Geology Essay Examples and Topics

Halite’s Distinctive Characteristics

Introduction Halite is currently known to many people as rock salt. It is a mineral in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl), which form structures referred to as isometric crystals (Zambito and Benison 587). The mineral is either white or colorless. Different types and quantities of impurities may make the mineral have different colors such […]

Yosemite National Park Geology

Yosemite National Park can be found in the Northern California, in the counties of Mariposa, Madera, and Tuolumne, and is located across the western side of the Sierra Nevada mountain range. It is a worldwide-known national park which is comprised of breathtaking landscapes including cliffs, rocky intrusions, waterfalls, and dales. These landscapes were formed over […]

Yellowstone National Park: Geological Features

Every year Yellowstone National Park attracts numerous visitors who come not only from the USA but also from a range of foreign countries. It looks so alluringly to the public mainly because of the fact that it is located on a fiery mass of magma that used to cause terrible extinctions (Daniel, 2015). Nowadays, a […]

Limestone Mineral in Tuynhuys Building

The public building The Tuynhuys building in Cape Town, South Africa is the most visited office of the president of South Africa. Reconstructed in 1968, the main material used in the building was from the Tristan da Cunha Island. The interior of the building was fabricated with limestone blocks from this island in the Atlantic […]

Geology Issues: Earthquakes

The tectonic plates can be discussed as constantly moving together, but these movements are not noticed until the edges of the plates meet each other to cause slipping on a fault. Thus, earthquakes can be defined as the results of the movements of tectonic plates about their faults slipping past each other. Furthermore, the earthquake […]

A Trip to the Center of the Earth

Introduction The earth is one of the main eight planets that revolve around the sun on their orbits. The earth not only spins around the sun, but it also rotates on its axis, which results in days and nights. One of the most interesting features of the earth is its center. The center of the […]

Geology Issues: the San Andreas Fault

The San Andreas Fault is one of the most significant faults in the world. It separates two plates, the North American and the Pacific plate, from each other. It is noteworthy that it is exposed on land, which is not very common for a fault. It is around 1300 km long and more than 10 […]

Plate Tectonics

Introduction The earth’s surface is composed of several plates that are in a constant state of motion. The plates are subjected to tectonic forces that compel them to move in different directions (Garrison, 2009). Generally, there are three major forces that prompt movement of plates on the earth’s crust. These include transformational, divergent and convergent […]

Ocean Literacy

Ocean literacy implies an understanding of the mutual influences between the ocean and human beings. Since the ocean has been described as one of the largest features available on earth, occupying approximately 71% of the earth’s surface, its influence on daily human lives is inevitable, and in the same way, humans cannot live without regular […]

History of Hurricane in Galveston

Introduction The case history is based on the hurricane of Galveston, Texas 1900. There was a vicious storm which hit the Galveston Island, killing thousands of the inhabitants, properties destroyed while thousands were left itinerant without homes. It is considered as the most crucial meteorological event in the United States and the entire world. Storm […]

Coastal Erosion of Kivalina Island

The article Coastal Erosion and the Threat to Kivalina, Alaska highlights in great detail the dangers of coastal erosion in Kivalina, Alaska. The erosion of the coastal land poses a great danger to the inhabitants and their livelihoods. The island of Kivalina has reduced significantly because of erosion, and people live in fear. The natives […]

Alfred Wegener’s theory of continental drift

In spite of the fact that similarities of the continents’ coastlines are noticed by researchers during the centuries, the hypothesis that these continents could previously form the supercontinent seemed to be ridiculous. During the early part of the 20th century, Alfred Wegener, the German scientist, published the book in which he attempted to prove the […]

2008 and 2013 Sichuan Earthquakes in China

Introduction This paper explores both 2008 and 2013 Sichuan earthquakes in China. It provides detailed descriptions of how each earthquake occurred, similarities and differences between the two incidences. In addition, it shows social and economic effects of the two earthquakes on people. The Sichuan Earthquake in 2008 On May 12, 2008, a devastating earthquake with […]

