From a theoretical perspective, data saturation is a critical technique in determining the sample sizes required in qualitative research. From this perspective, variability code frequency and stability is critical to data saturation and the qualitative [...]
For instance, in a study on the use of a limb sock to reduce edematous residual limbs, the limb sock is an independent variable while the dependent variable is the residual limb.
In his article he has given 12 useful steps that a person diagnosed with cancer can use to lessen the severity of the disease.
While considering the permanence of a theory, it is crucial to apply efficient tools for measuring its validity. Thus, one cannot claim that a theory is inconsistent due to the distant timeframes of its foundation.
The characteristic feature of the nonprobability sampling is that this type of research sampling does not include a random collection of data, in contrast to the probability sampling.
As a result, it appears that while the epistemological stance is significant for any researcher, for the strong constructionism, it is of particular importance, since, for this stance, the researcher is deeply engaged in the [...]
A dependent variable is more interesting to a researcher because it turns out to be a part of a hypothesis that should be proved, and an independent variable can influence the dependent one in a [...]
In such a study data analysis and statistics should include both the patterns that prove causality and the ones that work against it. Only in this case, the study is fair and unbiased.
This will require quantitative data to determine the correlation between the two variables. A positive or negative association between the variables will suggest a causal relationship.
Another aspect that needs to be discussed is that it may be necessary to repeat the testing process a few days later to identify possible changes in attitude, and it is not an easy task [...]
According to Hammond, when viewed from the context of history and evolution of social thought, it appears that the science related to unified systems theory is a product of 20th-century thinking.
One of the main disadvantages of this experimental design is that it has a limited ability to compare studies because of the possible variations that may exist.
As far as the types of quantitative data required to show the results of an intervention are concerned, it can be suggested that the information including the grades that the students receive for their performance, [...]
During the first stage, the quotes were reviewed and organized according to the author of the words. The second step was the process of identifying the units of meaning in the quotes.
One of the advantages of the quantitative analysis is that it is based on numbers, different forms of graphs and tablets and in such a way provides a scientific respectability of the social research.
Since the discovery of the modern day science, it has been used to advance the societal welfare in a similar way in which it has been applied in activities that contribute to the destruction of [...]
A researcher should define the connection between each detail of the work and make the right choice to be sure in the results that are expected at the end of the whole project.
To demonstrate the spatial information of various land covers within an image To use image enhancing techniques and derive the NDVI to be applied in interpretation of the location and areal extent of forest and [...]
The main peculiarity of the work of this method is the special algorithm that is created for each case. The data obtained with the help of this experiment is taken into account and creates the [...]
As stated by both Hyland and Giltrow, citations are used to define the field of investigation and the area in which there is a need for additional research.
In most of the text, the author monitors the order of Ptolemy's book carefully. According to the author, a few scholars who have investigated Ptolemy's contribution have not specialized in the history of science.
This explanation of research is reliable taking into account a wide concept of research and investigational progress as containing resourceful work embarked on an organized source in order to add to the data collected as [...]
The topics include the challenges in studying complex systems, qualitative mapping, quantitative models, addressing system failures, and the importance of defining the success of IT projects.
Statistics is the process of data collection, data analysis and interpretation of the data and making meaningful conclusions and generalizations. Planning involves identifying the target population, methods to use, sources of data, and requirements and [...]
The advantage of interviews is that it allows the researcher to have detailed and in-depth questions and responses and minimizes non-response.
The participants were sampled from the visitors attending the Angelo Street Marketplace celebrations, the Waterford Plaza Street festival, the Light up the night event, and the Fiesta Concert Showcase.
The academy was concerned of the inconsistency of the measurements that were in use at that time, and believed that developing a new system based on invariable natural base would be the solution to the [...]
Babbie explores the methods for converting data to numerical forms and presenting them in the form of statistical analyses in terms of quantitative analysis and special features of univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. The first [...]
The development of arts and sciences, as well as old science in Islamic the empire, is explained by the inquisitive and speculative nature of the Arab people from long ago.
Finally, the findings of the studies that are discussed in the paper show the usefulness of survival analysis. Over the years, scholars have utilized the discipline in the field of medicine in order to study [...]
