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“Carl Jung in the twenty-first century” by David Carter Research Paper


In this article, David Carter examines the ideas of Carl Jung and their current relevance. First of all, the author points out that this psychologist took interest in many questions such as evolutionary development, aggression, superstition, and biases (2011, p. 442). These issues continue to attract the attention of modern researchers.

Additionally, this scholar focuses on such a concept as collective unconscious developed Carl Jung (2011, p. 444). This notion can throw light on many aspects of group behavior. Additionally, David Carter refers to empirical studies that can demonstrate the validity of Jungian theories (2011, p. 447). The author discusses studies that examine the relations between physiological processes within the brain and some of the ideas introduced by Carl Jung.

Furthermore, David Carter focuses on Jungian concept of archetype and the way in which it was developed. He discusses the relevance of this concept to modern psychologists. This author argues that the questions raised by Karl Jung will be further examined by later generations of psychologists. Overall, this source gives a good overview of Jungian theories.

This article can be of great use to students who have some background knowledge of psychology. Nevertheless, the discussion given by David Carter can help the readers better understand the complexities of Jungian theories and their importance for contemporary psychology. This is the main argument that one can make.

Robert Dolliver (1994) discusses various personality theories, especially those ones that are related to extraversion and introversion. In particular, the writer compares the ideas of Jung, Adler, and Freud. It should be noted that Car Jung was one of the first psychologists who introduced various personality types. Furthermore, he introduced such types as extraverts and introverts (Dolliver, 1994, p. 195).

Jung did not provide the definition of these terms, but he always strived to determine whether a person was concerned with ones internal life or interpersonal relations (Dolliver, 1994). In his opinion, the tendency to introversion or extroversion shapes the behavior of a person. This is one of the main contributions that Jung made to psychology because such concepts as introversion and extraversion are often used by social researchers and educators.

On the whole, this source.can be of great value to people who are interested in the development of Jungian theories. First of all, the author shows that how the ideas of Carl Jung were influenced by other people, namely Freud and Adler. Moreover, Robert Dolliver (1994) shows how he came to his major conclusions about the personality. This article can throw light on the development of psychological concepts and theories that are often studied by modern researchers. This is why this source is worth attention.

The book written by Barbara Engler (2008) is aimed at proving the introduction to personality theories. The author discusses the most important ideas in the history of personality theory. Furthermore, she discusses the current and future trends in this field of psychology. It should be noted that Barbara Engler discusses the contributions of Carl Jung (2008, p. 68).

In particular, she focuses on Jung’s understanding of such a concept as psyche. Furthermore, the author looks at his theory of archetypes. She also discusses Jungian approach to psychotherapy and current practices of clinicians (Engler, 2008). It should be noted that the ideas of Carl Jung’s views are often used for the treatment of addiction. Therefore, one can say that this book can tell about the contemporary relevance of Jungian theories. These are the main ideas that the writer examines in her book.

On the whole, this book can help students gain a better understanding of various personality theories. Different chapters of this book show how this psychological framework evolved with time passing and why it should be considered by psychologists. Furthermore, it can be read by a person who does not have prior knowledge of Jungian ideas. This is probably the main advantage of this source.

This article by John Merchant (2009) is aimed evaluating the theory of archetypes and its practical implications. In particular, this scholar focuses on the ideas of Carl Jung who introduced the concept of archetypes (2009, p. 339). First of all, John Merchant notes that archetypes are social constructs which are based on the common experiences of people (2009, p. 340).

To a great extent, they can be viewed as the models of a persons behavior, values, attitudes, and perception of the world. John Merchant argues that it is difficult to demonstrate the existence of archetypes in an empirical way (2009, p. 339). Nevertheless, these notions are important for the work of analysts and clinicians. Moreover, he refers to the Knox’s model which is now adopted by therapists (Merchant, 2009, p. 354). These are the main issues that author discusses in this article.

There are several reasons why this source should be considered. First of all, John Merchant explains some of the most important and complex ideas introduced by Carl Jung. More importantly, the author discusses the current status of archetype theory. Certainly, this article is mostly intended for professional audience who has some prior knowledge of Jungian theories. However, this source can give readers deep insights into the ideas of Carl Jung.

In his research article, David Pierce (2005) discusses the relationship between personality types and occupational injuries in the workplace. One of the conjectures that the author makes is that certain personality types are more likely to sustain injuries. This source is quite valuable because it gives a good overview of personality theory.

First of all, he introduces the so-called Jungian typology according which there are four criteria that should be considered, namely, introversion, extraversion, rationality, and irrationality (Pierce, 2005, p. 42).

Additionally, this author discusses further development of this theory, for instance, he focuses on the work Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers who developed the method of determining a personality types (Pierce, 2005, p. 43). Moreover, David Pierce refers to the ideas of David Keirsey who also made significant contributions to the study of personality types.

This article is important for several reasons. First of all, the writer gives an accurate and clear account of Jungian view on personality. Secondly, the author shows how his models were later evolved by other researchers.

Finally, this study shows how the concept of personality type can be examined in an empirical way. Moreover, this research shows the implications for these concepts for occupational research. This is why David Pierce’s article should not be overlooked by people who are interested in the theories of Carl Jung, and their applications.

The book written by Michael Thorne and Tracy Henley (2005) is a good introduction to the history of ideas of psychology. The authors enable readers to understand the connections between various psychological theories, models, and approaches. One can say that the writers emphasize long-term implications of various ideas.

Furthermore, Michael Thorne and Tracy Henley discuss Jungian theories and their importance for modern psychologists, educators, or medical workers. This book can be of great use to people who want to understand the evolution of different ideas and models. This is one of the main strengths of this book.

It should be taken into account that Thorne and Henley take an interdisciplinary approach to various psychological questions. For example, they can draw parallels between the ideas of Leibniz and cognitive psychology (Thorne & Henley, 2005). Similarly, they discuss different implications of Jungian theories for various researchers.

So, this book enables readers to understand the applications of psychological ideas. Certainly, it cannot give students in-depth knowledge of Carl Jung’s work. Nevertheless, it can be a good starting point for many readers. This is the main benefit that one can expect from this source.

Reference List

Carter, D. (2011). Carl Jung in the twenty-first century. Contemporary Review, 293(1703), 441-451.

Dolliver, R. (1994). Classifying the personality theories and personalities of Adler, Freud, and Jung with. Individual Psychology: The Journal of Adlerian Theory, Research & Practice, 50(2), 192-202.

Engler, B. (2008). Personality Theories: An Introduction. New York: Cengage Learning.

Merchant, J. (2009). A reappraisal of classical archetype theory and its implications for theory and practice. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 54(3), 339-358.

Pierce, F. (2005). Personality types & injuries. Professional Safety, 50(3), 42-50.

Thorne, B., & Henley, T. (2005). Connections in the history and systems of psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

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IvyPanda. (2019, May 7). "Carl Jung in the twenty-first century" by David Carter. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/carl-jung/

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""Carl Jung in the twenty-first century" by David Carter." IvyPanda, 7 May 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/carl-jung/.

1. IvyPanda. ""Carl Jung in the twenty-first century" by David Carter." May 7, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/carl-jung/.


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IvyPanda. ""Carl Jung in the twenty-first century" by David Carter." May 7, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/carl-jung/.

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IvyPanda. 2019. ""Carl Jung in the twenty-first century" by David Carter." May 7, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/carl-jung/.

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IvyPanda. (2019) '"Carl Jung in the twenty-first century" by David Carter'. 7 May.

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