It was rotation of the solar nebulae that prevented the collapse of all the matter of the nebulae into the protosun and the matter within the solar nebulae that did not collapse into the protosun [...]
At the very center was the sphere of Earth; around it, the shell of water, then the shell of air, and finally the shell of fire.
Although the proton, neutron, electron, and possibly the neutrino are the most important of the elementary particles in the present universe, there are many others.
A major watershed in understanding was crossed in 1980 with the suggestion that an extraterrestrial impact was responsible for the massive extinction of life known to have occurred about 65 million years of age at [...]
The purpose of this paper is to speculate about the existence of halophilic organisms in the salty oceans underneath the surface of Titan.
The evidence of methane-based organisms could be found from testing the ground and the bodies of liquid surrounding the cryovolcano, whereas the evidence of water-based life would likely be found in the frozen remains of [...]
Updates to Exoplanets.org" provides information about the number of exoplanets currently discovered, the means of discovering them, and miscellaneous information that was extracted during observations.
One of the most interesting features of thermophilic bacteria is their ability to survive in the conditions of extreme heat. The first article, written by Christopher Brooks, analyzes some of the organisms on Earth that [...]
The researchers have analyzed the microscopic life that exists in areas of extreme heat, where water supply exists in the form of salt lakes.
Of note, the gases that are most likely to be dominant in these planets that are closer to the sun are the heavy gasses.
The mesosphere layer (17 Km The greenhouse effect is a warming effect due to the presence of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere that includes carbon dioxide.
Mars, also known as the Red Planet, the fourth in the distance from the Sun and the seventh-largest planet in the Solar System, is a favorite destination for colonization of science fiction authors, and the [...]
One of the links in the search was the link to NASA's website that provided a list of fast facts about Asteroids.
I would like to learn more about a planet that is the closest to the sun, the history of its discovery as well as its peculiarities.
86 years to complete one orbit The distance of Jupiter from the earth taken on 4th June 2013 at 0655 hours GMT is 4.6 AU. The distance of Jupiter from the sun as of now [...]
At noon, the sun is directly overhead on the Earth, which means that the Aries will be in the north direction.
The process of confirmation was performed by applying the statistical analysis of the Kepler space telescope's planet candidate catalog, using the data obtained by the Kepler Observatory, a spacecraft on the Earth's orbit intended for [...]
I decided to choose the book "Comets And Their Origin: The Tools To Decipher A Comet" written by Uwe Meierhenrich. The information discussed in the class provided me with a basic understanding of comets.
In addition, the age of the samples coincides with the date where the water was present on the planet, according to the current understanding.
Cassegrain is a type of telescope that uses several mirrors or lenses which form an image by folding the optics. For example, it is the area of the sky that is visible when observing through [...]
Einstein's equation relates topography to the bulk quantity contained in the world if the energy concentration of the free space in the universe is zero.
The picture is a hypothetical illustration of all the waters in the satellite Europa, which is in the form of a bubble, and that amount of water may be compared to the whole Europa [...]
A 'Shoot for the Moon' is a revelation of the first maiden journey to space by the Americans in the 1960s.
This makes possible the formulation of the most basic definition of what the notion of CMBR stands for: It is, in essence, the most ancient photons that were emitted at the time when the universe [...]
Giant telescopes use the principle of active optics by which they are able to measure the distortions due to the motion of turbulence in the Earth's atmosphere and then make allowance for these factors. Examples [...]
Besides, Salim argues that for a father to take her daughter to work as an apprentice was unheard of in his time, an act which shows that the girl was articulate and had excellent talent [...]
Taking into account that time of a cosmic journey is proportional to its distance, it could be argued that for this type of mission to become possible, it should address the problem of speed.
The collision of the Milky Way and another spiral galaxy will lead to prominent changes in the morphologies of both galaxies.
The gravitational force "acts perpendicular to the waves' direction of propagation; these forces change the distance between points, and the size of the changes is proportional to the distance between the points".
The astronomer's contribution to humanity's understanding of the universe was highly recognized by the scientific community and society in general during his lifetime.
