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Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Wheat Gluten Term Paper


Abstract

Importation of wheat gluten is a worthwhile business in both the United States and the European Community (EC) members. The importation cost seems to be very high for the EC merchants. Apart from economic instability, they also oppose some polices established by the American government in relation to wheat gluten exportation.

This ideological difference seems to have affected the two communities negatively. They had no option but to find ideal ways of solving their problems through WTO. WTO has numerous policies enacted to govern the operations of the wheat industry and the international marketing provisions.

The importation and safeguarding of wheat gluten is a critical provision in the global market. International marketing is very different from the domestic marketing. Concurrently, some of the biggest problems concerning wheat entrepreneurship are the challenges of the market as shown in the case.

The perfect protection actions on import of wheat gluten from the EC dispute settlement, an internal trade dispute at the World Trade Organization is critical.

Introduction

By the year 1999, both the EC and United States were involved in some sort of consultation. The consultation was mainly based on dispute settlement. The two communities have been having ideological differences when it comes to decision making.

Through the help of WTO, each community established considerable marketing and exportation provisions to enhance their global presence. The EC was greatly affected by the rules and regulations imposed by the United States on wheat importation. Consequently, they tried their very best to abolish the law.

In the year 1999, one of the bodies known as Dispute Settlement Body, arranged for a meeting due to constant complains from the European community. The EC still did not achieve their target and went on making various sidesteps that they believed could help them.

This paper discusses the definitive safeguard measures on imports of wheat gluten from the European Communities dispute settlement, an internal trade dispute at the World Trade Organization.

The background, purpose, and effectiveness of the WTO and how the case exemplifies its function

By the year 2000, the dispute panel ordered the two communities to write a review report based on their opponents requests. This was to be used by the panel committee in coming up with ideal decision helpful to all (Jensen, 2006). The United States brought in new measures to guide and control import of wheat gluten in the market though the WTO provisions.

These were rules generated from one of the bodies that govern the United States International Trade Commission. This body was established to help in solving some of the problems that may arise in the trade industry.

Companies or organizations that were found to be out of the importation rules were subjected to some sort of punishment and this made importation of wheat very difficult.

On 15th January 1998, it was established by the United States Trade Organization that the wheat industry was experiencing difficulties in its expansion quests. This was due to the high rate of wheat importation within the country. This finding was later channeled to the United States president who also re-channeled it to the court.

It was after the court review that clear and detailed information was given to the World Trade Organization. A series of reforms that were passed in the year 1998 and the year 1999 by the United States Dispute Settlement Body reduced the payments by state made to the American Farmers.

According to Pear, Respondents United States, the Association of wheat farmers, and EC presented a suit in the United States District Court for the California Central District, with claims that the reductions in payment were not in agreement with the U.D.S.C that required the farming plans of a state to conform to the federal laws.

Description of the events and the relevance of each to WTO procedures and/ or policies

WTO has numerous policies enacted to govern the operations of the wheat industry and the international marketing provisions. For instance, providers of wheat farming services file suit to enforce the Act 30(A) since the provision gives no enforceable rights, and the congress had no intention to enforce the statute.

WTO has considerable policies and provisions meant to govern its operations. This is a considerable provision in diverse contexts. The Supreme Court is expected to give a ruling on whether UDSC (United States Dispute Settlement Commission) can file a suit under the Supremacy Clause to stop a state policy that decreases the cost of wheat importation.

Eventually, the issue of whether private parties are able to file a suit under the Supremacy Clause for enforcing federal policies has the potential of affecting the ability of the private parties to file a suit to challenge state policy, the federal law’s predictability as well as agricultural product availability to the consumers. This relates to the events and the relevance of each legal provision to WTO procedures and/ or policies.

The UDSC carried out some comprehensive research to develop contingencies to solve the possible problems that existed between them and the EU in terms of wheat importation. In order to solve the issues that exist between them, WTO decided to regulate the cost of wheat importation while decreasing that of local production.

This enhanced wheat growth within the two communities because the country had no option but to encourage wheat farmers to avoid using excess funds on importation. They also introduced farm sprinkler system for area with poor climatic conditions that cannot support wheat growth.

Through WTO, there will be need to maintain the system for the purpose of preventing the development of problems. Moreover, it should be drained on a regular schedule. In the business realms, this relates to the events and the relevance of each legal provision to WTO procedures and/ or policies.

The reason that makes wheat gluten available in the global markets regards the aspects of international WTO marketing policies. They have been made mandatory by the local farming codes and WTO. The wheat marketers might have lower cost as a result of a premium discount.

The need for having a sprinkler system in big wheat farm is apparent. Novel WTO policies can help during market crisis hence making the wheat cultivation and marketing easier to both the American and European farmers. This is a considerable provision in diverse contexts and in the realms of gluten communication and other provisional quests.

