The population of the Earth grows rapidly, making overpopulation a crucial environmental problem. At the same time, areas of high population growth are associated with increased child mortality. According to You et al., people in the regions with the increased birth rate have a relatively low income, and many of the families live below the poverty line (2276). At present, there are approximately 7 billion people living on the planet, and 2 billion of them are the poor (Rosling). Child mortality rates are distributed unevenly among the population, with six out of seven million child deaths occurring in families with low income (Rosling). The primary reasons for the matter are limited access to healthcare, food insecurity, and homelessness. Therefore, an indirect link can be established between areas of high population growth and high child mortality, as people living in these regions have low incomes.
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Rosling, Han. “Population Growth and Climate Change Explained by Hans Rosling – a Video.” The Guardian, 2013, Web.
You, Danzhen, et al. “Global, Regional, and National Levels and Trends in under-5 Mortality between 1990 and 2015, with Scenario-Based Projections to 2030: A Systematic Analysis by the UN Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation”. The Lancet, vol. 386, no. 10010, 2015, pp. 2275-2286. Web.