A Proposed Geological Disposal Facility

Introduction A repository for the waste that is radioactive in nature is essentially a arrangement of well-though out and naturally existing barriers that help in the isolation of waste emanating from the environment and the activities of human beings. The most profound natural barriers include the surrounding geological formations as well as the host rock, […]

Using Infrared Technology to Determine the Hydrocarbons in Contaminated Soil

Literature review A number of literature reviews have been documented on using infrared technology to determine the hydrocarbons in contaminated soil. Ten literature reviews will be utilized in the research below. Their reliability had to be checked to ensure that they are scholarly. A New Perspective to Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy asserts that spectroscopy focuses on […]

The Relevance of Cast Iron in Today’s World

Introduction In the 21st century, there is a growing concern that the planet is running out of natural resources mainly because of a threat from constantly increased population that begin to consume the natural wealth faster than they can be replenished. However, there are still substantial mineral deposits in the world today to sustain the […]

Mitigation for earthquake and eruption

Both earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are natural disasters whose occurrences are beyond human control. Since they are caused by forces of nature, human beings can only take precautions to minimize losses arise from them. Beneath the earth’s surface there is energy build up due to the continued stress on the rocks. Moreover, energy may also […]

Earth’s Materials and Forces

Igneous rock is created in the issue of volcanic activity. The process starts with the volcano becoming active because of tectonic plate pressure, which causes magma to expand during eruptions. Once hot magma is on the surface, it streams down the volcano and turns into lava. Ash, molten, and dust are thrown away after an […]

Oil and Gas Drilling Industry

Introduction This essay presents an overview of the Oil and Gas drilling industry. Some of the peculiar aspects of this industry are the price unpredictability of oil. The industry grows in a cyclical way and is largely oligopolistic. The industry is money and labor intensive thus only companies or individuals with access to huge capital […]

Definition of a physical geology term: Sedimentary Rock

Introduction Rocks are divided into three major types, viz. sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. The geologic reactions occurring on the Earth only cause minute alterations to the landscape in a given lifetime. The changes become evident after millions of years. Though gradual, the geologic processes can reduce a mountain to a plain. The geologic processes lead […]

Geology and its Significance

Introduction The field of geology has been in existence over several centuries. In spite of the recent developments, the precept of this science remains the same. Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the elements of geology in terms of career, qualities of a good geologist, geological solution to using spring water, and the […]

Geothermal Project in Eden

Introduction The increasing global population has mounted a lot of pressure on natural resources to expand and sustain economic development. The energy sector is a notable industry that has contributed immensely to the growing pressure for natural resources (Bargh, 2012). Consequently, many economies have tried to adopt sustainable ways of maintaining energy production. One such […]

The Asphalt History

Introduction The composition of crude oil is infinitely varied and complex. This is because of the several components that can be derived from crude oil after the separation process of distillation. However, the components derived from crude oil vary with the original location of the crude oil (Barth, 1962, p. 56). For instance, crude oil […]

Natural gas, oil, coal, and Uranium in Russia

Introduction Russia’s economy is ranked 9th in the world in terms of GDP, 6th in terms of purchasing power and 3rd in terms of military spending. The country’s GDP was estimated at around 2.4 trillion dollars (FYE 2011) and a per capita income of 16 736 dollars (Index Mundi, 2012). According to the 2012 estimates, […]

Sculpturing of the earth’s surface

Introduction The article by Montgomery discusses the concept of flooding which is not as popular as glaciation theory. The article discusses flooding as an agent of sculpturing the earth. To make the story interesting, the author links scientific evidence to sites that are native to the folklores. This may make the reader think that ancient […]

Problems in Geology of Eldorado Springs

This report discusses and interprets mountain front, foothills and the plains geology of Eldorado springs (Gerdner, 9). It gives a description of the soil formation in the area. The map and tables give detailed data of the area. Problem definition What is the guide to engineering soil in a site? Review of the existing literature […]

Earth’s Structure and Formation

Question 1: Advances in Determining the Age of the Earth and the Importance of Radioactivity There are several technological advances that may be used to determine the age of the earth. First, radioactive decay can act as a valuable process in establishing the age of rocks. Following the discovery of radioactive decay, several other age […]