The scientific method can be used as a way of seeking knowledge and truth especially by the Christians in trying to explain the existence of God who created the heavens and the earth.
The author of the study aims at exploring the transfer of British retail firms' human resource practices from the United Kingdom to the Republic of China. The study also seeks to establish the limits of [...]
Lastly, the researchers should consider the target participants and audience of the study to ensure that the research questions suit the two groups.
The terms also play a similar role in the world of science which is a hub of new discoveries and ancient principles.
Defining a research problem may involve first developing a succinct conceptualization of the problem and later defining its aspects and categories in regard to the nature of the content to be analyzed.
In this regard, the research will have to use their responses even when a number of them are simply demonstrating their response biases. In this regard, some of the participants did not want to participate [...]
Pilot Study The purpose of the pilot test will be to test the credibility of the survey. The first step in qualitative analysis of data will be data reduction.
The qualitative research contradiction dwells on the dispute between the supporters and the opposing forces of the study design implementation. Though the reviewed type of the analysis is based on subjective assumptions, it has to [...]
Qualitative research is defined as a type of research that explains phenomena according to numerical data which are analyzed by means of statistical methods and techniques, while qualitative research is defined as an emergent, inductive, [...]
A good number of universities in UAE have introduced research based programs in order to improve the quality of research in the country.
This model captured the complexity of different variables in the study and therefore made the results to be highly valid. From the large number of measures evaluated during the study, the results were highly comprehensive [...]
A theory is very important to a theorist for the following reasons: First, a theory organizes and summarizes knowledge. In conclusion, it is reasonable to assert that theory is indispensable to a theorist for the [...]
In this respect, the scientific hypothesis should allow room for testing of the stated hypothesis once the results and outcome of the research have been analyzed.
The first step is to know and identify the need for data collection. Approaches and methods to be used depend on organization's resources, the type of issues, and the purpose of data collection.
One of the strengths of this approach is that a researcher is able to compensate for the limitations of one approach by utilizing the strengths of the other approach.
This has led to significant changes in concepts of the theory of sensation. Concepts are essential in development of theories.
After reading this article, I came to the conclusion that it is necessary to pay extra attention not only to the author of the article, but also to the periodical.
A research abstract gives a summary of the study, including the purpose, the methods used by the researchers, the sampling approach, and the study findings.
The advancement of the interpretive method is established upon the criticism of the positivist approach in communal sciences. I and the other supporters of the interpretive research assume that it is crucial for the satisfactory [...]
Multi-method research can be considered as one of the most effective designs for the development and study of the most problematic questions.
Therefore, the main difference between the inductive and deductive approaches consists in the way of expression of the arguments. In this example, the conclusions are based on the personal experience and moves from the particular [...]
In fact, in the use of questionnaires, various concepts can be put into operation while maintaining the objective of the research because the there will be a clear distance between the observer and the respondent [...]
This is because justifying the research problem permits a researcher to continue with the study. Thus, for students choosing the problem to investigate helps guide the progressions necessary in the research.
Emic approach is used when researchers give an account as well as a description of a particular culture in a community by analyzing the data collected and delivering appropriate categories and conceptual schemes that are [...]
Cohen says that unlike the written form, recording spoken data provides a rich source for the analysis process, because besides the message it carries, the researcher is able to analyze the respondents and determine the [...]
The scope or the locus of the research is the place or the context in which the research will take place.
Though many scholars applaud the use of case studies in answering research questions, this essay established that this approach has its own disadvantages.
The analysis of the disparity between the two methodologies will analyze various perspectives of qualitative and quantitative research. This owes to the variation in the basic objectives of the two designs.
The locus of the study is the core network, and this refers to the implementation of the initiative of desktop virtualization.
The problems are: the question to be studied, making the data relevant to be incorporated in the study, the data that a researcher need to collect and how the data collected may be analyzed.
The article starts by stating that, the relationship between teachers and students seems to be oppressive and imposing; thus, it hinders the process of conducting effective research and affects the validity of findings.
Ross argues that the findings of a qualitative research that employs interviews as a mode of data collection, is subject to criticism because of the direct influence of the researcher.
