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South Africa History: Zimbabwe Sanctions Program Research Paper


Peculiarities of the Document

The document that is taken as a basis of a research paper is a government publication called “Zimbabwe Sanctions Program,” and it describes the key aspects of the US sanctions about the country in the south of Africa (Office of Foreign Assets Control 1). The work provides information on how precisely specific constraints affect the development of the state and describes the impact of sanctions on Zimbabwe (Office of Foreign Assets Control 1). As a confirmation, some statistical information and references to other authors’ works are used. Information is submitted in a scientific form, the language of this official document is formal. The structure of the work corresponds to the standard scheme for constructing a government paper where there is an introduction, an overview of specific ideas, licenses, and references. The title of the work, stated in the title, is fully disclosed.

Arguments about Specific Issues

Arguments in favor of the information described in the research paper can be found in other authors’ works. For instance, Johnson and Dickinson cite similar data in their article that deals with the US influence on the development of South Africa during the Cold War (355). They confirm that Western politicians played a rather important role in shaping the economy and politics of the region described. Also, Barry and Kleinberg emphasize the US impact on the development of third-party states, including African regions, and draw attention to the general trend that characterized the period from 1966 to 2000 (881). The original document draws readers’ attention to political instruments that guided American politicians (Office of Foreign Assets Control 2). Similar data are also described in the paper by Cranmer et al.; the authors also refer to the structural determinants of the sanctions process and define the mechanisms that are involved in this network (5). All additional sources are also peer-reviewed scientific articles.

Context of Writing the Articles

All the additional resources used are written approximately at the same time as the primary one. Nevertheless, some articles cover different periods. For example, Barry and Kleinberg describe events from 1966 to 2000 (881). Almost the same time frame is used in the work of Lektzian and Biglaiser who consider the period from 1969 to 2000 as the time of American influence (65). A later time frame as described in the article by Neuenkirch and Neumeier; the authors take the period from 1976 to 2012 as a basis and provide detailed statistical data that describe the impact of the US on different countries’ GDP, including South African region, in the context of economic sanctions (110). Thus, additional sources have different time frames, and it affects the information presented in them.

Evidence-Based Information Given in the Articles

The information presented in the primary article is entirely justified and evidence-based. For example, the impact of the US government on economy and policies developed under the influence of sanctions is disclosed, and statistical information concerning the duration of these measures is provided (Office of Foreign Assets Control 3). Moreover, the document gives some acute data according to which all the data are performed. A concrete example from this source, which can be used as evidence of its relevance in the study, is the data regarding all the penalties that are imposed on the government of Zimbabwe. Therefore, the document taken as a basis for the study contains well-reasoned and evidential arguments that entirely convey the declared topic and can be considered a reliable source of information in the context of the theme under research.

Works Cited

Barry, Colin M., and Katja B. Kleinberg. “Profiting from Sanctions: Economic Coercion and US Foreign Direct Investment in Third-Party States.” International Organization, vol. 69, no. 4, 2015, pp. 881-912.

Cranmer, Skyler J., Tobias Heinrich, and Bruce A. Desmarais. “Reciprocity and the Structural Determinants of the International Sanctions Network.” Social Networks, vol. 36, no. 1, 2014, pp. 5-22.

Johnson, Vernon D., and Eliot Dickinson. “International Norms and the End of Apartheid in South Africa.” Safundi, vol. 16, no. 4, 2015, pp. 355-377.

Lektzian, David, and Glen Biglaiser. “Investment, Opportunity, and Risk: Do US Sanctions Deter or Encourage Global Investment?” International Studies Quarterly, vol. 57, no. 1, 2013, pp. 65-78.

Neuenkirch, Matthias, and Florian Neumeier. “The Impact of UN and US Economic Sanctions on GDP Growth.” European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 40, no. 1, 2015, pp. 110-125.

Office of Foreign Assets Control. Zimbabwe Sanctions Program. U.S. Department of the Treasury, 2017.

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IvyPanda. (2020, October 12). South Africa History: Zimbabwe Sanctions Program. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/south-africa-history-zimbabwe-sanctions-program/

Work Cited

"South Africa History: Zimbabwe Sanctions Program." IvyPanda, 12 Oct. 2020, ivypanda.com/essays/south-africa-history-zimbabwe-sanctions-program/.

1. IvyPanda. "South Africa History: Zimbabwe Sanctions Program." October 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/south-africa-history-zimbabwe-sanctions-program/.


Bibliography


IvyPanda. "South Africa History: Zimbabwe Sanctions Program." October 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/south-africa-history-zimbabwe-sanctions-program/.

References

IvyPanda. 2020. "South Africa History: Zimbabwe Sanctions Program." October 12, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/south-africa-history-zimbabwe-sanctions-program/.

References

IvyPanda. (2020) 'South Africa History: Zimbabwe Sanctions Program'. 12 October.

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