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Physical and Chemical Properties of Copper

The first stage is mining and the copper sulfide minerals which are concentrated with low-grade ores, electrolytic refining, and smelting are done in order to have a pure cathode of copper.
  • Subjects: Geology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 447

Gene One: IPO Strategy

After careful analysis of what has been achieved within the current infrastructure of Gene One, the founding members of Gene One and the current board members are in agreement with the idea that Gene One [...]
  • Subjects: Agriculture
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1215

The Life in Hawaii Then and Now

One could also find that even though efforts were made to develop all these Hawaiian islands into tourist centers, the transport facility, the traffic system, and the educational system of Hawaii remained the same, causing [...]
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 818

Oxidation and Reduction

The amount of oxygen present in the atmosphere and the nature of the material it comes in contact with determine the process of oxidation.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 1486

Critical Study of “Bluetail and Striped Body”

The experiments by Hawlena et al.were designed to determine whether lizards deposit detectable levels of ontogenetic changes lacertids in their shed skins, similar to the disposition of these agents into the infant costume of striped [...]
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1395

Anaerobic respiration

One of the main differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration is that in anaerobic respiration, there is only a partial breakdown of sugar.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1274

The Term “Discovery”, Its Usage and Understanding

This means, a well-substantiated and discovery, followed by the spread of the corresponding information, eliminates the necessity for each person to test the validity of the discovery and to obtain experience in this area: for [...]
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1785

Activation Energy Barrier Definition

Any chemical reaction has a transitional state, which is characterized by a high level of available energy and can be described as a state of interacting molecules that corresponds to the peak of the activation [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 629

El Niño: Weather Phenomenon Turned Global Scourge

Although the oscillation is most evident and consistent in the Tropical Pacific, research has shown that global weather patterns are also reliably influenced; and that the effects, like the modes of the oscillation in the [...]
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 1019

The Solventless Reaction: The Aldol Reaction Condensation

To explore the base-catalyzed aldol condensation between 3, 4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde, and 1-indanone under solvent-free conditions; To purify the product through recrystallization; To evaluate the melting point of the product.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 582

Introduction to Microbiology: Escherichia Coli

This type of E.coli is included in a class of dangerous E.coli, called enterohemorrhagic.E.coli O157:H7 was discovered in 1982, during a severe outbreak of bloody diarrhea, associated with the consumption of contaminated hamburgers. The hemolytic [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2465

Radiocarbon C14 Dating in Marine Geology

The radiocarbon technique can say to be one of the most important inventions of the 20th century, especially in the field of human science.
  • Subjects: Geology
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1969

Milton Friedman: Famous Nobel Laureate Economist

In the second half of the twentieth century, most of the economists and experts have considered Milton Friedman as one of the most influential and dominant personalities in the fields of economics, as well as, [...]
  • Subjects: Formal Sciences
  • Pages:
  • Words: 2359

Relationship Between Illness and Digust Sensitivity

However there is a gap in the knowledge base to prove the relation between disgust sensitivity, illness and health in human beings, which the current study considered to prove as hypothesis.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1687

Physical Anthropology Concepts

The most attractive feature of the offered application is the topic of the research, i.e.hunting and agricultural activities of the North American Indians.
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 311

Herdt’s Contribution to the Anthropology of Gender and Sexuality

To understand his comprehensive contribution to the field of anthropology of gender and sexuality this paper analysis his research on "ritualized homosexuality" and "boy insemination" in terms of these theories implications on scientific understanding of [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 804

Benefits of Ionizing Radiation

Finally, ionizing radiation is used in PET where radioactive material is injected into the patient to track the metabolism activity and circulation of the brain.
  • Subjects: Physics
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 1073

The Period of Religious Crisis

In addition the growth in the number of smaller cities meant that in countries which lacked a major metropolis, there was a considerable increase in the proportion of the population living in urban areas, however [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages:
  • Words: 1763

Mutagenicity and Carcinogenicity Testing

Tier 1 or core in vitro genotoxicity assays, as mentioned above, are anchored on the detection of mutagenicity in bacterial cells and chromosomal aberrations or injury in mammalian cells.
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1047

A Comparison Between China and the USA

After the bringing down of the iron curtain and the fast progress under globalization, this distinction has been reduced to that of degrees, with China all set to assume the role of leading economic power [...]
  • Subjects: Countries Studies
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1095

Mung Seed Germination Patterns under Varying pH Values

In both sets of experiments, all three sets of seeds in each experiment were subjected to three variant pH value conditions while the other germinating conditions were maintained at optimal levels.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 801

