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Scientific Method Essay Examples and Topics

Sources and Types of Data

So long as classroom and other forms of assessment are able to fulfill these particular methods of measurement then the data can be considered a valid means of measuring student achievement.

GPS Technology and Survey Process

This exercise is concerned with: acquiring information regarding procedures of GPS baseline survey Learning a skill "drive" a GPS receiver and the software exercise skills of communication such as writing reports Education of the self [...]

Research Methods for Islamic Cultural Studies

It follows that both ontological and epistemological positions of the inquirer have to be critically examined to ensure that adherence to the absolute orthodoxy of the positivist paradigm does not skew the results of the [...]

Case Study and Its Types in Research

To explore the concept of the case study research method, seven aspects will be addressed: history, rationale, types, areas of research, situations in which the case study method can be used, challenges associated with the [...]

Baloney Detection Kit Applied to Dark Matter Definition

The definition proceeds as 'The gravitational constant that reflects an implied resonance featuring an internal symmetry, creating an imposed reflection into the mass structure of the nucleonic forces.' At a glance, this statement seems to [...]

Measurements and Scaling Concepts

The scales are used to define the differences in students' performance."Before the measurement process can be initiated, the business research must identify the concept relevant to the problem.

Experimenter Effects and Control Measures

Apart from the preconceived ideologies of the researcher, effects not properly controlled, and experimenter influence on the participants, there are numerous experimenter effects including the use of inappropriate methodology, biases of the researcher, selective sample [...]

Path Analysis Technique

The use of the multiple regression model and the structural equation model as approaches to path analysis have some similarities and differences.

E-Mail Interviewing in Research: Benefits and Limits

E-mail interviews allow researchers and participants to review questions and responses and allow interviewees to reveal in-depth details about questions. Researchers can conduct multiple interviews simultaneously, create a rapport, and help to overcome the interviewer [...]

Narrative Inquiry as a Research Design

The main distinctive feature of a narrative interview is that it encourages the informant to share some crucial happenings of their life and the social context within which these events occurred.

The Concept of Research Impact

It can be argued that research impact is any influence that the findings of a study have on the community. The second component can be measured by reviewing the work from a perspective of the [...]

Social Capital and Its Quantitative Measurement

It allows the measurement of repeated observations over a period to determine changes in behavior. Thus, a cross-sectional design would help identify organizational policies or initiatives that promote the formation of new connections in workplace [...]

Ethics and Human Subjects Study Methodology

The researcher properly identifies the steps that were taken to design the article, beginning with the introduction of the key terms and approaches, providing empirical evidence, and ending with concluding remarks regarding the implementation of [...]

Research Methodology and Concepts

However, research questions and research variables are two of the most important concepts as they largely define the nature of the study and its orientation.

Qualitative Research of Technical Performance

Although qualitative research proves to be useful when collecting opinions, this field needs the application of quantitative methods to measure the effectiveness of technology maintenance on each of the studied spots.

Feminism and Gender Studies in Science

The first of them is concerned with the empirical observation of the fact that the particulars of one's gender affiliation have a notable effect on how he or she tends to perceive the surrounding reality, [...]

Research Methods and Surveying Techniques

Meanwhile, reliability focuses on the consistency and integrity of the measurements. Obviously, with interviews, the rate of response is high, but they are also costly and time-consuming due to staff involvement.

Self-Completion and Postal Questionnaires for Interview

In comparison to the structured interview where the presence of an interviewer is obvious, the self-completion questionnaire is characterized by certain pros and cons. As a rule, the self-completion questionnaire already contains an answer, and [...]

Focus Group Method in Research Process

The implementation of the focus group research method is better than the individual qualitative interview if an organizer of a study wants to have an understanding of how one's product or service is perceived by [...]

Research Challenges with Young Participants

This paper focuses on the deployment of kids as respondents in a study, the disorderliness of studies that involve children, and the consideration of moral practices when involving children in research as some of the [...]

External and Internal Validity in Research

Contrary to internal validity, which ensures the logic and reliability of the experiment's design, external validity aims to establish whether or not the study results can be used to make generalized conclusions.

The Basis of Modern Scientific Knowledge

A lot of the scientific theories and discoveries made in the early modern period, particularly those related to the understanding of our place in the universe, were also revolutionary and in some way defied, or [...]

Pedestrian Traffic Observation Case

To determine the number of shoppers in a mall located in a shopping center in the metropolitan city. To what extent do shoppers engage in shopping at a mall located in the central shopping center?

Research Sampling: Analysis and Design

The cost estimation will be helpful to consider in establishing the size of the sample. To conclude, the research process is entirely dependent on sampling, analysis and design.

The Basics and Methods of Social Research

In the light of current events taking place in the United States and impacting people in other parts of the world, I think that it is a good idea to investigate the question of social [...]

Criticism and Discussion in Science Evolution

The great significance of the given phenomenon is also proved by the fact that people have always been trying to determine the frames that limit the further evolution of scientific thought and to obtain pure [...]

Adult People’s Mean Height Statistics

The choice of a research method depends on the aim of the research and research questions put. Thus, one of the principles of an ethical research is concerned with the provision of the necessary information [...]

Surveys for Creating TV Campaign Ads

Other strengths of the questionnaire are its scalability in scientific analysis, the anonymity of the respondents, and flexibility in timing, irrespective of the aspect of a research topic or its complexity.

Relationship Between Fact and Theory

Considering the philosophical direction of this paper and the need to discuss the importance of facts regarding theories and vice versa, it could be difficult to find out which domination is possible and reasonable.

Foundations of Conducting Research

When conducting research, the fundamental distinction to remember between the inductive and deductive methods is that while the deductive method focuses on evaluating theories, the inductive method concentrates on creating new theories using available data.

Qualitative Data Collection Methods

Observation is quite similar to the method mentioned above as the researcher is not involved in the process. Nonetheless, this strategy can help the researcher to address the research goals and elicit participants' ideas on [...]

‘Formulating a Research Problem’ by Ranjit Kumar

The seven steps described in this chapter of the 'Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners' are: "identifying the problem of the research; acknowledging the importance of formulating a research problem; mentioning the sources of [...]

Pragmatism and Transformative Paradigm in Research

The purpose of this paper is to review pragmatism and the transformative paradigm concerning mixed methods research, analyze how these worldviews are applied in real-life contexts, compare assumptions that are typical of these paradigms, and [...]

Correlational and Longitudinal Study in Psychology

The goal of these studies was to demonstrate how attitudinally congruent social networks in comparison to attitudinally heterogeneous social networks could be related to the factor of attitude strength in different individuals.

Analysis, Evaluation and Synthesis Approaches

All sources chosen for the literature review support the constructivist theoretical framework specified by the author in the introduction due to the fact that the findings consistently align with the notion of students' active participation [...]

Rapid Critical Appraisal Process

While filling data in the evaluation table by taking each column at a time, it proved difficult to note the differences and similarities of the studies used easily.

“What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is” by Karl Weick

What makes the paragraph useful and enlightening is the fact that it sheds light on the significance of proper references for researchers, reviewers, and editors and singles out the typical mistakes. Overall, the present paragraph [...]

Psychological Research in Non-Governmental Agency

Of course I did not apply all the steps of the research process, which include: selecting and developing a research question, generating a research hypothesis, forming operational definitions, choosing a research design, evaluating the ethics, [...]

Mixed Methods Critique

In taking a two-phased mixed methods research, the authors of this article have tried to bring out the issues that relate to the topic of work ethics with much emphasis on the vocational students in [...]