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Scientific Method Essay Examples and Topics

Criticism and Discussion in Science Evolution

The great significance of the given phenomenon is also proved by the fact that people have always been trying to determine the frames that limit the further evolution of scientific thought and to obtain pure [...]

Adult People’s Mean Height Statistics

The choice of a research method depends on the aim of the research and research questions put. Thus, one of the principles of an ethical research is concerned with the provision of the necessary information [...]

Surveys for Creating TV Campaign Ads

Other strengths of the questionnaire are its scalability in scientific analysis, the anonymity of the respondents, and flexibility in timing, irrespective of the aspect of a research topic or its complexity.

Relationship Between Fact and Theory

Considering the philosophical direction of this paper and the need to discuss the importance of facts regarding theories and vice versa, it could be difficult to find out which domination is possible and reasonable.

Foundations of Conducting Research

When conducting research, the fundamental distinction to remember between the inductive and deductive methods is that while the deductive method focuses on evaluating theories, the inductive method concentrates on creating new theories using available data.

Qualitative Data Collection Methods

Observation is quite similar to the method mentioned above as the researcher is not involved in the process. Nonetheless, this strategy can help the researcher to address the research goals and elicit participants' ideas on [...]

‘Formulating a Research Problem’ by Ranjit Kumar

The seven steps described in this chapter of the 'Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners' are: "identifying the problem of the research; acknowledging the importance of formulating a research problem; mentioning the sources of [...]

Pragmatism and Transformative Paradigm in Research

The purpose of this paper is to review pragmatism and the transformative paradigm concerning mixed methods research, analyze how these worldviews are applied in real-life contexts, compare assumptions that are typical of these paradigms, and [...]

Correlational and Longitudinal Study in Psychology

The goal of these studies was to demonstrate how attitudinally congruent social networks in comparison to attitudinally heterogeneous social networks could be related to the factor of attitude strength in different individuals.

Analysis, Evaluation and Synthesis Approaches

All sources chosen for the literature review support the constructivist theoretical framework specified by the author in the introduction due to the fact that the findings consistently align with the notion of students' active participation [...]

Rapid Critical Appraisal Process

While filling data in the evaluation table by taking each column at a time, it proved difficult to note the differences and similarities of the studies used easily.

“What Theory Is Not, Theorizing Is” by Karl Weick

What makes the paragraph useful and enlightening is the fact that it sheds light on the significance of proper references for researchers, reviewers, and editors and singles out the typical mistakes. Overall, the present paragraph [...]

Psychological Research in Non-Governmental Agency

Of course I did not apply all the steps of the research process, which include: selecting and developing a research question, generating a research hypothesis, forming operational definitions, choosing a research design, evaluating the ethics, [...]

Mixed Methods Critique

In taking a two-phased mixed methods research, the authors of this article have tried to bring out the issues that relate to the topic of work ethics with much emphasis on the vocational students in [...]

Methodology of a Qualitative Inquiry

In the aftermath of having conducted the study's empirical and analytical phases, Lei-Yu Wu determined that a particular organization's ability to address competitive challenges, by the mean of relying on its well-established access to the [...]

Theoretical and Empirical Research in Journals

Human Resource Development Quarterly was the first academic journal in the field of human resource development. This publication is affiliated to the Society for Human Resource Management and the University of Michigan, based in America.

Reliability as a Statistical Test

Test-retest is a reliability test that measures the reliability of an instrument or method of measurement over a given period. Test-retest reliability is subject to error of measurement that emanates from the defective measurement of [...]

Research Consumers and Their Characteristics

Since consumers are people who understand the qualities and the use of a given product, research consumers are people who understand the qualities of research and the application of research concepts.

US Higher Education Research Critique

Some questions seek to determine the credibility of the research, while others seek to determine the integrity of the research. The research design comprises of the research questions, accounts for the data collection and analysis [...]

Quantitative and Qualitative Paradigms’ Characteristics

With the two research paradigms defined, the paper concentrates on establishing the difference in characteristics of the two models, based on philosophy, ontology, epistemology, and methodology. Ontology concentrates on the multiplicity of realities with the [...]