The Status of Pluto Needs to Remain as a Planet

It was rotation of the solar nebulae that prevented the collapse of all the matter of the nebulae into the protosun and the matter within the solar nebulae that did not collapse into the protosun [...]
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages:
  • Words: 2817

Cyclic Voltammetry Method

Cyclic voltammetry is described by smooth increase of a working electrode potential from one potential limit to the other and back.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1045

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Although the use of proton NMR has been applied for the determination of trace components such as the residual hydrogen in D2 O, the mixtures of dinitrotoluene, and the mixtures of drugs, its great merits [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 3653

The United States’ Eugenics Movement

Eugenics is a term used to describe a process that is implemented in hopes of creating a better race of humans through the genes the parent generation passes down to the offspring.
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 13
  • Words: 4207

Understanding Sexual Selection

We realize that high species richness is not linked to one of the particular assumptions, sexual selection, alone but sexual selection may be linked to species extinction rates.
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2389

Stem Cells Biology: Features and Researchs

Stem cells are cells that have the capacity to subdivide into other cells. The second property of stem cells is that they can develop into specialized cells in the differentiation process.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1492

Linking Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift

Plate tectonics is a hypothetical movement of earth's crust plates: a theory that ascribes continental drift, volcanic and seismic activity, and the formation of mountain belts to moving plates of the Earth's crust supported on [...]
  • Subjects: Geology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 847

Pfiesteria Piscicida: Classification and Analysis

Pfiesteria piscicida is a single-cell, a microscopic organism found in the environment for millions of years. 8S regions agree to the placement of Pfiesteria in the Peridiniales or a group between the Peridiniales and the [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1704

Brody’s Study of Indians in British Columbia Review

With the all-consuming desire to get a race of people on to the road of development, there is a complete wiping away of customs, traditions and simple living that have been the mainstay of the [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages:
  • Words: 1241

Importance of Knowing Chemistry

When it comes to seeing, the photoreceptors that are located in the eye carry the message and relay it to the brain.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 766

The Importance of Mitochondria and Their Purpose

This involves a furrowing of the inner and then the outer membrane as if someone was pinching the mitochondria. Of course, the mitochondria must first multiply itself several times as their DNA.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 676

Brazil vs Nicaragua: Country Comparison

The country has major problems especially on the soil erosion that is caused by the cultivation of annual crops on the highlands steep slopes and also the depletion of the forests for wood products and [...]
  • Subjects: Countries Studies
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2660

Prions as Novel Infectious Agent

The most common TSE diseases include the Mad Cow Disease in cattle, Scrapie in sheep, and Chronic Wasting Disease in deer, elk, and moose."Different regions of the brain are affected by different prions".
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1435

Evolution of Finches on Two Islands

The Beak Size directly influences the population of the finches, as the initial circumstances, set for both islands include the prevalence of hard seeds over soft seeds, and as the bigger beak mostly suits for [...]
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 918

No to Cloning for Medical Research

Those who do not subscribe to cloning for biomedical research believe that the embryo is in fact "one of us"; a human life in process an equal member of the species "Homo Sapiens" in the [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages:
  • Words: 1452

“Why Evolution Is True” by Jerry Coyne

Regardless of the existence of numerous pieces of evidence proving the theory of evolution, there are still adherers of the creationism stating that the world with all its animals, nature, and people originated from the [...]
  • Subjects: Evolution of Humans
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2788

Critical Analysis of Photovoltaic Breakthrough Case

One of the important hires was Linda Choate, a Ph.D.in Physics from Stanford, who during earlier rotations chanced upon Frank Harlan's solar cell and was able to calculate and predict the maximum theoretical efficiency of [...]
  • Subjects: Physics
  • Pages: 12
  • Words: 3236

Global City Status Issue

The following are features of a global city; the first feature is that of the city being international that is well known all over the world.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2274

Discussion of Cuttlefish: Is It a Fish?

While it appears to swim with the aid of delicate-looking fins that line its sides much like the fish uses its fins top and bottom to help propel it through the water, the cuttlefish has [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages:
  • Words: 522

Movies and Statistical Data as Research Sources

The first scene that lasts over twenty minutes shows the tragedy of the war as it was, with minute elements described and all the agony of soldiers revealed.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1109

The Golden Lion Tamarin: Specie Status

The golden lion tamarin is one of the most endangered monkeys today. As with most of the activities in the day, sleeping is also done in groups.
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1340

Population Growth and World Hunger Links

I recommends teachers who teach mathematics to liberal arts to try these teaching strategies and test how the performances of their students will greatly improve.
  • Subjects: Math
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1125