Detailed analysis of both sides of the issue

The importation and safeguarding of wheat gluten is a critical provision in the global market. The issues regarding this trend can be discussed in regard to WTO stipulations. Definitive safeguard measures on imports of Wheat Gluten are critical provision in the WTO’s context.

Accordingly, the safeguard issues require a number of items in order to function. In general, the fewer the components, the more consistent the system becomes. This is very important and essential, since the system should be ready any time of the year, yet it might not be required to work for several years after being installed in wheat farms.

In order to modify the market and safeguard the public from wheat gluten (to the anti-gluten factions), the two mentioned issues need to be resolved considerably in order to enact harmony amidst the concerned groups.

Contextually, the market can be greatly affected by the rules and regulations imposed by the United States on wheat importation. They tried their very best to abolish the law. In the year 1999, the Dispute Settlement Body, arranged for a meeting due to constant complains from the European community.

This is a considerable provision in the context of international business. Due to wheat importation problems, there are very many options that the dispute settlement department considered.

Actually, problems in importation can also affect exportation. Being that two communities had resolved back to wheat farming they had to develop their export strategy.

According to WTO, any commodity can be exported, however, success is not always guaranteed. The process of exportation can be complex and challenging. However, when it is advanced with cautious consideration, critical business strategies will emerge.

The following are the fundamental steps that must be followed in order to ensure a successful process: This is a vital provision in the context of international business. The clandestine of victory will carefully consider the export plan (Sutia, 2002).

This is the foundation of course as businesses journey to the far-off markets. This is a crucial provision in the context of international business and marketing provisions (Bygrave, 2003). This is a vital consideration in the business context.

International marketing is very different from the domestic marketing. Anyone who ignores this fact finds it rough. There are always differences in the customs, tastes and needs of consumers. High-quality promotional tactics significantly assist the exporter to comprehend and tackle these impending variations.

According to WTO, this is perhaps the last step that is taken after the management has ensured that all other steps have been established. The union must feel complete to enter the market and access the potential clients.

When the management of a company follows all these steps carefully without skipping on, their entry into an international market will definitely be fruitful.

Over the past few years, there has been a sort of re-evaluation of the whole concept of wheat gluten production entrepreneurship.

Authorities and governments in various places have recognized the necessity and the importance of nurturing Wheat entrepreneurs and safeguard the definitive safeguard measures on imports of wheat gluten from the European Communities dispute settlement, an internal trade dispute at the World Trade Organization.

Many governments, across the world have come to discover the vital role wheat entrepreneurs play in the political, economic and social welfare of citizens or a nation as whole (Sutia, 2002).

In the European community for instance, wheat business enterprises are the main drivers of the economy and that is why European community has come up with policies that target wheat entrepreneurs in a bid to improve the economic performance of their government.

Agricultural activities and minds are vital to building a stable and sustainable economy. This can be explained in so many ways for instance it creates job opportunities, growth and makes the currency stronger. A number of things do contribute to increasing entrepreneurial activities in a country and in the developing of a wheat entrepreneurial economy.

The European community is so determined to promote enterprises particularly those activities which aim at achieving economic goals and those that also aim at increasing the productivity of the European community as an economic block.

Many organizations and marketers of gluten rely on the policies set WTO to govern the global market.

Both experts and practitioners seem to agree that importation, as part of entrepreneurship, is basically an activity which involves the realization, evaluations, and exploitation of economic opportunities in a bid to realize wheat and other services for the people, penetrating new markets through putting together efforts, which were not previously in existence.

Others believe that wheat entrepreneurship basically involves bringing together ideas and converting them to form end products that benefit people (Brinckerhoff, 2004).

Results and an objective evaluation of those results

Some of the biggest problems concerning wheat entrepreneurship are the challenges of the market. For instance, new business startups and competition are critical provisions of the market. When people innovate a new a wheat product for selling to a wider market, they might lack information about other far flung markets.

A good example of this is seen when a film industry by the name Viacom was coming up and attempted to thrive internationally. This was an entertainment company whose target audience includes television, film, radio, digital media, and a wide range of other activities. This industry is ever changing and changes at an extremely rapid pace.

Another barrier that is closely related to this is the fact that wheat entrepreneurship in some fields requires a high amount of capital for establishment. The biggest problem when it comes to matters concerning start up capital can be solved by organisations being able to reinvent themselves and become more of wheat entrepreneurs (Barker, 2005).

This is a considerable provision in the context of its applicability in regard to WTO stipulations. Companies within the wheat industry must innovate to be able to prosper (Porras, 2005). Concurrently, competition brings about ideological differences in wheat importation for the two communities.

Another barrier regards embracing technology and incorporating marketing trends in the industry. Most people’s lifestyles today are driven by technological innovations. If one is interested in coming up with an innovation or any other kind of entrepreneurial idea, they have to make it compatible with current marketing methods.

Most of the wheat innovations lack longevity. This is another serious barrier. Wheat entrepreneurs have very big problem of emerging with concepts that can last longer in the market. Most young entrepreneurs create new innovations. However, they usually lose relevance.

