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Child labor nowadays is regarded as one of the kinds of child exploitation. Approximately 250 million children from developing countries, staying at the age between five and fourteen are involved in earning their living. Nearly 120 million of these children are involved in full-time works, and most of them work under tyrannical, exploitative, and dangerous conditions. As the researches by the International Labor Organization show, about 61% of working children can be found in Asia, 32% are from Africa, 7% of working children are from Latin America and the Caribbean region (Grey, p. 139). United Nations Organization and the International Labor Organization regard child labor as the form of exploitation, and stipulated the following thesis in article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child:…States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development. (Kuper, p. 19).
The commonly accepted governmental approaches are usually directed against children labor. But the fact is that children continue working in spite of any law projects. Instead of abolishing children to work (this is the easiest, but not efficient enough way to solve the problem) governments and international organizations need to provide norms and observations on protecting children’s labor rights, and, of course, prevent the violations of these rights. The laws should also provide the distinction between exploitative and non-exploitative child labor, in order kids could earn pocket money without any law difficulties for the employer, or in the case, if a child works in order to help his/her family. But the amendment on exploitation should also be elaborated
On the other hand children slavery, military use of children, prostitution of children should be completely eliminated. And, it should be highlighted, necessary steps to it have been already made by international organizations, and the important conditions are fixed in International Humanitarian Law.
Moral choices and their consequences
In our daily life, we are obliged to make choices. Moral choices which we face, usually relate to various angles of humanity and honor. The choices we make usually impact our further life like any others. It can affect the treatment of surrounding people, the development of someone’s career, the relations among the family, or within the employees.
Moral choice as a problem that faces any responsible employee is a widespread phenomenon in business life. The cost of such a choice can vary greatly, from the very trinket, up to someone’s career or even life. The most common choice is, undoubtedly, when an employer gives favor to his/her friend, instead of a more experienced (thus more valuable) expert.
The case I’d like to describe is also rather a common one and could happen to anyone, working in the banking sphere, that’s why it’s needlessly to give names. A friend of mine (for simplicity let’s call him “J”) had to make very important for him a choice. Being a credit expert in one of the banks, J was ordered by his boss to give credit to some insolvent company. Having realized, that this financial operation could harm his career, J addressed the boss and faced a choice, either giving credit or being fired. J pro-and-coned all the variants and decided that the retirement would be the best one. This way, the boss’s ambitions faced J at the need to make a significant selection, and the boss himself lost rather a valuable employee.
- Bullard, Madeleine Grey. “Child Labor Prohibitions Are Universal, Binding, and Obligatory Law: The Evolving State of Customary International Law concerning the Unempowered Child Laborer.” Houston Journal of International Law 24.1 (2001): 139
- Kuper, Jenny. International Law concerning Child Civilians in Armed Conflict. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.
- “Business Standards and Ethics” – 2007; Walt Disney Company. Web.