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Microbial Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Impact

Microbes have a vital role in the pharmaceutical industry, being used in the production of antibiotics, probiotics, vaccines, and quality tests to prevent microbial contamination of the medicine developed.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 312

Titration of Acids and Bases

To determine the concentration, the molality of NaOH solution was calculated assuming that at the equivalence point, the number of millimoles of NaOH equals the number of millimoles of KHP.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 304

Admirable Traits in Dogs

The candidates are not limited to humans and other dogs, and animals such as cats have been known to be under the protection of dogs.
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 572

The Concept of Rotational Speed

The formula for angular momentum or inertia of rotation is as follows: The formula for an extremely small object in comparison with rotational speed is: Using this information, the video's creator goes on to describe [...]
  • Subjects: Physics
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 286

The Concept of Science Fraud

The topic chosen for this examination is science fraud because it affects the community and perception of the general public in regards to the reliability and trustworthiness of experiments and researches.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 552

Islamic Anthropology and Theoretical Frameworks

This is the basis of his contribution to the anthropology of Islam, highlighting that the religion is best seen as a set of interpretive resources and practices based on texts and methodologies that Muslims view [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1391

The Phenomenon of Gamma-Ray Bursts

Studies have suggested that the intense radiation generated during a burst originates from the collapse of a high-mass star, which results in the formation of either a black hole or a neutron star. Astronomers have [...]
  • Subjects: Space Studies
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1135

Central African Republic’s History and Economy

The agricultural sector of the state economy remains the most developed one and the majority of citizens work in it. However, regardless of the existence of these factors, there are still many problems that affect [...]
  • Subjects: Countries Studies
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1974

Scientific Fraud and Its Implications

It can be argued that scientific fraud is a severe problem due to its impact on the perception of the work that scientists do and the appraisal of individuals who act unethically.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1123

Sri Lanka’s Modernization and Restructuring

A professed abolishment of the caste system, heavy Buddhist influences, and a powerful president, who holds the roles of both head of government and commander-in-chief of the country's armed forces, are all Sri Lankan realities.
  • Subjects: Countries Studies
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1114

Viruses: Are They Living or Non-Living?

I would like to outline the key characteristics of a living thing from a biological standpoint and show how viruses do not meet these criteria.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 293

Genetic Disorders: The Turner and Down Syndromes

The disease is a result of overexpression of 310 genes, and as a randomly occurring disorder, it is neither recessive nor dominant and is not linked to a gender-defining chromosome.
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 580

Anthropology: Organizational Culture

Furthermore, such cultural interventions come from the assumption that cultures have absolute value and that "the 'right kind of culture will influence how effective the organization is".
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 236

Anthropology: Culture of Poverty

These dimensions are "the relationship [with] the larger society; the nature of the slum community; the nature of the family; and the attitudes, values, and character of the individual".
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 388

Acids, Bases and Buffers in Real-Life Applications

The main difference between acidic and basic solutions is the concentration of hydrogens ions: for the former, it is higher than that of pure water, and for the latter, it is lower.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 812

Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Key Differences

Furthermore, upon the analysis of the differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, one can develop a proper understanding of the environment that is required for the correct functioning of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 848

Research Methodology and Studies in Tourism Business

Having to participate in discussions also meant that I had to review and research topics independently, and I found that this process assisted me in understanding especially challenging issues. Finally, I can say that this [...]
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 572

Bacteria and Their Positive and Negative Effects

However, the described assumption is quite far from the truth, with a significant number of bacteria being not only useful but also essential to the functioning of the human body and the sustenance of life.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 335

Public Safety: Qualitative and Quantitative Studies

The qualitative exploration of public safety was implemented by Choong et al.for the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the US Department of Commerce on the topic of first responders.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 562

Glycolysis Process and Regulation

Glycolysis is the first step in cellular respiration, and it is an anaerobic process that takes place outside of mitochondria. In this step, the phosphate group is detached and taken in by ADP, turning it [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 295

DNA Replication as a Semiconservative Process

The process of DNA replication has been studied extensively as the pathway to understanding the processes of inheritance and the possible platform for addressing a range of health issues occurring as a result of DNA [...]
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 800

Livestock Food Production Issues

The failure to address animal welfare, health, and environmental concerns, as well as the intensification of livestock farming, contributes to the exasperation of challenges associated with livestock food production.
  • Subjects: Agriculture
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1119

Geospiza Finches as a Form of Natural Selection

Researching the hybrid offspring of two different Geospiza species may allow delineating some of the existing trends in evolution and speciation, as well as clarifying the views of prominent contributors to evolutionary theory.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 299

