The goal of the essay
The primary goal of the essay is to discover the issues of women trafficking while reviewing the main role of the Coalition against Trafficking in Women and offering recommendations to enhance its working mechanism.
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Apart from living in the industrialized world, the concept of modern ‘slavery’ continues to exist due to the current gaps in legislation and functioning of organizations such as the Coalition against Trafficking in Women, and they have to be filled to reduce trafficking and prostitution worldwide.
Woman trafficking and prostitution
As it was mentioned earlier, prostitution and women trafficking can be considered as the major issues of the world, and these concepts were defined by the United Nations as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons using threat” and sexual exploitation (Nichols, 2016, p. 4).
Profiles of the main actors
The framework of trafficking includes several actors such as victims (the most vulnerable individuals including both children and women), offenders such as female pimps, who gain the trust of the young girls (“pimp-coerced female trafficking”), and the management (Nichols, 2016, p. 112).
Factors supporting trafficking and prostitution
Despite the significance of human rights in the modern world, the factors such as globalization, the lack of well-developed legal framework, insufficient functioning of non-governmental organizations against trafficking, and socio-economic inequality are the central forces that drive the growth of sex trafficking and prostitution (Rahman, 2011). For instance, for some females in Iran, prostitution is one of the most important sources of income, and it is essential for their survival (Hepburn & Simon, 2013).
The Coalition Against Trafficking in Women
The issue of sex trafficking was addressed in 2000 in the Palermo Protocol for the first time while social and economic factors encouraged the development of related legislation and the establishment of various international organizations such as the Coalition against Trafficking in Women in subsequent years (Wijers, 2015).
Duties of the organization
Nowadays, the Coalition against Trafficking in Women not only focuses on decreasing the levels of sex trafficking and prostitution internationally but also organizes various events and educational sessions to increase the awareness of the population about this social issue (Nichols, 2016).
Gaps in the functioning of the Coalition against Trafficking in Women
Nonetheless, different gaps that question the effectiveness of the actions of the selected organization tend to exist, and they pertain to the limited coverage of the program and the insufficient participation in policy-making.
Recommendations to the organization
Based on the factors highlighted above, the organization can contribute to resolving the issues of prostitution and women trafficking by expanding its geographical boundaries and activities. At the same time, actively participating in policy development while including opinions of the affected individuals is another approach to avoid gender bias (Wijers, 2015).
In the end, apart from the well-developed legal framework and a significant number of non-governmental organizations against sex trafficking, this issue continues to exist due to globalization and gaps in the legal system. In this case, the example of the Coalition against Trafficking in Women revealed that the limited geographical coverage and not active participation in the policy development are the main reasons for the rising levels of sex trafficking, and they can be resolved by improving content and coverage of programs and active involvement of affected individuals in the policy-making process.
Hepburn, S., & Simon, R. (2013). Human trafficking around the world: Hidden in plain sight. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Nichols, A. (2016). Sex trafficking in the United States: Theory research, policy, and practice. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Rahman, M. (2011). Human trafficking in the era of globalization: The case of trafficking in the global market economy. Transience Journal, 2(1), pp. 54-70.
Wijers, M. (2015). Purity, victimhood and agency: Fifteen years of the UN Trafficking Protocol. Anti-Trafficking Review, 1(4), 56-79.