The first Industrial Revolution took place at the turn of the 12th-20th century and gradually acquired a global character. This period seems the most interesting, as it is full of various events and changes. I am interested in the topic because, first of all, it was the first such event that started a global transformation. The industrialization process is associated not only with the massive transition from manual to machine labor but also with numerous social changes. Industrialization is also marked by an accelerated rate of urbanization and economic development. As a result of industrialization, a global transformation of the once agrarian society into an industrial one took place in an extremely short period. These factors make the topic critically important to consider since this event is a turning point in the life of human civilization.
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However, the most interesting question in connection with this process is why the Industrial Revolution occurred in England. Considering the reasons which allowed the British to succeed in industrialization earlier than others and their influence on global processes will also help describe the life of society at that time. Industrialization is associated with numerous social, economic, political, and even psychological aspects, each of which forms a separate cause. The study of their interactions and results is extremely interesting for understanding society at the turn of the XIII-XIX centuries. In particular, industrialization is also associated with the development of capitalist society, which is the dominant model today. Thus, this topic is also relevant for the examination of not only past but also present events.
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