Mathematics, Its Growth and Influences on It

Paul finally stated that mathematics can only develop if individuals will is enhanced.[10] In conclusion, the development of mathematics is based on individual cultural and social practices which also enhance the spread and understanding of [...]
  • Subjects: Math
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 770

Artificial Manipulation of DNA Technology

There is microinjection of genes in the zygote pronuclear and the other technique is by injecting the stem cells of the embryo into blastocoels.
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 1557

The Scope of Use of Chromatography

In conclusion, the scope of use of chromatography is wide and through chromatography the study of chemistry has been made a much more rich experience.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 708

Clifford Geertz’s Contribution Anthropology Summary

There are important personalities that offered their knowledge and career in the study of the patterns and ideas related to the way people live and interact in the society in relation to a dynamic interplay [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1018

Astronomy: Ancient History of Science

At the very center was the sphere of Earth; around it, the shell of water, then the shell of air, and finally the shell of fire.
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1473

Physicist Ralph A. Alpher and His Big Bang Theory

Even after that, the man now firmly recognized as the pioneering architect of the Big Bang Theory for the origin of the universe was denied recognition and honor for his discovery until he was literally [...]
  • Subjects: Physics
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 467

Importance of Parks in Modern Cities

Since the establishment of the idea of public parks by Frederick Law Olmsted over 100 years ago, the role of parks in modern cities becomes more and more significant.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 648

The Life of James Oglethorpe

He is credited with the founding of the colony of Georgia, which was motivated by his desire to resettle the poor lot in England, especially the prisoners convicted of debts, into America.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1099

Infectious Bacterial Identification From DNA Sequencing

The first is the preparation of the DNA sequence and matching it with the database of known DNA sequences. Given below is a screenshot of the process PCR Amplification: To prepare the polymerase chain reaction, [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 1030

“The Egg and the Sperm” by Emily Martin Critique

She goes on to describe the way that the ova is represented as passive and waiting for the active sperm to penetrate; drawing on more recent research which shows that the sperm's force is not [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 12
  • Words: 2577

Mountain Pine Beetles Review

The trees attack begin with the injured trees, trees with in poor site, infected trees in the roots or stem, fire damaged trees, overcrowded trees and the very old trees during the first stage of [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2394

Microwave Heater: Advantages and Disadvantages

This technology is mainly used in the processing of intermediate and high moisture foods when individual factors fail to hinder the growth of undesirable microorganisms.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 566

A Precious Stone Is a Diamond

The melting of rocks in the mantle, or the upper surface of the earth, provides carbon that makes up the diamonds.
  • Subjects: Geology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 515

Endangered Silverback Gorillas

Central Africa is the only place where mountain gorillas can be found, and the area of concern is confined to about 780 square kilometers of medium altitude forests northwest of Rwanda, southwest of Uganda, and [...]
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 12
  • Words: 3536

Gene Delivery Methods Analysis

This method is one of the successful physical methods of gene delivery, which have shown good results and a 10 to 20 fold increase in the permeation of the genetic material.
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2767

Cosmology and Astronomical Observation

Although the proton, neutron, electron, and possibly the neutrino are the most important of the elementary particles in the present universe, there are many others.
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1964

Drug Delivery. Simulated Intestinal Fluids Development

As the use of physiological conditions in Caco-2 cell transport studies affects the transport of compounds, the general purpose of the research "was to identify a simulated intestinal fluid containing physiological relevant surfactants and nutrients [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2244

Targeted Gene Therapy: A Fantasy or a Reality?

The non-viral methods helped by increasing the simplicity of the introduction of the DNA into the body, the relatively less costly making of the drugs, and the absence of any immune response common to the [...]
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 2403

Selfhood in C. Laderman’s and C. Levi-Strauss’s Works

His books include The Raw and the Cooked, The Effectiveness of Symbols, The Savage Mind, Structural Anthropology and Totemism. Laderman describes her feelings under the trance in such a way: As the vibrations of the [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 15
  • Words: 3541

Austrian Geography

The high mountainous Alps in the west of Austria surrounds somewhat into low lying lands and valleys in the east of the country.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 561

Corn Kernel Color Genetics

The report provides a study done for the trait of corn color for a monohybrid cross of two breeds of corn plants. The paper has examined the distribution of the dominant and recessive color of [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 485

Cat`s Feline Characteristics

Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats is a lovely and entertaining look at the amusing antics of cats and the foibles of people.
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1956

Growing Mold Recommendations

As for the fourth piece of bread, I put half of it in the dark warm place, on the top of the fridge in a paper bag, and the other half I put in the [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 593