As a result of the interaction of cold matter with supermassive black holes, practically the whole electromagnetic spectrum is produced, though a huge fraction of radiation can be sometimes obscured owing to gas and dust [...]
Mass transfer is the key process that contributes to the development of binary stars. In the binary system, the two Roche lobes meet, and this point is referred to as a Lagrange point.
According to this classification, star populations with mass fraction of metals or elements that are heavier than hydrogen and helium that is similar to that of the Sun fall into the category of Population I, [...]
It lasts from the gravitational collapse of a giant molecular cloud and ends with the start of the hydrogen fusion. The gas starts to collapse toward the center of the core, creating the first stage [...]
In a plot of the recession velocity and the distance from the observer, the fraction of the velocity and the distance, when expressed as a ratio, represents the Hubble constant.
Upon its commissioning in 2022, the Giant Magellan Telescope will represent the next generation of the largest ground-based telescopes whose primary goal is to extend and broaden the humanity's comprehension of the universe.
Although the calculations have to be approximated due to the imperfections in the technologies used, the outcomes of the project align with the existing theory, therefore, making it obvious that tracking the movement is highly [...]
A CubeSat, a sort of miniaturized satellite, is a low-priced, institutionalized satellite with its inception in the CubeSat Project set up in the late 1990s by California Polytechnic State University and Stanford University. The CubeSat [...]
In spite of the fact that Jupiter is more distant than Mars to the Earth, it is usually brighter, and it shines during the whole year around.
This could mean that the precision of his guesses was relatively high, which might have been the reason for postponing the disclaimer of the model.
The chemical, physical, and astrophysical process that leads to the explosion of a star and the dust around the supernova make us wonder if life could exist in one such place. The first possibility that [...]
I will persuade religious leaders of the positive effects of separating science from religion, and illustrate that the design of the solar system was a part of God's plan to protect planet Earth.
I noticed a news article saying that Pluto is now called a dwarf planet, but the author stresses that it is only about words. It was about Pluto's status as a dwarf planet, so I [...]
She was able to achieve the aims of her statements and kept the audience interested in the content of her speech.
3 These included the position of celestial objects, time of the day or night by measuring the altitude of the sun, time of the year, part of the visible sky, altitude of any horizon object, [...]
Gravity is one of the key forces of Nature and is basically the first force of nature to be studied in the earlier centuries.
This is one of the main issues that can be singled out. This is one of the details that should not be disregarded.
This hypothesis follows from the logical fact that if the light from these astronomical objects needs billion of years to reach the earth, then as a matter of consequence, the age of the entire universe [...]
As a result, it can be noted that chemical evolution that takes place in the universe is dependent on the activities of the large stars.
The lunar eclipse takes place during the full moon when the earth's shadow covers the moon's surface. The shadows formed on the moon by the earth vary in the intensity of darkness.
Different religions in the world have disparate teachings about the origin of the universe. The aforementioned religions are all monotheistic, but they have different explanations regarding the existence and the origin of the universe.
The Big Bang Theory is one of the theories that explain the origin, development, and the nature of the universe. This assumption is very important in the explanation of the origin and development of the [...]
Orion can be seen by the naked eye from November to February between 85 and 75 degrees latitude, in the southwest sky from a position in the Northern Hemisphere or in the northwest sky from [...]
Components of this study include An exposition on Asteroids and Comets, Origins of Comets and Asteroids and their constituents, the significance of Comets and Asteroids in the inquiry about the origins of the solar system [...]
Galileo's later discoveries of the Venus gave more proof to the Copernicus theory that it is the Sun at the centre of the universe and not the Earth.
The sun is one of the common yellow stars in the universe. This explains why "the sun is one of the many middle-sized yellow stars in the universe".
However, it should be noted that billions of other discoveries are yet to be made in the future. To achieve this, the next-generation space telescope should be designed in the near future.
In response to this, the paper is aimed at explaining the nebular model of the solar system in details and the features of the solar system that the model can explain.
The key theory of Copernicus is based on the following fact: as the distance from the Earth and the centre of motion increase, so the period of the planets becomes longer.
The White Dwarfs are the core remnants of a star that was previously 8 times the mass of the sun. The strange behavior of this matter is that its mass and temperature are inversely proportional [...]
