Two different landscapes show the world of contrast in Wuthering Heights. They are the everyday town and harsh moors in the house’s windows. It is the contradiction between Heights and Thrushcross Grange. The places and societies are compared through the landscape. Heathcliff is also frequently compared to the wintry landscape because of his destructiveness.
The landscape plays the central part in Wuthering Heights. It sets the scene for action and deepens the perception of the characters. The landscape is unique and different, even from the house itself. One window looks at the town and the other at the harsh and stony pastoral field. Such a distinction puts a specific accent on the economic difference in society and the class struggle. The world of Wuthering Heights at the top is incompatible with the world of Thrushcross Grange below. The countryside emphasizes the question of repression and the natural process of urbanization.
Second, the landscape is the mirror of the protagonists. Heathcliff is often compared to the surrounding scenery. He is cold and destructive, just as the rough, windy terrain. The surrounding cold stones and dry grass add up to the difficulty of the character. Heathcliff, Catherine, and Nelly fall sick due to the brutal weather of Wuthering Heights with its snow and rain. The landscape is not a usual beautiful garden. It consists of wild moors, which enforce the theme of passion and uncontrolled behaviors.