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The study of extraversion and the need for achievement. Essay

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Updated: Dec 19th, 2018

Extraversion is a personal characteristic that is opposed to introverts and has been known to show higher levels of activity and output. Extraverts are considered to more outgoing, talkative, and social and are focused on the stimuli that are outside of their own self and understanding. Extraverts have shown a high need for achievement in almost any field. As extraverts tend to be happier and outgoing, their need for self achievement is greatly higher than those of other people (Vitterso 92).

Hypothesis: the study will determine how much more are extraverts outgoing and achieving than people that are not either extraverts or introverts.

Procedure: to determine levels of achievement for extraverts a part of the study will analyze person’s behavior in an educational institution. Another part of the study will look at the amount of work someone has completed in their job. Several workplaces will be consulted, more specifically local supermarket, a restaurant and a mechanics shop.

Conclusion: the expected results will show that extraverts are more determined in their education and professional careers and have a higher achievement rate than people who do not qualify themselves as extraverts.

Abstract: the study of extraverts that was meant to show the correlation between achievement level and personal characteristics determined that people who are outgoing, have a higher level of achievement, as well the amount of work is significantly increased (Huang 1130).

Introduction: Extraversion, a personal characteristic has shown to influence how a person behaves in both social and private settings. The output of their efforts is much higher that of other people and their need for achievement is directly related to their personal characteristics.

Method: the study looked at an educational institution where students were given a questionnaire where they self-evaluated their determination and needs for achievement. The criteria were divided into low achievement, medium, high and extra high. They also evaluated themselves in private setting versus social. The information was gathered from their peers, friends and professors. In a private setting, the questionnaires were given to their parents and siblings.

Their achievement determination was also compared to their marks and the amount of social groups and extracurricular activities they participated in. In a work environment the employee was given a form where they have filled in the amount of hours they work per week and in a month. Overtime was a major determinant of the achievement. The employer was consulted on the personal input of the employee with the amount of ideas and personal determination to work extra.

Results: the results of the study have shown a direct correlation between extraversion and the need for achievement. Students have shown increased extracurricular activities and participation in the class. The professors have provided statistics that displayed the amount of time they have spent after class and the individual determination to help prepare the materials for the next study.

Personal questionnaires and statistics of time spent in a private and social setting showed positive and increased scores. The study of work environment and achievement has produced similar results, where extraverts would have an increase in work hours, overtime, early work arrival and late leave. Also employer’s data has shown a higher than usual participation of individuals in the company’s matters and implementation of new ideas.

Discussion: It is clear that people with an extravert quality have higher levels of activity, have the need to participate in more aspects of social and private lives than those who do not think of themselves as extraverts. The interesting fact is that extraverts primarily, have a personal need to do more and no one influences their decision. The basis for such behavior is psychological and social, mostly centered on the environment and biological predisposition (Sojka 183).

Works Cited

Huang, Xu. “The Impact of Subordinate-Supervisor Similarity in Growth-Need Strength on Work Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Perceived Similarity”. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 27.8 (2006): 1121-1148. Print.

Sojka, Jane. “Need for Cognition and Affective Orientation as Predictors of Sales Performance: An Investigation of Main and Interaction Effects”. Journal of Business and Psychology. 22.3 (2008): 179-190. Print.

Vitterso, Joar. “The Conceptual and Relational Structure of Subjective Well-Being, Neuroticism, and Extraversion: Once Again, Neuroticism Is the Important Predictor of Happiness”. Social Indicators Research. 57.1 (2002): 89-118. Print.

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IvyPanda. (2018) 'The study of extraversion and the need for achievement'. 19 December.

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