How Europe Underdeveloped Africa

For example, the highly centralized polities of Bunyoro and Buganda, located to the north of Lake Victoria, were the result of migrations, beginning in about the sixteenth century, of Lwo-speaking peoples originating in the territories [...]
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1159

Content Analysis Technique Review

Actually, the term 'content' in content analysis is something of a misnomer because verbal materials may be examined for content, form, function or sequence of communication. Reporter sex may play a role in the selection [...]
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 547

Whiteness Studies Importance and Impact

As a result of the establishment of the racial differences in the society, conflicts and debate arose on the fairness and the long-term feasibility of the white people's domination.
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1072

Mathematics: Individual and Cultural Influences

It seeks to answer the question of "what matters most, the individual or the culture?" "What is the net result of having a great mathematician without a community to endorse and support his work?" "On [...]
  • Subjects: Math
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 572

El-Nino as a Meteorological Phenomena

The strongest precipitation signal of ENSO is for wetter conditions during the winter following the El Nino peak, over the Gulf Coast of the United States and northern Mexico.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1454

Muslim Society, Life Meaning, and Discrimination

In order to engage in the issue of marriage, every Muslim is supposed to have an understanding of the marriage rights and obligations in order to be fit and qualified into the act.
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 734

Musical Expression and Sexual Selection

It is through the advent of evolutionary psychology that we are able to describe 'human nature' in context with the cognitive and emotional mechanisms of the contemporary human mind.
  • Subjects: Evolution of Humans
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2978

Environmental Issues in Hamilton Harbor

As a result, a better option would be to side with the government and contain the toxins in a landfill in the region by capping them.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 945

Re-Imagining New York: The Rise of Culture

It is very hard to trace the origin of the culture of a given society due to the complexity of people's in their originations and interactions between different persons of the world.
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 646

Biology. Cell Analogy – Nucleus + Nucleolus

The DNA is similar in every cell of the body, but depending on the specific cell type, some genes may be turned on or off - that's why a liver cell is different from a [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 557

Sexual Selection Theory by Charles Darwin

The study was able to establish that accessory gland size exhibited positive allometry and males with larger accessory glands were more likely to copulate suggesting that larger size in this trait is favored by sexual [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1307

Doctoral Research Methods in the Management Field

To observe the accepted values and basis for research in strategic management, the author offer models for research and writing and these include the use of case studies, specialization, case analysis, and theory development.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 704

Doctoral Research Methods in Business Management

To examine the dynamics of affective experience and its effects on decision-making in a real-life setting, the authors developed and ran an Internet-based stock investment simulation.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 807

Mathematics and Business Relationship

When slack time exists between the end of one task and the start of another, the usual method is to draw a broken or dotted line between the end of the first task and the [...]
  • Subjects: Math
  • Pages: 14
  • Words: 2480

The Math Life: Mathematicians and Science

This paper analyzes the main features of the dramatic transformation of science during this period by the example of lives and activities of six mathematicians, E.H.
  • Subjects: Math
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 934

Shrinking Cities and Understanding of the City Issue

But with the new invention of the Shrink phenomenon, the awareness of these cities and the problems they are having is increasing, but moreover, a debate is raised regarding how to plan and design cities [...]
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 9
  • Words: 4558

Cultural Relativism: Living in Harmony With Nature

Relativism calls on to perceive the nature and its inhabitants as neighbors; if it goes about the animals people should try not only to respect but also to protect them from dangerous influence of the [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 573

Fiber Optics: Definition, Types, Benefits

A fiber-optic system will consist of a transmitting device that generates a light signal, an optical fiber cable that acts as the medium for carrying the light, and a receiver on the other end to [...]
  • Subjects: Physics
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 548

Skeletal Muscle Physiology Using the Gastrocnemius of a Frog

Normally a muscle contraction begins with an action potential from the CNS through an alpha motor neuron, which is then responsible for transmitting an action potential down its own axon to the motor endplate resulting [...]
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1177

Near-Earth Objects and Planetary Defences

A major watershed in understanding was crossed in 1980 with the suggestion that an extraterrestrial impact was responsible for the massive extinction of life known to have occurred about 65 million years of age at [...]
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 3104

Cultural Anthropology. Islam: Origin and Beliefs

Its application in the Islam religion is meant to apply to the submission of people to the supreme supernatural being. There was a god of the moon, the sun goddess, and the god of the [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 988

“The Most Important Fish in the Sea” by Joe Dupree

The article under consideration focuses on the disaster that shark populations have faced: the present collapse of great shark populations is worse than any in the known history of the ancient predators.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 568