Why Human Genetics Is Important

One should learn about his or her genetics not only because of curiosity, but because the results of genetic examinations are of great practical importance for medicine and health.
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 306

Plasmids, Their Characteristics and Role in Genetics

Some plasmids, such as the F-plasmid, have the ability to exist in bacterial cells in two states, which are physically independent of the chromosome and integrated with the chromosome.
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 311

KHT Solubility Experiment: Lab Report

Thus, the calculated molarity of NaOH is used to compute the molar solubility of KHT, which is the quantity of KHT moles that are liquefied in every liter before saturation level.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1322

Osmotic Pressure

In Figure 1, the osmotic pressure is the pressure that needs to be applied to the left water column to stop further flow of the solvent into the solution.
  • Subjects: Physics
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1114

Artificial Neural Network and Its Performance

On the other hand, the main objective of effectors is to change the electric compulsions, which the neural network creates into apparent responses as a way of establishing the system outputs.
  • Subjects: Math
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 2704

The Balearic Islands

The Balearic Islands are a Spanish archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. After the Spanish War of Succession, in 1715, the islands were occupied by the Bourbon monarchy.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 400

The Search for Other Solar Systems

Updates to Exoplanets.org" provides information about the number of exoplanets currently discovered, the means of discovering them, and miscellaneous information that was extracted during observations.
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 644

Astronomy: the Nature of Life

One of the most interesting features of thermophilic bacteria is their ability to survive in the conditions of extreme heat. The first article, written by Christopher Brooks, analyzes some of the organisms on Earth that [...]
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 674

Life on Other Planets

The researchers have analyzed the microscopic life that exists in areas of extreme heat, where water supply exists in the form of salt lakes.
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 661

The Yanomami People and Their Development

One of the most remarkable features of the Yanomami is that they did not develop into an advanced civilization. The two factors affecting the development of the Yanomami people are now regarded as positive concepts [...]
  • Subjects: Anthropology
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 282

“Meaning in Method” by William A. Firestone

The article revolves around the peculiarities of the use of qualitative or quantitative methods in research and argues that the choice of a particular approach depends on the purpose of the investigation.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 305

A Mixed-Method Research

It is expected that the survey will not cover all issues related to the topic of the research. Thus, the interview will become the extension of the survey.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 282

Metallurgy: Break, Bend, Strengthen and Combine

A typical GTAW apparatus is largely similar in construction to a SMAW one with an important addition of a source of shielding gas necessary for protecting the welding spot.
  • Subjects: Physics
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 909

The Dangers of Genetic Engineering

In this case, the ethics of human cloning and human genes' alteration are at the center of the most heated debates. The first reason to oppose the idea of manipulation of human genes lies in [...]
  • Subjects: Genetics
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 844

Winter and Summer Seasons Comparison

Nevertheless, they can also do it in winter, going to the playing-field. On the other hand, it is impossible to make a snowman in summer.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 603

State of the Matter

The chosen article is interesting and informative for different readers due to the possibility to combine past and present studies, use the state of matter laws, and check the interaction of molecules of several gases.
  • Subjects: Physics
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1124

National Museum of Math

Children of the first two grades, as well as pre-school children, should be provided with interactive experience in the sphere of mathematics so as to start the process of understanding it as early as possible [...]
  • Subjects: Math
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 599

How to Do a Research?

The second factor that has to be considered during the organization of a high-quality research is the paper's format and style.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 302

Analysis and Description Differences

While seemingly similar to a description or a summary, analysis implies that a correlation between particular elements should be identified, whereas a summary or a description provides a concise overview of the key data.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 569

Social Science Rationale

Their main purpose is to increase the cultural background of a child and to enhance their knowledge of the surrounding world.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 10
  • Words: 1553

Life Science Rationale

What are the Purposes of the Botany and Zoology Areas in the Classroom? The role of a teacher is to prepare botany and zoology areas.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 1631

Soybean and Deforestation in the United States

Economists and planters collaborate to identify additional areas for soybean production, neglecting the threat of elimination of rainforests and the inability for researchers to find out new ways of cultivating this plant.
  • Subjects: Agriculture
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1151

Caves Characteristics

The most general definition of a cave is a part of the Earth's core that has emptiness or open space which is connected with the surface in one or more places.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 307

Mountains Characteristics

The smallest mountains are below one thousand kilometers, the medium mountains have a relative height of one or 2 kilometers and up to 3, and there are the highest mountains which are greater than 2 [...]
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 357