Quantitative Research Methods’ Types

The Independent variable is manipulated to determine effects on the dependent variables, and this is on subjects that are randomly assigned to the treatments in the experiment, they are not identified in natural groups as [...]

Tobit Model in Econometrics

In a case of an analysis involving the general income as the dependent variable, if the available data is on the high-income group of the population, then a truncation in the analysis will result.

Concept Paper and Research Study

A concept paper is a project idea, which is usually brief and highlights the main components of the main research project before embarking on developing a proposal.

Research Methodology in the Field of Education

The other factor to consider when determining the research design is the availability of data for the research. The other disadvantage is that an established conceptual framework has the possibility of backfiring, especially if the [...]

Research Design: Methods and Approaches

The authors have used the best approach to describe and address the above problem. The article gives the best background information in order to inform the reader about the issues affecting such English inquiries.

Data Saturation and Variability

From a theoretical perspective, data saturation is a critical technique in determining the sample sizes required in qualitative research. From this perspective, variability code frequency and stability is critical to data saturation and the qualitative [...]

Variables and Measurements in Research

For instance, in a study on the use of a limb sock to reduce edematous residual limbs, the limb sock is an independent variable while the dependent variable is the residual limb.

Management Theories and Their Permanence

While considering the permanence of a theory, it is crucial to apply efficient tools for measuring its validity. Thus, one cannot claim that a theory is inconsistent due to the distant timeframes of its foundation.

Epistemological Stance in Management Research

As a result, it appears that while the epistemological stance is significant for any researcher, for the strong constructionism, it is of particular importance, since, for this stance, the researcher is deeply engaged in the [...]

Correlation and Causation Distinction

In such a study data analysis and statistics should include both the patterns that prove causality and the ones that work against it. Only in this case, the study is fair and unbiased.

Correlation and Causation Differences

This will require quantitative data to determine the correlation between the two variables. A positive or negative association between the variables will suggest a causal relationship.

Systems Theory: History and Concepts

According to Hammond, when viewed from the context of history and evolution of social thought, it appears that the science related to unified systems theory is a product of 20th-century thinking.

The Logic of Using Quantitative Data

As far as the types of quantitative data required to show the results of an intervention are concerned, it can be suggested that the information including the grades that the students receive for their performance, [...]

Scientific Contribution to Militarization

Since the discovery of the modern day science, it has been used to advance the societal welfare in a similar way in which it has been applied in activities that contribute to the destruction of [...]

Quantitative Researches Methods

The main peculiarity of the work of this method is the special algorithm that is created for each case. The data obtained with the help of this experiment is taken into account and creates the [...]

Citations in the Scholarly Papers

As stated by both Hyland and Giltrow, citations are used to define the field of investigation and the area in which there is a need for additional research.

Core Readings in Systems Thinking

The topics include the challenges in studying complex systems, qualitative mapping, quantitative models, addressing system failures, and the importance of defining the success of IT projects.

Secondary Data Analysis: Principles and Methods

Statistics is the process of data collection, data analysis and interpretation of the data and making meaningful conclusions and generalizations. Planning involves identifying the target population, methods to use, sources of data, and requirements and [...]

Delambre-Mechain Geodetic Survey

The academy was concerned of the inconsistency of the measurements that were in use at that time, and believed that developing a new system based on invariable natural base would be the solution to the [...]

Quantitative Data’ Analyzing in Social Research

Babbie explores the methods for converting data to numerical forms and presenting them in the form of statistical analyses in terms of quantitative analysis and special features of univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. The first [...]

Survival Analysis Methodology and Application

Finally, the findings of the studies that are discussed in the paper show the usefulness of survival analysis. Over the years, scholars have utilized the discipline in the field of medicine in order to study [...]

Christian Worldview on Knowledge & Truth

The scientific method can be used as a way of seeking knowledge and truth especially by the Christians in trying to explain the existence of God who created the heavens and the earth.

Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research Designs

The author of the study aims at exploring the transfer of British retail firms' human resource practices from the United Kingdom to the Republic of China. The study also seeks to establish the limits of [...]