The process that leads to the formation of star stuff is a complex phenomenon that involves the origin and "death" of stars.
In this situation, New York City is one of the most vulnerable megalopolises which can suffer from the results of the storm significantly because the destruction of the Earth's magnetic field is closely associated with [...]
Space exploration has become a key area of concern for modern scientists and this is evident from the many attempts being undertaken in the world today to explore every bit of the outer space.
With the ability to predict the precise time and place of eclipses, the scientists obtained the opportunity to explore the eclipses more thoroughly and became capable of finding the connections with and the effects of [...]
Seeing how Europa's geysers have been discovered because of the ultraviolet radiation emitted from the planet's surface and then interpreted with the help of one of the numerous technologies implanted in Hubble, it will be [...]
By this, they implied that the Creator made the mankind rule from the center of the universe. Due to poor observations of his challengers, they claimed that the Moon was smooth and had no other [...]
Its creation became the result of lengthy arguments between the scientists in reference to the planets of our solar system and their classification and the features that define them.
In 1957, the Soviet successfully launched the first satellite into space that marked the beginning of space exploration. After the success of the Soviet's satellite, the U.S.invested more into space exploration.
Specifications Being a relatively low priced telescope, the Meade NG70-SM offers limited viewing abilities with respect to clarity and sharpness of images both in terrestrial and celestial usage.
In its 13-month orbiting, Juno will explore the conditions and processes central to the formation of planet Jupiter and the rest of the solar system.
This is a very important topic since it is imperative for the astronomers as well as the general public to be aware of the chances of the Earth being hit and the consequences that may [...]
9 years and in essence one can draw this logical induction that the elliptical orbit through which an astronomer moves from the Earth to Mars is relatively shorter than the elliptical orbit of Mars and [...]
Neighboring the stars such as Sheraton and Hamal, the Mesarthim star is located in to the right of the center of the HR diagram.
The beautiful colours that form the M51 galaxy are natural colours formed as a result of the intense star forming processes that take place at the galaxy due to the continuous compression of hydrogen gas [...]
Thus, the galaxy is one of the biggest solar bodies that are unique in the universe. The colours of the structure are natural, because they are reflections of the materials that constitute the galaxy.
According to McSween, scientists and astronomers find the study of the environment of Mars and the existence of flowing of water on the surface of the planet of special interest.
This will occur only if the Sun does not occupy the Earth's orbit already as it will be huge, and although if the temperature of the Sun's surface does not increase, this effect will be [...]
The factors that aided in accelerating the rate of mutation and evolution are thus the cosmic rays from the different stars that make up the universe.
Although the cosmos is not the largest galaxy, there is no doubt that it is one of the largest bodies known to man.
At one point, a giant impact led to the formation of the moon and immense re-melting of the Earth that made the original atmosphere to disappear.
The changed angle of the planet made it possible for the Earth to cool and the crust was formed. It is necessary to note that the Earth is still evolving and the process of change [...]
Mars is one of the eight major planets that form the solar system together with the sun. The atmosphere of Mars is estimated to be less than 1% of that of the earth.
The mass of the star is, however, the most essential and influential factor that determines its lifetime especially when other factors are kept to a constant.
The earth's surface and the uni, the verse is composed of many phenomena and celestial bodies such as the stars, constellations, planets just to mention but a few.
Indeed, the absence of living microorganisms in the soil is a clear indication of the absence of water on the red planet.
It was created with the main purpose of capturing high-resolution images of the earth.'ADEOS 2' - was designed to monitor the biomass in the carbon cycle, earth's water cycle and the trends in climate variation.
The objectives of study are; to promote the satellites technology across the globe, to enhance the importance of applying satellites in doing research about the earth, to create awareness of the roles that the satellites [...]
Surveyor 1, the first spacecraft in the program touched down on the lunar surface in the month of June 1966, the second was unsuccessful.
In the case of the Earth, "the habitable zone is determined by two factors: the effective surface temperature of a planet as determined by the flux arriving form the local star and the radiation-trapping efficiency [...]
