A novella is a short story, compared to more detailed narrative forms. There are not many characters, and it includes one storyline. It depicts an unexpected plot twist or ending. The Metamorphosis reveals the tragedy of a lonely person in the face of an absurd and meaningless fate.
In his work, Kafka created a unique art world. It’s an absurdist fiction. The symbols that permeate the whole story, starting from the name and ending with the final scene. Kafka wrote The Metamorphosis on December 7, 1912. The main character named Gregor Samsa is an ordinary salesman. He wakes up in the morning and discovers that he has turned into a hideous insect. “I cannot make you understand. I cannot make anyone understand what is happening inside me. I cannot even explain it to myself”.
This work’s theme is the change of an ordinary person into an insect. It makes the whole family despise and avoid him. The novella consists of three sections. The first one talks about Gregor’s transformation. Then, the second focuses on Gregor’s conflict with his father. The last part talks about Gregor’s death.
Kafka conveys to the reader that the character not only has turned into an insect. He has ceased to have authority in his family. The author does not express his attitude to what is happening but only describes the events. With many realistic details, Kafka complements the fantastic picture, turning it into a grotesque. The Metamorphosis is an unarguable expression of Kafka’s drama. This image has generalizing content. It expresses the tragic worldview of a person of the 20th century—a person who feels the external state’s pressure.