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Geology Essay Examples and Topics

Tectonic Plates

Their differences are explained in their mechanical, chemical subdivision and physical properties as illustrated in the table below; The resultant landscapes commonly associated with geological events includes activities such as oceanic trenches, earthquakes, mountain building [...]

The Paths of Water: Hydrological Cycle

The energy from the sun causes the water on the earth surface to "evaporate back to the atmosphere". Water changes from the gas state to liquid through condensation.

Rock Forming Materials and Weathering

Minerals are characterized by their chemical composition, specific physical properties, an ordered atomic arrangement. There are several types of rock-forming minerals.

Weathering: Definition, Types, and Impact

However, drawing a distinct line between the nature of causes is crucial for the further management of environmental issues, which is why most scholars prefer to restrict the concept of mechanical weathering to the effects [...]

Weathering Processes Forming the Grand Canyon

Other energies also played a part in the formation of the Canyon, such as continental drift, volcanism, the route of River Colorado, and small deviation in the orbit of the Earth.

Rocks and Minerals: Aplite, Coal, Quartz, Feldspar

While coal rocks are sedimentary rocks formed through biochemical reactions and are mostly related to shale, sandstone, and limestone, they differ from aplite in color since they are black, dark brown, or gray and also [...]

Lithology Logs and the Spontaneous Potential Method

The differences between the electronic potentials on the surface of different formations caused by the presence of pores and permeable beds allow determining different layers based on spontaneous potential and resistivity of the fluids.

Japan Oceanic Trench as a Subduction Zone

It is located on the floor of the Pacific Ocean, in the northeastern Japan waters. This result to increase in the density of the oceanic plate, forcing it to move into the mantle.

The Exceptional Color and Value of a Green Diamond

Thus, he characterizes the origin of the natural green color and the causes of this color in diamonds, explores the safety of irradiated diamonds, describes some of the most famous green diamonds, discusses the challenge [...]

Diamonds, Their History, Structure, and Use

Besides, diamonds are formed during the process of impact metamorphism in the course of the fall of large meteorites, for example in the Popigai astrobleme in the north of Siberia in Russia. Nowadays, diamonds are [...]

Great Lakes Formation and Volcanic Activity

The formation of the Long Valley caldera by an enormous volcanic activity formed the basis of formation of the great lakes such as Mammoth Lakes and Mono lakes along the Long Valley region.

Geology in Petroleum Engineering

This is the case because the foundation of the targeted oilfield structures must be designed in accordance with the aspects of the terrain.

Soil Erosion, Its Prediction, Measurement, Control

On the other hand, when there is erosion on the mountain range that gradually removes the crust materials from the surface, this surface becomes lighter as a result of the removal of weight and the [...]

Mid-Atlantic Ridge in Geologic Tour

It is necessary to note that one of the most important economic activities associated with a divergent plate boundary is the extraction of natural resources. Landslides and damaged dams were another major consequence of the [...]

Earth Mapping and Formation in History

During the period of antiquity, the first geologists generally concentrated on the origin of the Earth. Consequently, the Flood led to the discovery of fossils and using Christian argument to demonstrate that it was responsible [...]

Ice Cave and Glaciers in Cincinnati, Ohio

A recent visit that I paid to the Ohio Museum of Natural History and Science has shown that the properties of the local caverns can be simulated in the museum environment and that the model [...]

The Continental Drift’ Concept

Although a strange interlocking that shapes the coasts of Europe and Africa with those of the New World were found at the end of the sixteenth century, it took nearly 200 years for the empirical [...]

Deep Sea Mining: Salt Extraction

This therefore shows how important the process of evaporation is in regard to extraction of salt from the sea. This therefore explains that sea water is a cheap source of salt in terms of time [...]

Minerals and Their Geological Environments

According to Zussman, minerals are differentiated from each other by their specific characteristics that are as a result of the types of atoms used to form them and the arrangements of these atoms inside the [...]

Peridot – Natural Sciences

The first reason that explains why the topic is important relates to its ability to help individuals understand the significance of the mineral, while the second reason is its power to facilitate easy identification of [...]

Eradication of Emerald Ash Borer

The input of designers and artists was required to come up with lures, which ultimately led to a 40% increase in the number of EABs drawn from the trees.

Geological Processes of the South Asia

The Eurasian, the Australian, the Arabian, and the African Plates border with the Indian Plate. The crust of the Indian Plate was firmer and thicker that the crust of the Asian plate.

Halite’s Distinctive Characteristics

Drilling of halite occurs in Texas, where wells are drilled to reach the underground deposit of mineral salt. A mixture of hot water and the mineral is called brine.

