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Clinical Interviewing: Main Aspects Essay


The given readings provide essential insights regarding the issue of motivational interviewing (MI) in the clinical environment. In their research study, Miller and Rose (2009) pinpoint that MI should be composed of the two elements: the relational component with a focus on empathy and relationships and the technical one that implies reinforcement of patients’ change talk. The causal chain appearing as a result of such an approach connects therapists and clients.

Hays (2001) discusses the culturally responsive therapy that can be applied to such levels as family, couple, individuals, groups, etc. This approach recognizes that culture and society significantly affect patients’ lives. Therefore, it is critical for a therapist to be aware of diversity, adaptation techniques, and non-verbal expressions to create a multicultural environment, in which people would be able to receive and provide support to others.

The article by Sobell and Sobell (2008) reflects on examples of MI techniques and strategies. The authors cover such approaches as asking permission, eliciting change talk, exploring confidence and significance, listening, decisional balancing, feedback, etc. Explaining every issue in detail, they provide specific questions or phrases that may be used to communicate with patients. This article is guidance to use in practice with the aim of establishing good relationships with clients.

Morrison (2014) focuses on the first interviews with patients regarding their history of the present illnesses, feelings, and social and personal issues that may worry them. The awareness of the enumerated aspects is likely to provide a therapist with valuable information and help to improve health outcomes in patients. Both negative and positive feelings and events, childhood history, and family background are important and should be revealed via emotional cues.

References

Hays, P. A. (2001). How to help best: Culturally responsive therapy. In P. A. Hays (Ed.), Addressing cultural complexities in practice: A framework for clinicians and counsellors (pp. 153-175). New York, NY: American Psychological Association.

Miller, W. R., & Rose, G. S. (2009). Toward a theory of motivational interviewing. American Psychologist, 64(6), 527-537.

Morrison, J, (2014). The first interview (4th ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Publications.

Sobell, L. C., & Sobell, M. B. (2008). Motivational interviewing strategies and techniques: rationales and examples. Web.

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