Different approaches to the division of the society are relevant today, and one of these principles is the gender difference. In particular, the role of women is the issue that is periodically raised and discussed, and various opinions are expressed regarding inequality and the infringement of rights. The works of different authors, aimed at studying human anthropology as the basis for relationships among individuals, can give an answer to the question of what constitutes the background of difference and inequality. Specific studies demonstrate the impact of the gender difference on women’s health and the healthcare system as a whole.
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Moore’s Criticisms of Anthropology
In traditional anthropology, as Moore claims, the woman was present as a secondary object of field research; the empirically observed specificity of her social position and worldview was not reflected on the level of theory. In the works of anthropologists, regardless of their gender, the male model of the studied reality dominated the inevitable periphery of women’s problems. The author criticizes the opposition of productive, that is, the male, and reproductive (female) labor, which has become established in the scientific literature. Moore considers this view as erroneous and deliberately works to avoid prevailing anthropological stereotypes.
Lorde’s and Moore’s Concepts of Difference
Moore’s works relate to feminist anthropology and are aimed primarily at achieving the equality of women from the class point of view and the ability to take equal participation with men in the social life. Lorde focuses more on the topic of racial discrimination and pays attention to equality in terms of origin. Moore notes that the relationship between sexes is seen as the dominant principle of social life, and the study of these relationships is accepted as a starting point for any anthropological analysis. Lorde notes that the opportunities of women and men should not be limited to racial context, and the desire for equality is the key point of the struggle for justice. These theses are advanced by the authors, and despite similar ideas and ultimate goals, approaches differ in their implementation.
Examples of Anthropological Research on Women’s Health and Healthcare
The achievement of results in the field of healthcare as a whole and, in particular, women’s health, can be interpreted from different perspectives. Thus, it is possible to consider the concept of anthropological equality where, regardless of sex and physiology, individuals are entitled to receive equal medical care. Also, Moore’s research can be useful in evaluating the results of work on the use of both male and female labor in the healthcare sector with the aim of having equal conditions and opportunities. Lorde’s approaches focus on the identical rights to count on medical assistance regardless of people’s race.
Finally, taking gender equality into account in terms of sexual orientation can benefit the healthcare system to help all categories of the population without exception, including sexual minorities. All these examples show that women’s health can be improved if no bias is manifested.
The impact of gender inequality on women’s health and the healthcare system is documented in the works of some authors. Anthropological approaches to the study of women’s opportunities in the society explain the various causes of inequality, the ways they manifest themselves, and the principles of combating this phenomenon. Some examples show that women’s health can be improved if the society does not support stereotypes regarding the dominance of one sex over the other.