Yosemite National Park Geology

Volcanic activity and tectonic movements led to the formation of the Sierra Nevada, and the Yosemite with it. Erosion and glaciers shaped numerous features of the landscape as it is known today.

Limestone Mineral in Tuynhuys Building

The interior of the building was fabricated with limestone blocks from this island in the Atlantic Ocean. The limestone used in the interior finishing of the Tuynhuys building came from the Tristan da Cunha Island.

Geology Issues: Earthquakes

The direction of the plates' movements and the sizes of the faults are different as well as the sizes of tectonic plates.

A Trip to the Center of the Earth

The center of the earth is very hot as a result of the materials that are found in it. The center of the earth is estimated to be at a temperature of 40000C.

Plate Tectonics

For instance, where there are volcanic eruptions during the convergence of the plates, magma solidifies on top of the oceanic crust to form a hard surface on the ocean.

Ocean Literacy

From the onset of "human-ocean interaction and exploration in the fifteenth century" and despite ocean being the largest feature of the earth, only 5% of the ocean is known.

History of Hurricane in Galveston

The storm is considered to lie on the 4th category of the tempest hurricane, and it had been recorded as the tropical storm in Mexico Gulf.

Coastal Erosion of Kivalina Island

Likewise, in Kivalina, the erosion of the coastal lands has led to fear and uncertainty among the people as the environment they depend on for their livelihood changes before their own eyes and the changes [...]

Alfred Wegener’s theory of continental drift

Although Wegener provided a lot of evidence-based on the discussion of continental fits and results of investigations in paleontology and paleoclimatology, the scientist failed to explain the mechanisms which made the blocks move, thus, only [...]

2008 and 2013 Sichuan Earthquakes in China

This was the worst and the most devastating earthquake since "the Tangshan earthquake of 1976 in China". In addition, impacts differ based on the number of fatalities and damages to property.

A Proposed Geological Disposal Facility

The primary purpose of the underground research facilities revolves around the detailed investigation of the entire repository site, in this context; the central objective is to explore the general processes that are placed into consideration [...]

Mitigation for earthquake and eruption

Since the energy is mainly derived from the sustained stress and deformation of the underlying rocks, the precursor signals of earthquakes especially in seismic zones are majorly based on the careful study of the earth's [...]

Earth’s Materials and Forces

These waves are also valuable for defining the distance between the place of earthquake and the seismograph. Intensity and magnitude are two parameters that are used to measure the strength of an earthquake.

Oil and Gas Drilling Industry

The oil and gas drilling industry is a section of the larger oil and gas industry. The drilling industry heavily depends on the prices of oil and gas on the international market.

Geology and its Significance

The major sub-disciplines of geology include economic geology, which involves the study of mining and petroleum, geochemistry, which involves the study of the structures of different Earth materials, and sedimentology, which involves the study of [...]

Geothermal Project in Eden

The project section describes the setting of the engineering project, and the social, economic, and environmental issues surrounding the same. The construction of a geothermal power plant and the subsequent extraction of geothermal power from [...]

The Asphalt History

Asphalt is the product that remains after distillation of crude oil although it could also be found as natural deposits in sea and lakebeds. Asphalt is the core product in the construction of roads and [...]

Natural gas, oil, coal, and Uranium in Russia

The country holds the largest natural gas reserves and is among the top ten in terms of crude oil reserves. In addition, Russia is the fifth producer and the third largest exporter of coal in [...]

Sculpturing of the earth’s surface

The aim of the article is to popularize the concept of flooding as an external force that acted in shaping the earth as much as glaciation.

Problems in Geology of Eldorado Springs

It gives a description of the soil formation in the area. The Eldorado springs mapping of landslide deposit, and specific surficial deposits, field evaluation of engineering characteristics of each unit of map, auger drilling, sampling [...]

Earth’s Structure and Formation

Hence, knowledge of the isotope that was present during the formation of the rock and the rate at which the unstable isotope changes can be used to establish the age of the rock depending on [...]

Geology: Introduction and Overview of Methods

With regard to the above-presented report, the purpose of the paper is to recreate the gradual stages of geological and stratigraphic changes in the identified area with the help of the information obtained from the [...]

Grand Canyon Geology

Other forces that also contributed to the formation of the Grand Canyon are; volcanism, continental drift, some vibrations in the orbit of the earth and many others. This is what caused the layers of rocks [...]

Geology of California

The type of rocks found in California are diverse because it is said that, the state experiences some of the most diverse geological forces; which have in turn created some of the most diverse mineral [...]

