Frankenstein’s monster does not have a name in the book. He is often referred to by his creator’s name. The creature’s namelessness is an artistic device that emphasizes his loneliness and isolation.
Frankenstein’s monster is a fictional character of Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. Victor Frankenstein built it from old body parts and chemicals using alchemy and chemistry. The monster is an 8-foot-tall ugly creature with yellow skin, watery eyes, black lips, and prominent teeth. He becomes rejected by everyone he meets, including his maker, who flees from him in horror shortly after creating him.
The protagonist does not have a name. He is a “monster,” “wretch,” “devil,” “thing,” “ogre,” “fiend,” and “being.” When speaking to his creator, the monster calls himself the “Adam of your labors.” It is a reference to the first man created in the Bible. The scientist does not name his creation, calling him “fiend” or “Demon.” Decades after the novel’s publication, the name “Frankenstein” started to be used for the creature.
The monster’s namelessness is a powerful tool. It creates the image of the creature and develops the novel’s central theme. Victor’s refusal to name the beast symbolizes his complete rejection of his creation. The monster does not call himself because he feels that he is different from humans and cannot relate to them. Being rejected by his creator and excluded from society, he does not have anyone who would care for him to give him a name. Namelessness is used to dehumanize the monster and emphasize his isolation and inability to fit into society.