Scoping report for the earthquakes in New Madrid, and Fulton City, Missouri

Introduction Earthquakes are not a new phenomenon in the U.S.: numerous parts of the country experience them. They are cause stress accumulation in the underground rocks. The accumulation of this stress is a clear indication of the slow but constant movement of the earth’s outermost rocky layers. These are large sections of which move about […]

Geophysical surveying used in the search for magnetite and hematite irons ores

Summary This literature review deals with examples of geophysical surveying technique that are used in the exploration of hematite and magnetite iron ores. The examples dealt with in this literature review include gravity methods; which defines the anomalous density in the earth surface. This method has the capability of predicting total anomalous mass. Another method […]

Geology: Introduction and Overview of Methods

Introduction Numerous studies have revealed that the development of Sweden during Weichselian glaciations presents a challenge to scholars. In particular, the assessment of the period has revealed that the Late Weichselian period has contributed greatly to the appearance of straits and inter-fjord areas, which is sufficient evidence for the given research(1). Due to the fact […]

Physical characteristics, earthquake, geology of the new Madrid Seismic Zone

The new Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) is one of the rocky, mountainous regions in the eastern parts of United States. The NMSZ occupies the southeastern part of Missouri and the southern part of Illinois. The large earthquakes, which occur in the region significantly, affect the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The closest areas that are also […]

Grand Canyon Geology

This is a great feature in the world. It is in the list of the most scenery worldwide. The formation of the Grand Canyon “ Grand Canyon formation occurred an exceedingly long time ago. However, no one is pretty sure of how its formation took place. Nevertheless, geologists come up with some guesses about this. […]

Concept of Environmental Geology in Ecological Science

Introduction Erickson (108) notes that it is important for any country or region to be aware of disasters that can occur and be prepared against them. Lack of proper disaster preparedness skills may lead to major calamities in the event of risk. Hence, this is the reason why there are myriad of risks and calamities […]

Geology of California

California’s Fossil, Rock, And Mineral Composition California is known to have a rich history of fossils, rocks and minerals. However, the state is known to mainly posses oceanic fossils such as the rich accumulation early mammal fossil such as the turtle fossils which are found in many of the state’s national parks. Most of the […]

Latest Japanese Earthquake

The latest Japanese earth quake is the Tōhuku earthquake which occurred in March 2011. It is also referred to as the Great East Japanese Earthquake. The earthquake had a magnitude of 9.0 on Ritcher scale occurring at 14:46 Japan Standard Time (JST) on Eleventh of March, 2011. The earthquakes epicenter was approximately seventy two Kilometers […]

Concepts of Dangerous and natural energy

Introduction Earthquakes are one of the major disasters in the world today. They have claimed thousands of lives in the recent years and rendered many more homeless. Depending on the magnitude of the earthquake; they can be very destructive. For instance; Haiti was hit with one with a magnitude of 7.0. It brought buildings to […]

Plate tectonics, volcanism, earthquakes and rings of fire

Plate tectonics refers to the scientific theory stating that the lithosphere is always on a constant motion. This movement occurs in a large mass and is based on the plate tectonic theory which was put forward by scientists in the early twentieth century (Diller 2001). Plate tectonics has led to the separation of the sea […]

Critique of the geologic article

Introduction The aim of this report is to present a peer review critique on Simulation of adsorption of gold nanoparticles carried by gas ascending from the Earth’s interior in alluvial cover of the middle–lower reaches of the Yangtze River, the article published by J. J. Cao, X. Y. Hu, Z. T. Jiang, H. W. Li […]

Critique the article Influence of Wave Action and Lithology

Introduction The aim of this report is to critique the article Influence of Wave Action and Lithology on Sea Cliff Mass Movements in Central Algarve Coast, Portugal published by Maria M. Bezzera, Delminda Moura, Oscra Ferreira and Rui Taborda in Journal of Coastal Research in 2011. The article is devoted to the research made by […]

The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake

The Great East Japan Earthquake happened on March 11, 2011 as a triple disaster. The earthquake was accompanied by a great tsunami given the high magnitude of the earthquake that reached 9.0 on the Ritcher scale. The third disaster was the meltdown of a number of nuclear plants following the tsunami. Japan had never been […]