Human Factors Accident Classification System

The report revealed that the mishap occurred when the captain of the Attilio Ievoli assigned to explore the vessel was relieved and a new command was introduced.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2335

Allelopathy in Helianthus Annuus’ Germination

These effects were attributed to the role of gibberellins as allelochemicals in the germination of sunflower seeds. A total of 36 seeds were allocated to the control and treatment groups.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1705

Engineering OleT Enzyme for Better Biofuel Yield

Consequently, rigorous research is ongoing to elucidate the properties and machinery of biological enzymes to facilitate the exploitation of biocatalysts in the chemical industry.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 30
  • Words: 8140

Research Design: Evidence Based Discussion

The difference between a single subject design evaluation and a program evaluation lies in the sound ethos of the very purpose of their analysis.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 620

Statistical Process Control in Educational Settings

The theory of constraints overcame the difficulty leading to the beginning of the improvement process. Statistical Process Control also determined the control limits through the utilization of all the models in the control set and [...]
  • Subjects: Statistics
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 840

Travel Agent Analysis and Development Forecast

As the study hypothesized that the presence of mobile applications and gender determine the number of times services were booked in the high street in the past year, the study utilized analysis of variance.
  • Subjects: Statistics
  • Pages: 20
  • Words: 5777

Unknown Bacteria Identification Process

With the ability to identify bacteria according to various properties, we can discern the type and then the sensitivity of the bacteria.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 552

Hudson River’s Ocean Floor Investigation

Mapping the ocean floor of the Hudson River would enable the analysis of sediments and the bottom surface hardness as well as would provide data on bottom features and the depth of the river.
  • Subjects: Geology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 554

Plate Tectonics Theory and Its Development

When the asthenosphere reaches the lithosphere, it turns aside, "lifting and cracking the crust" to create the plate edges. The movement of plates is generated by gravity.
  • Subjects: Geology
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 550

Hypothetical New York Earthquake Case

Therefore, the following faults would be included in the report as potential causes of the earthquake: the 125th Street fault is the largest of all.
  • Subjects: Geology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 603

Oceanography Studies and Instruments

The camera is produced by Shimadzu, one of the world's chief producers of analytical instrumentation. One of the most important tools used by physical oceanographers is the floating instrument platform.
  • Subjects: Geography
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 548

Mystery Solar System

Of note, the gases that are most likely to be dominant in these planets that are closer to the sun are the heavy gasses.
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1486

Astronomy and Mystery Solar System

The mesosphere layer (17 Km The greenhouse effect is a warming effect due to the presence of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere that includes carbon dioxide.
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1256

What Is Science and Science Teaching Philosophy?

The definition of science is wide and entails much, but generally, science is a body that seeks to organize knowledge systematically and in a way that is testable and that allows the process of prediction.
  • Subjects: Scientific Method
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 570

Sampling Types and Processes

Sampling refers to a statistical process where part of a given data from a target population is selected and used as a representative of the whole population. On the other hand, a sampling unit is [...]
  • Subjects: Statistics
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 601

Corn Plant’s Developmental Stages

After the emergence from the ground, the corn plant continues to grow and elongate over the next weeks to form a stalk.
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 883

How a Caterpillar Becomes a Butterfly

Butterflies and moths belong to the order Lepidoptera, which is the second largest in the class of Insecta. Chrysalis is the most critical stage of the lifecycle of a butterfly.
  • Subjects: Zoology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 856

Cocoa Production and Its Environmental Performance

There is a variety of significant issues related to the growth and production of cocoa. A risk for the environment and trees is also present due to the practice of cocoa farming.
  • Subjects: Agriculture
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1190

Plant Growth and Development with Music

The study by Kroeze is focused on the ability of plants to listen to music. The article by Landhuis is dedicated to the ability of plants to hear danger that comes in the form of [...]
  • Subjects: Biology
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 665

Solar System Colonization in Science Fiction vs. Reality

Mars, also known as the Red Planet, the fourth in the distance from the Sun and the seventh-largest planet in the Solar System, is a favorite destination for colonization of science fiction authors, and the [...]
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1123

Planet Mercury and Its Exploration

I would like to learn more about a planet that is the closest to the sun, the history of its discovery as well as its peculiarities.
  • Subjects: Astronomy
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 601

Chemistry: Environmental Pollution in Hungary

The acidification of water bodies leads to the death of numerous species that are susceptible to the presence of acid. Part of the problem is caused by the fact that Hungary is currently forced to [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 933