Latest Japanese Earthquake

The rate at which the pacific plate undergoes displacement is at eight to nine centimeter per annum, hence the plate subduction of the plate led to a discharge of large amounts of energy leading to [...]

Concepts of Dangerous and natural energy

If movement occurs in the lower layers of the earth the surface of the earth is disrupted as the displacement is experienced all the way to the top.

Critique of the geologic article

The urgency of the research presented in Simulation of adsorption of gold nanoparticles carried by gas ascending from the Earth's interior in alluvial cover of the middle lower reaches of the Yangtze River is connected [...]

The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake

The earthquake was accompanied by a great tsunami given the high magnitude of the earthquake that reached 9. The third disaster was the meltdown of a number of nuclear plants following the tsunami.

The Parkfield Earthquake Prediction Experiment

The seismic activity and the relatively regular sequence of the earthquakes in the area of San Paul Fault generated the interest of the geologists in exploring the processes in the rupture.

The Use of Fracking

Therefore, considering the loopholes that have been created by current federal laws, there is need for this method of mining natural gas to be abolished as it is not good at all.

Erosion and Deposition

The bonds between the soil particles are weakened by the agents of erosion. The impact of raindrops on the rock can force the disintegration of the rock particles.

Erosion and Deposition

Types and effects of erosion Water erosion is one of the major types of erosion. In conclusion, it is evident that deposition and erosion are major contributors towards the structure of landscapes.

Losing the Ground: Where Do Most Earthquakes Take Place?

Since, according to the above-mentioned information, natural earthquakes are most common in the places where the edges of tectonic plates meet, it is reasonable to suggest that earthquakes are most common in the countries that [...]

Sculpting Earth’s Surface Presentation

The processes that lead to the sculpting of the surface of the Earth have been attributed to the violent collisions that exist between the tectonic plates and the fragments of the rocky outer shell that [...]

Land Feature of Texas

The gravitational and conventional forces beneath the surface of the Earth forced the crustal layer of the Earth to divide and drift apart forming the presently existing continents.

The Rocks of Grand Canyon

The rocks, the trees, and the animals found in the Grand Canyon National Park, and the general nature of this place has seen it make visitors come to the region several times.

Natural Resources: Diamonds

The economy of Botswana is among the best in Africa because the country has large deposits of valuable diamonds. The production of diamonds from the three mines made Botswana to be among the leading diamond [...]

Kyanite Geology

In spite of the fact that Kyanite, andalusite, and sillimanite are polymorphs, their environments of formation are different. Kyanite and its polymorphs can be represented in the phase diagram below to demonstrate how pressure and [...]

Tsunami’s Causes

We shall dwell on the Shifts in the Tectonic plates as the reasoning behind the Tsunamis, but we have to understand the concept involved in the movement of the plate tectonics then how the earthquake [...]

Geology Issue – Nature of Earthquakes

Such an earthquake is caused by a combination of tectonic plate movement and movement of magma in the earth's crust. Continental drift is the motion of the Earth's tectonic plates relative to each other.

How to Mange Palouse Soils from Erosion

Owing to the importance of this soil it is therefore important to analyze the causes of its erosion, its effects and how it can be managed."The history of the erosion of Palouse soils can be [...]

Why the Central Saudi is Rich in Oil

Specifically, central Saudi Arabia consists of the world's richest oil fields that are concentrated in the Greater Ghawar province whose Paleozoic and Jurassic systems of the Arabian Peninsula are largely the sources of oil and [...]

The Geological composition of Larimar

The paper will bring forth the geological composition Larimar, the importance and uniqueness, reason why it should be appreciated as well as the value of the same in USD.

Energy & Fossil Fuels

Some of the possible risks associated with complete reliance of fossil energy to run the economy, security and welfare of the United States are its depletion and the inability to renew fossil energy.

Soil’s Effective Microorganisms

However, bigger organisms in the soil help in proper soil aeration and formation of a good soil structure hence, improving on the water retention abilities of the soil.

Sedimentary Rocks

The third class of sedimentary rocks is chemical sedimentary rocks; rocks that form because of super-saturation and precipitation of dissolved minerals.

Deep Sea Volcanoes and their Effects

Deep sea volcanoes are present under deep sea ridges of the ocean floor and the above research has been based on the amount of carbon dioxide that is present in depths of four kilometers on [...]

Sedimentary Rocks

The presence of the bedding surface enables the geologists to be in a position of telling the ages and is the indication that the rock was once sediments thus the term "Sedimentary Rock".

Ocean Currents

There are generally two types of ocean currents depending on the water level where the movement of oceanic water takes place and they are the deep ocean currents and the surface ocean currents.
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