Thus, the failure of system engineers to use the correct coding metrics was the root cause of the MCO problem. As a result of the aforementioned mistakes during the coding process, the MCO was not [...]
According to nebular model of the formation of the universe, the formation of the solar system is inherent to the formation of the stars and planetary disks.
The sun, which is the center of the solar system, is the main source of light and energy for the entire earth.
It suggests that the possibility of life existing in other parts of the Universe is very low. Concluding that Earth is the only place in the Universe that supports life is erroneous.
This was not to be end of the journey in terms of improvement of the telescope. This kind of telescope solved the problem of chromatic aberration that was witnessed in the Keplerian telescopes.
This information may allow to get to know whether it is possible to live at the planet or not, thus, the search for the planets similar to the Earth is possible. In other words, the [...]
In the Solar System, however, the Earth is the single planet located in the habitable zone of the star and offers the 'just right' environment for life to originate and develop.
Luckily, the Italian traders adopted the Arabic numeral system and greatly helped in the use and adoption of the system to the rest of Europe.
Astronomers have found that the length of a typical day in Mars is similar to that of the Earth. This means that there is no water existed on the surface of Mars.
At different times of the year, the sun appears at different locations at the same time of the day. As a result, at sun rise an observer in the North Pole positions the sun to [...]
The sun is still in the same place in the sky, but the thickness of the clouds prevent the light from getting through them.
The density of this planet is almost the same to that of the earth and this explains why the winds carried the eroded soils.
They include the first crossings of the TS, the first observations of the HSH, verification of asymmetries in the heliospheric shape, and the lack of the expected ACR acceleration at the TS.
During the early 1500's, the first astronomer Nicholas Copernicus in a controversial statement asserted that the sun was the center of the solar system, and not the earth.
Solar flares can be described as an event wherein the plasma located in the sun is heated to tens of millions of Kelvins resulting in a sudden brightening and the release of energy from the [...]
They cause collision dangers to other satellites and spacecrafts in the orbit and have the potential of increasing debris in space, which would increase the likelihood of collision and hence affect the normal operation of [...]
The institution, which is based in United States, has enabled astronomers to conduct major research on a wide range of astrophysical systems and the solar system.
Astronauts are best positioned to operate in space since they have studied the universe and understand the risks and the benefits of the operations in space.
It means that there is more to this planet aside from its being the outermost planet in the solar system. It was not only the 2oth century that an astronomer was able to discover the [...]
They also concur that the best theory behind the formation of the solar system and the nebula model is the Nebula hypothesis.
Copernicus continued his research and developed a new model of the universe which contradicted Aristotle's paradigm since the Earth was not the centre, but one of the planets moving around the Sun.
The Copernican revolution was defined as the change of belief from the Ptolemaic theory to the Copernican theory. The revolution was dependent on two decisions namely the denunciation of the Ptolemaic theory as untrue, and [...]
Extrasolar planets are planets found outside the earth's solar system and extrasolar life is therefore the life found on such planets.
Until then, researchers need to do the hard work of verifying or refuting existing theories and counterchecking any new evidence that could be contained in the Martian meteorites According to Buseck et al, Nanocrystals of [...]
Atkinson argues that in the event of a collision with the earth, a blanket of dust could cover the earth, a near darkness situation could ensue, normal plant and animal chemical activities could stop due [...]
The Greek astronomy was influenced by the Egyptian and Babylonian astronomy that relied on astrology leading to the medieval western European view of astronomy and the renaissance period to the modern view of astronomy.
The advent of the modern cosmology is based on extensive evidence supported by full observations and theories."The cosmology of today attempt to explain the commencement, the current state and eventual end of the universe".
The best way of doing this is through enabling of the funds drafted in the forwarded budget and transferring the monitoring responsibilities to watchdogs and commissions that consist of a panel of specialists in the [...]
The writer of this paper argues that India's mission to Mars indicates a lack of prioritization by the national government and therefore, a waste of resources.
The bigger portion of the planet is covered with Borealis Basin that is one of the remarkable features on the surface of Mars.
The brightness of a star is directly related to its mass since the greater the mass, the greater the amount of hydrogen available for use in the process of nuclear fusion.