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California is the third-largest state in United States situated in the western coastal region. It is a well-developed state with various activities as well as having high population of around 37 million people. In this state, there is a well and organized water distribution system for water utilization as compared to the other states of the United States. Nowadays, California has various water reservoirs- one of the advantages the state has, becoming the leading agricultural state in United States as well as worldwide. With well-developed water reservoirs, storage and formation of many projects, California transformed its natural resources as well as desertification environment into a productive farmland (Carle, 33-46).
There is less rainfall in California and most cities in this state receive less than 20 inches of rainfall yearly. The economy of California State has grown rapidly due to the presence of well-distributed water systems in most cities within the state. The distributed water comes from industries, developers and manufacturers within the state. Well-organized water distribution plants from different cities have distributed quality water to their customers, giving a reputation to the distribution system body in California States. The harnessing and capturing of water in dams, reservoirs and rerouting it in concrete rivers within the cities of California has made the distribution bodies feel proud (Outwater, 5-16).
It is useful to take and use treated water every time as directed by health bodies in the medical department in our homes. This helps to control water-borne diseases like cholera and typhoid that affect a number of people within a given area. Water in California State sometimes exposes to chemicals from industries as well as sewages that carry harmful microorganisms, which are vulnerable to an outbreak of diseases. However, many plants in California State use high technology to ensure that water distributed is of higher quality before it reaches the consumers’ tap. Microbial found deep in water supply distribution systems are threats to water channels hence, the results in water quality degradation (Geldreich, 45-62).
Larger plants have abilities to treat water acidity, alkalinity, color, hardness, taste and odor through their own laboratories, before supplying their products to customers. Meanwhile, most plants use basic techniques when treating water by applying fluoride to regulate tooth decay in water drainage. All these methods of water treatment vary from one community to the other due to the contamination of the different systems realized within different cities in California State.
Most piping systems installed in California State use polybutylene, galvanized, copper and kites pipes. Meanwhile, copper is widely used in piping systems. It is strong and lasts for a longer period of around 25 to 50 years. The level of acidity in water affects copper piping systems by creating leakages; hence, the distributors through water treatment programs control this problem. In 2005, California water distribution systems enacted an amendment code by setting copper PVC as the standard plumbing material to use when doing piping installation. The results of the research made showed that copper was portable to hot and cold water (Frankel, 66-87).
Many plants associated with water distribution uses natural gases to provide pressure in the piping systems. Many plants use complex standard delivery pressure systems to control the cost of piping within the state. Meanwhile, the engagement of water distribution Companies into the provision of high-pressurized water to their clients has regulated the size and the cost of gas piping, leading to the growth of economy in the California state. The use of pressurized systems in water distribution is less costly as compared to electricity.
California State uses air tankers when fighting against fire. The S2 tankers drop retardant foam: hence, water does not mix with retardant foam. This is the most efficient system since it consumes less time when fighting fire in most cities in California State. However, hydrants water may be applicable in those areas far from offshore and lakes. The hydrant affects water piping systems as well as reservoirs by contaminating water- a threat that results in the outbreak of water-borne diseases (Heyden, 72-93).
Overall, being a desert state in United States, California has emerged as one of the leading agricultural states in the world. The cities of California have developed well-organized water distribution systems that serve their communities. The economy of California State has grown rapidly due to the presence of well-distributed water systems in most cities within the state. However, many plants in California State use high technology to ensure that water distributed is of higher quality before it reaches the consumer’s tap. Copper PVC is a standard plumbing material used when doing the piping installation
The level of acidity in water affects copper piping systems by creating leakages; hence, the distributors through water treatment programs control this problem. Many plants use basic techniques when treating water by applying fluoride to regulate tooth decay in water drainage. The hydrants water system is applicable in those areas far from offshore and lakes; since most parts of the state uses S2 tankers to fight against fire outbreaks.
Carle, D. Introduction to Water in California (California Natural History Guides). United States: University of California Press. 2009.
Frankel, M. Facility Piping Systems Handbook: For Industrial, Commercial, and Healthcare Facilities. United Kingdom: McGraw-Hill Professional. 2009.
Geldreich, E. Microbial quality of water supply in distribution systems. United Kingdom: 1996.
Heyden, V. Description of Fire Engines with Water Hoses and the Method of Fighting Fires Now Used in Amsterdam. New York: Science History Publisher. 1996. Outwater, A. Water: A Natural History. California: Basic Books. 1996.