IvyPanda. (2020) 'School-Aged Children' Bullying Behaviors'. 10 July.

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