The Great Gatsby shows the Jazz Age by depicting Gatsby’s luxurious parties. Accompanied by live jazz orchestras, they were typical for that period. Fitzgerald reflects on the material values and the struggle to get a higher social class in the book.
After World War I, the US had a period of incredible economic prosperity. This period of US history is also known as the “roaring twenties.” The name originates from the fact that it took place in the 1920s. Describing this era in his novel Fitzgerald coined the term “the Jazz Age.” He did it to reflect the vivid culture that developed in those years.
There was rapid economic growth, scientific breakthrough, and new technologies during that time. Along with mass production, it increased the wealth of many Americans. On the other hand, it led to consumerism development. And a prosperous society became engaged in new lifestyles revolving around sports, travel, and jazz. In addition, the concept of the American Dream emerged during this period. It became a distinct trait of the Jazz Age.
The readers can feel that The Great Gatsby is an authentic chronicle of the Jazz Age. It depicts people’s lifestyles in this period with detail. The luxurious parties held in Gatsby’s house were typical of that era. Gatsby invites as many guests into his fancy home as possible. His Rolls-Royce, plenty of liquor, a swimming pool, and a live orchestra playing jazz leave everyone amazed.
Besides, the novel reflects people’s attitudes of that period. For instance, it shows their struggles to get a higher social status. It is also connected to their obsession with money and wealth. Myrtle is an excellent example of a lower-class person who is focused on material values. She wants to get a better position in society. Her plan is to an affair with Tom, a wealthy man of high social status. Gatsby is concerned with improving his social status as well. But, he does it not for material gain but out of love for Daisy.