The collaboration of specialists from different disciplines is a necessity to improve patient care. A comprehensive view of a few professionals on the problem helps to identify challenges and unique ways of their solving when one specialist is limited by his or her area of competence. Consequently, professional nurses can use such strategies to promote collaboration with other healthcare disciplines and professionals as setting shared goals and encouraging interpersonal communication, motivating, and eliminating domain thinking of the employees.
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The first task of a leader in nursing is to motivate his or her colleagues and subordinates to interact. Dongen et al. note that often, professionals focus only on their field and have a lack of interest in other areas of medicine, which is a manifestation of domain thinking (5). Therefore, a leader needs to motivate nurses to collaborate for the benefit of the patient. For this purpose, a manager can encourage interdisciplinary research by rewards or independently offer interesting topics and research papers from other areas.
Besides, a leader should formulate common goals for specialists in various fields in addition to caring for the patient. Participation in the competition in which the prize is the financing of the hospital can be such a mission. Nurses can also initiate informal meetings at the hospital, as, according to Dongen et al., personal communication increases the chances of professional cooperation (5). Consequently, a friendly interaction of specialists from different fields can push them to work together.
In conclusion, the main tasks of the leader in nursing are the motivation of their employees to collaborate in their area and find common goals with specialists from other disciplines. Nurses themselves will find ways to interact through the solution of joint problems or the need for consultation if they have sufficient motivation. At the same time, the leader can apply strategies aimed at finding like-minded people from different areas of medicine and hospital departments to improve patient care.
Dongen, Jerôme Jean Jacques van, et al. “Interprofessional Collaboration Regarding Patients’ Care Plans in Primary Care: A Focus Group Study into Influential Factors.” BMC Family Practice, vol. 17, no. 58, 2016, pp. 1-10.