Picking up possible topics for carrying out the research on them, one may propose the following fields of one’s interest for the discussion:
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- The United States’ foreign policy in the period before the nineteenth century;
- The attitude of the United States of America toward the European wars of the nineteenth century;
- The aspiration of the United States for the independence;
- The establishment of the Monroe Doctrine by the US president James Monroe;
- The foreign policy of the United States towards the Latin American territories after the proclaiming of the Monroe Doctrine;
- The United States foreign policy in the twentieth century
Narrowing the Topic
If one selects the Monroe Doctrine as a basic topic for the research and discussion, then one should express the following ideas which would define it in the research paper:
- The international situation that determined the necessity of the Monroe Doctrine’s proclaiming;
- The intentions and the fundamental ideas of the Monroe Doctrine;
- The United States’ hegemony establishment at the Latin America with the help of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine;
- The twisted usage of the Monroe Doctrine during the Cold War
Free Write About the Topic
The above listed ideas, basically, cover the spheres of knowledge that one would like to cover in the given research paper, thus, they enable one to draw up the topic of the research paper, as they actually determine it. Summarizing, one may conclude this paper would represent and discuss the information and the facts about the role and the influence of the Monroe Doctrine on the United States’ foreign affairs; its intentions and causes for the entire world. So, one’s research paper’s topic might be proposed to be as follows: the Intentions and the Causes of the Monroe Doctrine.
Final Research Paper: the Intentions and the Causes of the Monroe Doctrine
In the nineteenth century the United States was greatly concerned about the European colonial expansion in Latin America, as it could lad to the negative results for the United States itself, their own sovereignty and foreign affairs. To avoid all these, the United States President – James Monroe developed and proclaimed the Monroe Doctrine on December 2, 1823. This research paper is intended to discover the Intentions and the Causes of the Monroe Doctrine.
The main provision of this Doctrine stated that
- The European colonial powers were forbidden by the USA to intervene in the territory and foreign of the newly established Latin American nations.
- The Doctrine proclaimed the neutral position of the United States of America in the European – colonial wars.
- But, if the wars between the US metropolis and the Latin American countries (privately considered as the US’ colonies) would appear any kind of war, determined by the disturbance of the USA’s interest, then the United States of America were allowed to wage the war against the Latin American countries and interfere in their internal and foreign affairs (Allman, 1984).
Therefore, it is possible for one to state that the Monroe Doctrine might be considered as the defining moment or the turning point of the United States’ foreign policy. Here one may provide different view points concerning the intentions and the purposes of the Monroe Doctrine. According to Higham, “The Monroe Doctrine affirmed that the US’s role as the supreme arbiter of the western hemisphere” (Higham, cited from Mowry, 2002, p. 78). As for Jerald A. Coombs, he asserted that, “The doctrine was more of a threat to Latin America, than it was a threat to Europe” (Coombs, 1981, p. 27).
Tracing the course of events profoundly connected with the usage of the Monroe Doctrine, one reaches the fact, when the militarily intervention of the United States of America to the sovereign Latin American States, with the purpose of the US’ hegemony plans fulfillment, was justified by the twisted interpretation of the Monroe Doctrine. Basically, if refer to Clark Memorandum’s (1928) main provisions the world community was told that the USA was obliged to invade the Latin American countries as they were befuddled by the Communist and Socialist Ideas, and thus were seen as the direct threat for the United States’ ideology (May, 2001).
Later on, while waging the Cold War with the Soviet Unions and its satellites (including Latin American countries, as well as the African countries, the Middle and Far East countries), the United States again used the twisted interpretation of the Monroe Doctrine to justify its acts of aggression toward peaceful countries, and to turn into life its hegemonic plans and ambitions. Nowadays, the Monroe Doctrine is not used so frequently to justify military operations that the USA is currently holding around the world; it is replaced by the new slogan, advanced (established) by the American politicians – democracy just in the American manner.
Allman, T.D. “The Doctrine That Never Was.” Harper’s Magazine. 1984: 14-18.
Coombs, Jerald A. “The Origins of the Monroe Doctrine: A survey of interpretations by U.S. Historians.” Australian Journal of Politics and History. 1981: 27.
May, Ernest R. Imperial Democracy. New York, NY: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., 2001.
Mowry, George E. The Era of Theodore Roosevelt. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 2002.