In 1789, the Judiciary Act provided for the Supreme Court and defined members to hold office including a Chief Justice and five associate judges. During the same year, the first Traffic Act was enacted, Georgetown University began, first American advertisement for tobacco started, and Elijah Craig distilled the first bourbon whiskey in Kentucky.
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Alexander Hamilton, the Secretary of the Treasury issued the first report on public credit one year later in 1790. The House of Representatives voted to locate the capital along the Potomac River while the Congress established the US Patent office.
Ten amendments to the Bill of Rights were ratified, VT joined the union, and Thomas Paine published The Rights of Man in 1791. Thomas Jefferson resigned as secretary of State to become the head of Democratic-Republican Party in 1793. In 1794, George Washington sent troops to PA to avoid repetition of Shays Rebellion following the Whiskey Rebellion against high taxes. During the same year, The Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers (Shoemakers) organized the first American trade union.
In 1795, The Jay Treaty resolved the Anglo-American conflict, thereby averting war and the first railroad was built on the slopes of Bolton’s Beacon Hill. A year later, John Adams was elected the president while Congress passed the Public Land Act. However, later in 1800, the Harrison Land Act superseded the Public Land Act.
The first United States Navy ship was launched in 1797, but much happened a year later. Alien and Sedition Acts were passed to prevent dispute and growth of Democratic-Republican Party, a move rejected by Virginia and Kentucky. The Congress established the Marine Hospital Service, which was later transformed into the US Public Health Service, and the U.S and France engaged in the Quasi-War in the West Indies. George Washington later died in 1799.
In 1800, the Franco-American Convention ended the Quasi-War and freed the U.S from obligations to France from the Treaty of 1778. Thomas Jefferson was elected the president, and Aaron Burr, the Vice President (Adams & Harbert, 1986).
Between 1825 and 1848, there was a lot of expansion and reforms. The House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams President in 1825. Pierre Cabanne opened a trading post on Missouri river, which later became Omaha, and General Simon Perkins founded Akron.
In 1826, the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance was formed, Anti-Masonry became an organized movement, the silk industry received boost when first Chinese mulberry trees were planted by Gideon B. Smith, and the Lyceum Movement generated interest in arts, sciences, and public affairs in the eastern U.S under the stewardship of Josiah Holbrook. In 1827, Creek Indians have forced off their western Georgia lands and the area ceded to the U.S.
The Tariff of Abominations was passed in 1828, which the Southern States countered, with the Doctrine of Nullification in 1832. This gave states the right to overrule federal legislation, which contradicted their own. This year, Andrew Jackson was elected as the President, and Delaware and Hudson Canal opened to transport PA coal to New York and New England ports. The American Society for Encouraging Settlement in Oregon was founded to promote settlement.
The Liberator, an anti-slavery journal began publication in 1831, the year in which the first national Anti-Mason Convention was held. Andrew Jackson was re-elected president in 1832 after he had earlier vetoed rechartering of the Second Bank of the United States (Adams & Harbert, 1986). Americans in Texas voted to separate from Mexico in 1833, and in 1834, the U.S demanded Seminoles to leave Fluoride. The Whig Party, which was superseded by the Republican Party later (1854), developed opposition to Jackson.
The Republic of Texas was established in 1836, the same year Martin Van Burren was elected President. In 1837, a financial panic hit the U.S while tensions along US/Canada rose, and the country entered depression until 1843. The first underground railroad was organized in 1838 two years later, William Henry Harrison of the Whig Party won the Presidency in 1840 (Adams & Harbert, 1986).
Adams, H. & Harbert, E. N. (1986). History of the United States of America during the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson. New York: NY, Library of America.