Yemen has become nowadays one of these states, inner problems of which can threaten the stability of the whole world. After a chain of serious protests and even military conflicts, the President of Yemen had to resign, leaving his state in a horrible state, however, still trying to save it and moving to Aden1. Reaction to these events was different. A great number of states have their own point of view. However, it is important to understand the position of some of them as being Yemens neighbors, they influence its policy greatly.
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Resting on these facts, it is necessary to analyze the position of the UAE as it is one of the most powerful states in the region. The first step of the government of the UAE was to stop any diplomatic relations with Yemen as its officials were taken as unconstitutional. However, having understood the importance of negotiations, the UAE reopened its embassy in Yemen.2 This step can be taken as a very positive shift in the relations of these two states. The UAE, of course, understands the weakness and instability of the new government3 however, its main aim is not to use military forces, but to try to solve this problem peacefully. In general, an attempt to regulate this question without using some brutal methods can be taken as the main guideline of the UAE in this region. It uses diplomacy as the main National Power to avoid another bloody military conflict in this devastated country and try to create some possible peaceful solution to this question. It is obvious, that the majority of the population does not support new forces, which now rule in Yemen. Moreover, a new conflict should not be provoked.
The UAE has a great number of different possibilities to influence the situation. Each state has four basic elements of national power, which can serve as remedies to control the present international situation. It is obvious, that the UAE should avoid usage of the military one as it will lead to new casualties. It is also clear, that now the UAE tries to use diplomacy as the main method and achieve success and mutual understanding. However, their attempts can also lead to the division of the country. Being not against the idea to make Aden the capital4, the Gulf and the UAE support the officials of the country who have their own interests5, forgetting about some problems which exist in the state. However, forces, which now have great power and influence in Yemen, also realize this need in negotiations6. Al-Quaeda released Saudi diplomat, who had been a hostage for several years7 This step can also signalize about the desire of this organization not to enter diplomatic relations.
Moreover, being one of the richest countries in the region and world, the UAE can also use its economic power to help Yemen and change the current situation. It is not a secret, that Yemen is one of the poorest states in the world and a great number of its problems are connected with extreme poverty. People are, of course, not satisfied with the current state of affairs and want some changes. That is why they are so aggressive and tired. Economic assistance can lead to the improvement of the existing situation and lowering of tension and aggression which exist between different layers of society in Yemen. Nevertheless, the informational element of the National Power of the UAE should also be actively used. International ties of the UAE can allow this country to highlight the situation, draw the attention of a great number of other countries to it and obtain new allies. Information rules the world and by using this element of National power the UAE can inform citizens of Yemen about the current state of affairs and gather their support, guaranteeing approval of any decision of the UAE in this conflict.
However, all these elements of National power should be interdependent and help each other to achieve a certain purpose. The informational element should be connected with a diplomatic and economic one. The UAE should not be the only side of negotiations and other countries of the region8 should be involved. Economic assistance can be suggested by some other countries, however, there are also should be some certain guaranties that this help will not be in vain and the situation could change for the better. Moreover, informing the rest of the world about the events which take place in Yemen, the UAE can get new allies and solve this problem faster.
Unfortunately, everything is not so ideal in practice. The problem is that each side of the conflict looks for its own benefits and is not ready to make a compromise and come to terms with some questions. However, it should be recommended that UAE not use the military element of national power, giving preference to diplomacy and economic ways of regulating the conflict. Further negotiations with all litigants should be organized in order to correct the existing situation. Moreover, economic assistance can help to improve conditions under which the majority of the population of Yemen lives.
- All-Khameri, Bassam. “Instability in IBB continues since Houthi control”. Yemen Times. Web.
- “Al-Qaeda in Yemen releases Saudi diplomat”. BBC News. Web.
- “GCC moves to legitimize Aden as Yemen’s capital”. All Monitor. Web.
- Nahkleh, Hany and Robert Sharp. “Yemen: Waiting for Hadi!”. International Policy Digest. Web.
- Salisbury, Peter. “Yemen and the Saudi–Iranian ‘Cold War’”. Chatham House. Web.
- “UAE reopens its Yemen embassy”. Khaleej Times. Web.
- Will. “Implementation Mechanism of the GCC Agreement”. The Yemen Peace Project. Web.
- “Yemen Conflict Alert: Time for Compromise”. Crisis Group. Web.
1Hany Nahkleh and Robert Sharp, “Yemen: Waiting for Hadi!”, International Policy Digest, Web.
2 “UAE reopens its Yemen embassy”, Khaleej Times, Web.
3. Bassam All-Khameri, “Instability in IBB continues since Houthi control”, Yemen Times, Web.
4 “GCC moves to legitimize Aden as Yemen’s capital”, All Monitor, Web.
5. Will, “Implementation Mechanism of the GCC Agreement”, The Yemen Peace Project, Web.
6 “Yemen Conflict Alert: Time for Compromise”, Crisis Group, Web.
7 “Al-Qaeda in Yemen releases Saudi diplomat”, BBC News, Web.
8. Peter Salisbury, “Yemen and the Saudi–Iranian ‘Cold War’”, Chatham House, Web.