In interviews, the respondent provides the primary data for the study and the views of the researcher are not important as most of the information comes from the respondent.
For example, the construct of case studies contributes to the validity of its internal mechanisms through the use of a range of indicators for analyzing the theoretical intrigues of a research analysis.
The author demonstrates the relevance of the practice norms by suggesting the reason for the failure of the antisepsis theory in comparison to the asepsis theory that surgeons effectively implemented because it harmonized with the [...]
Furthermore, the method is too expensive since the researcher would have to stay with the researched in order to study their behaviour.
The main subjects included the history of the society, religious and cultural beliefs of the society and the unexpected behaviors of the people.
The research can publish the results of the scientific method. The researcher can publish the results of the scientific method on the data analysis and interpretation experiment.
This means that cultural artifacts of people such as the heroes of the religion or the prophets who interpreted the religion create the boundaries in what the people subscribing to particular religion believe in.
In this light, the main focus of this method is finding fault with a proposed theory; people already have a notion about what the research to be carried out entails, and they just wait for [...]
For the author, it is very important to learn more, to improve the personal experience and, as the result, to get an access to the wide information as the source of the ideas, arguments and [...]
There are different types of research, including qualitative research, historical research, experimental research, and descriptive research. According to Leedy & Ormrod, qualitative research studies can serve various purposes including interpretation of different phenomena, description of [...]
The steps involved in defining a research problem include the identification of a broad topic, followed by the identification of a narrow topic.
Selection of the sources of information or the participants is based on the ability of such participants to provide useful information on the subject under study.
Paradigm is a system of beliefs and theories that have accumulated in the course of human history and have become the basis of modern knowledge.
A sample survey is therefore the survey conducted on the selected items of the total population. Through the sample survey, Superb Consultants will be able to interview part of the employee population to gather information [...]
Apparently, the quality of today's social research is being hindered by social scientists' inability to understand a simple fact that, just as is it is being the case with plants and animals, the representatives of [...]
A business only approach to the study of the viability of the oil pipeline will provide no insight to the extent of the social and economic cost of the proposed project.
In quantitative research paradigms, this is relatively easy to determine because there is often a construct or hypothesis that forms the basis of research and data collection.
She was instrumental in the attainment of results obtained from a research study that focused on treatment of neoplasms. Her research work and achievements in the study of radioactivity have contributed significantly to advancement of [...]
On the other hand, the general public relies on observation and perception to develop a view that influences the position of science and scientist in the society.
A researcher needs to seek the consent of all people he wants to include in a research study before it is conducted. Therefore, a researcher is able to reveal processes used to come with findings [...]
Reliable data from a research study should be relevant to the problems that the researcher should solve to help in the decision-making process. For a research to be valid, the results should be verified by [...]
Conclusively, the aspect on sex as an element, which contributed to the extinction of dinosaurs lacks enough support to qualify as a fact. Therefore, due to the lack of tangible evidence and a testable hypothesis [...]
The instruments used to obtain and categorize responses to research questions are more rigid in quantitative research compared to those used in qualitative research which is more flexible.
The dependent variables that were being considered for the study and whose measurements were used for determination of the success of the study and to test the hypothesis included the heart rate, which is the [...]
Therefore, the basic argument of the empiricists is that the knowledge of the nature of the world is accumulated with time through daily experiences that an individual goes through.
Nature can tempt one to conclude that he/she is conversant with a thing while the opposite is the case. It is from the experiment that data arises that is used to prove wrong or right [...]
In such case, the hypothesis, created according to Popper's theory of falsification, cannot be disproved, and this is what is necessary for science.
The major distinction in the ways in which two fields of understanding try to reach their inference too is the source of the variation in the manner in which they persuade or convince others.
It is the purpose of this paper to identify and discuss some of existing non-experimental research methods and the type of data that could be used in each of the discussed methods.
Through the studies of natural sciences, man has realized the reasons why there have been changes in climate and thus has resorted to use products that are friendly to the environment.
One of the most important features of a scientific claim, thus, a genuine science as well, is empirical falsifiability which provides that scientific claim can be either false or true.