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South Sudan Refugees and Their Status Case Study


The flow of refugees from South Sudan in neighbouring countries does not stop. It might lead to the emergence of new problems not only for the refugees but for the population of host countries as well. Recent news indicates that the number of people who left the country exceeds 1.5 million, and this number continues to grow. [1] This situation imposes a burden on the neighbouring countries in connection with the liability they have to carry when accepting refugees on the territory. Despite the criticality of the situation, the donors do not furnish due care and cannot increase funding for humanitarian operations.

The Core of the Crisis

The complexity of the setting is amplified by the fact that refugee camps are almost full, which increases the risk of epidemics. This poses a threat to the native population as well. Also, the situation in Southern Sudan, low productivity, ongoing conflicts, and the lack of required aid might lead to a humanitarian crisis. [2] Many refugees are forced to live under the open sky, they do not receive enough food and other essentials, which leads to the fact that people are suffering from malnutrition, diseases, and, in general, have to perish waiting for help. Despite all the appeals, assistance emanating from several international charity organizations is not sufficient.

Several years earlier, South Sudan was a young developing country, which has faced an ongoing conflict and was consecutively decimated by it. In 2013, the country experienced a power crisis, which has turned into a multifaceted process of destruction. [3] The conflict was the results of disagreements between President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, and Riek Machar. Still, it exacerbated in a crisis that affected millions of people and became the biggest conflict in Africa. At present, South Sudan experiences a political, national, and ethnic collision. Parts of the country are in dreadful condition with people starving to death. The setting has pushed more than 3 million people to abandon their homes and lands in a search for peace and security. People have settled in such countries as Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, and Ethiopia, and many of refugees are scattered across the world. [4] Although in 2015 a peace agreement was concluded, the war has never stopped.

Refugees coming through the forest.
Image 1. Refugees coming through the forest (Leithead 2016).

The majority of the refugees are women and children. The minors suffer from severe hunger and malnutrition. Also, more than half of them have waterborne diseases, which they receive when consuming undrinkable water. According to expert evaluations, the situation will continue to deteriorate, and significantly more refugees will be affected by extreme hunger. [5] Apart from that, host countries experience severe security problems as people have to strive through forests for days to reach safe places since they are aware of militia groups operating on the roads. [6]

Conclusion

Thus, governments and authorities of countries are trying to figure out what to do with the refugees from Southern Sudan since most of them are illegal immigrants, which imposes additional constraints on their integration into society and normal life. Every day thousands of people leave this African country in search of safety; however, running away from war and persecution, they have to live in poverty and wait for anything, which comes next. In three years, the country has turned into a state where trade and markets have been demolished, where people die of hunger, and where it is no longer safe for anyone.

Reference List

Begum, S 2013, Upper Nile refugee crisis, Oxfam, Oxford.

Furtak, F 2015, ‘The refugee crisis – a challenge for Europe and the world’, Journal of Civil & Legal Sciences, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-2.

Leithead, A 2016,, BBC, Web.

Lovell-Hoare, S, Ibbotson, S & Lovell-Hoare, M 2013, South Sudan, Bradt Travel Guides, Chalfont St Peter.

2016, Web.

Tutlam, N 2013, Liberating South Sudan one patient at a time, Xlibris Corporation, Bloomington.

Footnotes

  1. (Refugees fleeing South Sudan pass one million marks 2016).
  2. (Furtak 2015).
  3. (Begum 2013).
  4. (Tutlam 2013).
  5. (Leithead 2016).
  6. (Lovell-Hoare, Ibbotson & Lovell-Hoare 2013).
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1. IvyPanda. "South Sudan Refugees and Their Status." November 5, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/south-sudan-refugees-and-their-status/.


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IvyPanda. "South Sudan Refugees and Their Status." November 5, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/south-sudan-refugees-and-their-status/.

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IvyPanda. 2020. "South Sudan Refugees and Their Status." November 5, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/south-sudan-refugees-and-their-status/.

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IvyPanda. (2020) 'South Sudan Refugees and Their Status'. 5 November.

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