The Parkfield Earthquake Prediction Experiment

Introduction The accurate prediction of the timing and location of the earthquakes is crucial for reducing the hazards of seismic activity and preventing the fatalities and injuries. The seismic activity and the relatively regular sequence of the earthquakes in the area of San Paul Fault generated the interest of the geologists in exploring the processes […]

The Use of Fracking

Introduction As a result of the ever-increasing demand for natural gas, over the recent past numerous organizations have ventured into exploiting shale deposits for natural gas using the fracking method. Basically, this method entails sinking of boreholes and creating fractures in the bedrock layer using a fluid (a solution of water that is mixed with […]

Erosion and Deposition

The breakdown of the earth’s surface into fragments or segments is known as erosion. The agents of erosion include gravity, water, wind or animals. These agents carry the weathered rock sediments and particles from one location to another. The transportation of the eroded soil materials is called deposition (Berhe 4). Erosion can occur where these […]

The Erosional and Depositional Landforms that Result from Rivers and Glaciers

The forces that the earth possesses have the ability of moving tectonic plates, in turn, creating volcanoes and ranges. These forces whose energy is obtained from the sun, have the ability of destroying mountain chains. This paper aims at discussing numerous erosional and depositional landforms, which appeared as a result of glaciers and rivers. Some […]

The Processes of Erosion and Deposition Help to Reshape the Landscapes Produced By Uplift and Other Tectonic Processes

Erosion occurs when water runs through the rock. The ice and strong wind blow away soil, transferring it from one place to another, leading to transformation of landscapes. The water runs carrying away particles of soil changing the shape of existing rocks. The fragments of rock with ice pass through the surface of the earth […]

Erosion and Deposition

Introduction Different landscapes, like plateaus, plains and mountains, arise as a result of different processes. They include glaciations, wind, weathering, erosion and deposition. Erosion and deposition have been termed as one of the major forces behind landscape types. Erosion usually occurs after weathering. Weathering is the process where rocks are exposed to water and air […]

Losing the Ground: Where Do Most Earthquakes Take Place?

Introduction It is relatively easy to draw the line between the animate and inanimate nature; everything that breathes, reproduces and/or moves can be considered a life form. It goes without saying that the inanimate elements of nature are taken for granted often mostly because of their lack of motion. However, when it comes to the […]

Sculpting Earth’s Surface Presentation

Introduction The geographic features that define the Earth, such as volcanoes, trenches, mountains and even the physical locations of various continents, have been defined by the motions created as a result of the plates that make up the Earth’s crust. These plates that have been estimated to be fifteen in number drift on the molten […]

Land Feature of Texas

Introduction 230m years ago, all the continents were merged into one gigantic and enormous uniform supercontinent called Pangaea. (Johnson, 2006) The gravitational and conventional forces beneath the surface of the Earth forced the crustal layer of the Earth to divide and drift apart forming the presently existing continents. As they drifted away from each other, […]

The Rocks of Grand Canyon

Abstract The Grand Canyon is the second largest canyon in the world. The region has attracted a lot of tourists from various parts of the world for different reasons. Tourists come to this region for many reasons. Some of the tourists are scholars, while others are just holiday makers. The rocks of Grand Canyon were […]

Natural Resources: Diamonds

Botswana is a country found in Southern Africa that is ranked among the highest diamond producers in the world. The tremendous growth in Botswana’s economy over the last three decades is attributed to its valuable diamonds. There are very few countries that produce diamond and this therefore makes diamond to be among the most valuable […]

Kyanite Geology

Introduction In their mission to understand nature, geologists have managed to identify thousands of minerals and mineral deposits that are spread worldwide. Following these discoveries, it has been necessary to come up with effective methods to facilitate identification and differentiation of various mineral types . Kyanite is a mineral whose occurrence and properties have been […]

Tsunami’s Causes

Introduction Tsunamis are series of the ocean waves with very long wavelengths, hundreds of kilometers away, being brought about by various processes like sub marines, landslides, glacier calving, volcanic eruptions, meteorite impacts but greatly by earthquakes. It is formed in the ocean and big lakes. Tsunami originated from the Japanese words ‘tsu’ meaning ‘harbor’ and […]

