Earlier political development in China led to two states from the earlier revolutions. The Nationalist Party was based in Nanjing under Chiang Kai-shek and was governing the whole of Shanghai province. Then there was the mainland state which was under the Communism Part. In 1937, there was an outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War and more civil wars followed. The Nationalist party based in Nanjing defected in this civil war leading to the rise of Mao Ze Dong and consequently, he assumed power and consequently becoming Chairman of the communist party in 1942 and consequently started the rectification movement during the period of the Ant-Japanese war.
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This ratification was aimed at bringing new ideologies to China. Mao’s thought was considered as the single ideological guide that would lead the Communist Party and the whole of China. In the Mao guideline, it was stated that the leadership should not be delineated from those that it is leading. This was referred to as the mass-line policy.
The Communist Party was also able to wash the masses off the Japanese imperialism ideologies. Japanese used ruthless imperialism policies. Mao was able to articulate nationalism to the people of China which was spread to all the city residents and peasant farmers. They advocated for anti-imperialism and nationalism policies. The communist party also realized that in order to create cohesive China, people had to have some degree of loyalty.
Therefore in the rectification movement was launched with an aim of making the people become more loyal to the party and to have some degree of cohesiveness. The party realized that it had recruited many members during the war and could not count on loyalty from all the new members. Many of the members were also illiterate with questionable qualities. The rectification process was supposed to be a harsh process that was meant to indoctrinate the new members to the ideologies of the party. It was meant to lift the internal cohesion within the party and also to make the party more unified under one leadership.
As the war continued, the Communist Party continued to recruit more members in its guerilla wing which was able to create buffer zones between Japanese soldiers and the people of China. Their continued resistance to Japanese policies of burning, rooting, and killing made it closer to the people. People saw the party as their only hope in the war and in making progressive China. Hence the ideologies advanced by Mao seemed to have succeeded in creating a unified China under one leadership that was able to resist invasion by Japan. Although the process of rectification was seen as harsh and inhuman in some instances, it brought the much-desired results at the end of it all.
China became more unified and able to resist the aggressive invasion of Japan. China was able to participate in the fight against fascism. These policies helped to create a more unified China with a central unified administration that was closer to the people than the Chiang government that governed Shanghai Province. The policies also helped to recruit more members to the party with an estimated 1.2 million members controlling more than 90 million people.
People had trust in the revolution and also trust in the leadership of the Communist party and that is why they supported it. After the fall of the defeat of Japan in 1945 by America, the Chiang government came to be recognized as the legal government of China and returned to Nanjing in 1946 with the support of Americans.
Efforts to form a coalition government between the two governments resulted in a civil war in which Nanjing was capture by the Community party in 1949 and by October the same year the Peoples Republic of China under Mao Zedong was born.