Iron Sources, Properties and Usage

It is mainly found in the form of oxides and banded iron formations. Iron is an important component in the production of energy.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 584

Food Dye and Bleach Reaction Experiment

The rate law demonstrates how the rate correlates with the concentrations of the components of the reaction. It is possible to note that "the power of the concentration in the rate law expression is called [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1353

Polymer and Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

The objective of this report is to evaluate the properties, limitations, and prospects of future applications of fiber-reinforced concretes and polymer reinforced concretes.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 40
  • Words: 11030

Periodic Table Characteristics

The table is best illustrated by vertical and horizontal lines of elements with the latter called groups while the former are called elements.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 864

“Miracle Fruit Secret Revealed” by Ehrenberg

5
Also, the sweet-sensing machinery of the tongue is said to work effectively in acidic flavors such as carbonated drinks and citrus. This is a massive discovery, especially because it emphasizes the ability of the protein [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 601

Waxes and Greases Production and Specifications

5
In plants, the waxes are found on the cuticles, fruits, and leaves among other parts of the plants. In this light, bees and spermaceti produced the animal wax that was the main source of wax [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 14
  • Words: 3837

Oxidation States of Manganese Ion

1
5 ml of KMnO4 were added to the second test tube, which was the color standard for the purple permanganate ion.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 826

Aqueous HCl Solution Preparation

To prepare 500 grams of a 5% aqueous HCl solution, the chemist must have some basic information about the solute and the solution.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 668

Green Chemistry for Consumer Products

Green chemistry can be described as the abolition of the use or production of harmful substances in the creation, making, and use of chemical commodities.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 8
  • Words: 2195

OleT Enzyme Engineering to Improve Biofuel Yield

The geometry of the reactant complex was optimized and scanned to find the lowest energy pathway to bond hydrogen and oxygen atoms of abstraction of the closest hydrogen from the alpha and beta carbons in [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 16
  • Words: 15034

Long Lived Radionuclides in UAE Urban Soil

The amount of radionuclides depends on the concentration in soil, leachability of radionuclide and the solubility, and the sorption capacity of soil particles [2].
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 17
  • Words: 4670

Acid Effects on Starch in Industrial Applications

This variability is apparent in the morphology of starch granules regarding size and shape, the amount of amylose, the structure of amylopectin concerning the length of chains, and the position of branching.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 7
  • Words: 2011

Chemical Raising Agent in Bread in Lab Experiment

Therefore, the gluten content of flour affects the physical properties of flour and the corresponding baked products. The leavening agent was baking powder, which consists of sodium bicarbonate and potassium bitartrate.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1703

X-Ray Fluorescence Experiment with Salt

The salt sample was then put in a plunger to be compressed followed by measuring the height of the compacted sample, which was 7 cm. Other chemical elements that were found in the salt specimen [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 878

Cheese Testing by Isotope Ratio Mass Spectroscopy

Isotopic composition analysis is used to identify cases of food fraud by quantifying the stable isotopic ratio of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen and sulphur in food.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 6
  • Words: 1757

X-Ray Fluorescence Experiment for Salt Samples

The weighed salt sample was then put in a sample press machine to be flattened after which the height of the flattened sample was measured and found to be 4 cm.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 3
  • Words: 831

Isotope Ratio Mass Spectroscopy of Cheese

The purpose of this study was to use isotope ratio mass spectroscopy to determine isotopic disparities of 15nitrogen, 13carbon and 2hydrogen in six cheese samples and distinguish them based on geographic, geological and agricultural practices. [...]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 5
  • Words: 1495

Spectroscopy as the Detecting Oil Fraud Tool

Because of the efficacy with which spectroscopy allows determining the status of oil and the analysis of its compounds, the specified tool should be recognized as superior in detecting the cases of oil fraud.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 1
  • Words: 303

Preparation of Antioxidant Enzymatic Hydrolysates

1. What is the research question the author(s) is trying to answer? In the article, there is no research question the authors try to answer. They do not pose any questions, as well as they do not rely on any questions that could be possibly developed in past studies. Through the lines in the introductory […]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1092

Whey Proteins: Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitors

1. What is the research question the author(s) is trying to answer? In fact, there are no direct or indirect research questions in the article. For that reason, it is hard to say what particular questions the authors tried to answer in their project. In the beginning, they identified β–lactoglobulin as one of the main […]
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1087

The Antioxidant Properties of Peptides

The explanation of the activity for Trp and Tyr is based on the ability of the indolic and phenolic groups to perform as hydrogen donors.
  • Subjects: Chemistry
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 561
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