The Difficulties in Exploiting Sea Floor Massive Sulfide Deposits

The discovery of underground mineral deposits is always seen as an opportunity for economic emancipation. However, the difficulties involved in exploring the minerals have been the greatest obstacles to the full exploration of sea floor mineral deposits such as sulphide. The first challenge is in locating an active ridge spreading area. The location of an […]

Geology Issue – Nature of Earthquakes

Earthquakes The earth consists of four major sections: the inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust. The crust is the top-most part, but is not a single piece, rather, it is made up of several pieces, like a jig-saw puzzle. The pieces keep moving gradually, slipping past one another and colliding with each other. These […]

How to Mange Palouse Soils from Erosion

Introduction The level of global environmental degradation is on the increase and many countries are already experiencing some of its effects. Just like other parts of the world, Washington State has been plagued by a lot of natural disasters over the past few centuries and it is currently grappling with the challenges caused by these […]

Why the Central Saudi is Rich in Oil

A geological survey of the central Saudi Arabia reveals a lot about its structural transition and rock compositions that make it the world’s largest reservoir of oil in the word. Specifically, central Saudi Arabia consists of the world’s richest oil fields that are concentrated in the Greater Ghawar province whose Paleozoic and Jurassic systems of […]

The Geological composition of Larimar

Introduction The essay is critical examination of Larimar. The paper will bring forth the geological composition Larimar, the importance and uniqueness, reason why it should be appreciated as well as the value of the same in USD. Larimar is in the family pectolite. It is characterized by hardness of between 4.5 and 5. The color […]

Energy & Fossil Fuels

Fossil fuels, which comprise of natural gas, oil and coal, constitute most of our energy that is consumed locally, approximately two thirds of the electricity energy and transportation fuels depends on the use of fossil fuels (Fraust 12). The increasing economy of the United States over the last number of decades can be majorly attributed […]

Geological and cultural importance of Deer Creek Park (Colorado)

This is an open space Park in Jefferson County with both geological and cultural importance to the whole nation. This park has offered great and wonderful views for a long time. Most hikers and other outside fanatics have fun in deer Creek Park. Within the park compound there are various types of wild flowers especially […]

Soil’s Effective Microorganisms

Agro ecology can be defined as the use of ecology to manage agriculture systems, including; ecological, economic and social factors. In order for this to be successful, the soils have to be fertile and well aerated. This aeration and soil fertility is due the presence of micro-organisms in the soil. There are various organisms and […]

Sedimentary Rocks

Geologically, the Earth’s crust comprises of more than one type of mineral element, whose combination makes up the Earth’s crust. There exist three main categories of solid aggregate mineral deposits (rocks) that make the Earth’s crust namely Sedimentary, Metamorphic, and Igneous rocks. Classification of these rocks into these three groups depends on a number of […]

Deep Sea Volcanoes and their Effects

The ocean floor is comprised of many hills, mountains, valleys, volcanoes and certain forms of life, easily unimagined to the common man.The entire global ocean floor is approximately 366 million square kilometers and the entire surface area is a volcanic terrain (Fisher, 1998, p. 81). Of the entire ocean floor, there are about a million […]

Sedimentary Rocks

Sedimentary rocks are from sediments collected from the streams and buried beneath in a process commonly referred to as geologic. This is due to geographical effects such as the tectonic forces controlling the progression of weathering. The process leaves a complicated record thus the different kind of sediments form the deposits. (Strahler, 13) The categories […]

Ocean Currents

Ocean currents are the routed movements of oceanic water which are constantly flowing within the ocean or on the ocean surface. An ocean current is created by several forces and elements that act upon a unit mass of water in the ocean and such factors on an environmental scale include the gravitational pull of the […]

The River Nile and its contribution to ancient Egyptian Civilization

Summary The river Nile is known to be the world’s longest river (estimated to be 6500 kilometers long) and is strongly attributed to the ancient Egyptian civilization. The source of the river remained a mystery to the early inhabitants of ancient Egypt for a considerable amount of time. At first, it was believed to be […]