A good technology is that which can endure for long and still be used decades after its invention. In the context of WTO, longevity propels wheat business provisions in the realms of exportation and importation. When it comes to customers’ loyalty, an invention with a considerable longevity provisions will sell more than that which has limited durability.

Indeed, even the much talked about economic growth seen with older agricultural companies depends on the support of content owners who risk losing potential new market share. Most entrepreneurs lack means or strategies of ensuring that their products stay in the market for longer periods of time.

For a wheat company to grow and become international, it has to be different by coming up with technologies and ideas that the market lacks.The European companies are unique in the realms of business and marketing. In the past, wheat had a relatively strong market share in bigger organizations and companies.

For instance, in the 1970’s the very first spreadsheet data program called VisiCalc was launched and came together with the new wheat planting techniques. To remain relevant, wheat companies still relate with other corporations like the fertilizer companies. New wheat products were introduced two years before importation problems arose.

In the recent past, wheat farmers re-focused on the corporate market. In 2009, wheat out growers committee came up with what they called advanced plough. This improvement was essentially aimed at enabling corporate information and technology departments to help in supporting wheat business merchants (Jorani, 2010).

Societal trends try to advance wheat planting methods to relieve farmers from inconsiderable harvests. For any wheat entrepreneur attempting to come up with an innovation, one of the targets he should never miss is the social media because it is from there that most of the youthful and older entrepreneurs are found.

Unfortunately managing to incorporate that in any wheat business is the biggest problem and many entrepreneurs consider it as a significant barrier. Most wheat entrepreneurs can hardly ensure that their message or innovation gets to the intended group (Jostem, 2004).

With new contenders entering the exportation industry, the business needs to expand in its operational quests. Precisely, entrepreneurs should consider the WTO stipulations and marketing provision in the realms of marketing. This is a vital consideration in diverse contexts.

The popularity of social network sites like Facebook and twitter, which claims five hundred million users, gives credence to various site owners such as Google.

YouTube is currently gearing up to create viewer content instead of wheat licensing from traditional providers, which the company plans to make available as channels along with highly sought social-networking features.

This kind of innovation requires a lot of ordination. This is very complex. Some of these social media is what can help the wheat farming sector upgrade its status in the global market (Bricksam, 2007).

Conclusion

The definitive safeguard measures on imports of wheat gluten from the European Communities dispute settlement, an internal trade dispute at the World Trade Organization, formed a critical discussion in this context.

Importation of wheat gluten is a worthwhile business in both the United States and the European Community (EC) members. The importation cost seems to be very high for the EC merchants.

Besides wheat importation, the two communities (the United States and the European Community) have established, ratify, and embrace ideal solutions to importation problems. WTO can also enhance such importation provisions.

The solution in this case should be based on balancing the export and import rate. This will enhance economic stability for the two communities hence creating good relationship. If one is interested in emerging with an innovation or any other kind of entrepreneurial idea, they have to make it attuned with modern marketing methods.

According to WTO, any commodity can be exported, however, success is not always guaranteed. The process of exportation can be complex and challenging.

Notably, the EC is so determined to promote enterprises particularly those activities which aim at achieving economic goals and those that also aim at increasing the productivity of the European community as an economic block.

References

Barker, J. (2005). Paradigms: The Business of Discovering the Future. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers.

Bricksam, H. (2007). A Legal Guide to Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organisation. New Jersey, NJ: Wiley.

Brinckerhoff, P. (2004). Social Entrepreneurship: The Art of Mission-Based Venture Development. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Bygrave, W. (2003). The Portable MBA in Entrepreneurship. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Jensen, B. (2006). Simplicity: The New Competitive Advantage in a World of More. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers.

Jorani, D. (2010). Sullivan International Business: Environment & Operations. New York, NY: Prentice Hall.

Jostem, A. (2004). The Collaboration Challenge: How Nonprofits and Businesses Succeed Through Strategic Alliances. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Porras, J. (2005). Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.

Sutia, K. (2002). Managing the Double Bottom Line: A Business Planning Guide for Social Enterprises. Washington, DC: Harper Collins Publishers.

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IvyPanda. (2019, April 17). Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Wheat Gluten. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/definitive-safeguard-measures-on-imports-of-wheat-gluten/

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"Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Wheat Gluten." IvyPanda, 17 Apr. 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/definitive-safeguard-measures-on-imports-of-wheat-gluten/.

1. IvyPanda. "Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Wheat Gluten." April 17, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/definitive-safeguard-measures-on-imports-of-wheat-gluten/.


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IvyPanda. "Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Wheat Gluten." April 17, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/definitive-safeguard-measures-on-imports-of-wheat-gluten/.

References

IvyPanda. 2019. "Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Wheat Gluten." April 17, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/definitive-safeguard-measures-on-imports-of-wheat-gluten/.

References

IvyPanda. (2019) 'Definitive Safeguard Measures on Imports of Wheat Gluten'. 17 April.

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