The current critical writing presents the literature review of the studies that explore the effect of several variables connected to attitudes, stimulus, and academic accomplishment of the EFL students towards learning English. As students of the thorough English learning course display various stages of schooling, dissimilar devotions of education, and diverse ranks of preceding preparation, the critical paper evaluates the literature, which establishes the consequence of these variables on scholar approach.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on EFL Students Attitudes Towards Learning English specifically for you
301 certified writers online
According to the work of Fazio and Olson, the variable of gender is adjoined as well because the challenging English learning course contains both men and women scholars. In order to gather the essential information, a five-point Likert scope approach survey has been established. The scope approach elaborates thirty-two matters. Conferring to the outcomes of the research, scholars embrace optimistic attitudes towards the concentrated English learning course.
Moreover, the authors imply that there are none of the statistically noteworthy alterations in scholar attitude towards the thorough English language program rendering to the subsequent indicators: “teacher nationality (p-value > 0.05), their level of education (p-value > 0.05), and their sex (p-value > 0.05)” (Fazio & Olson 2003).
There are statistically noteworthy alterations amongst insolences of scholars towards the concentrated English learning course rendering to the subsequent indicators: their scholar accomplishment (p-value less than 0.05), their persistence of schoolwork (p-value less than 0.05), and their preceding preparation platforms (p-value less than 0.05). Several endorsements were recommended in affiliation to EFL scholar attitudes.
The connection between scholar attitudes and their educational accomplishment is well recognized in both academic and psychosomatic investigation. For example, Gardner describes attitudes as an evaluative response to a certain referent or item, contingent on the foundation of the person’s principles or thoughts of the referent.
Concerning the issue of the learners’ towards English learning course, the consequence of evocative examination conducted by Abidin, Pour-Mohammadi and Alzwari reflects that the “overall mean score of English Language Attitude (ELA) among the participants is 2.6167 (SD= 0.59177)” (Abidin, Pour-Mohammadi, & Alzwari, 2012, p. 123). This outcome discloses that the applicants have an undesirable insolence on the way to English course.
Furthermore, the malicious results of the three features of attitudes towards English amongst the defendants contrast. “The mean score of Behavioral Aspect of Attitude (BAA) is 2.5711 (SD= 0.60468), that of the Cognitive Aspect of Attitude (CAA) is 2.6722 (SD=0.63402). Yet, the mean score of responses regarding the Emotional Aspect of Attitude (EAA) is 2.6067 (SD=0.63262)” (Abidin, Pour-Mohammadi, & Alzwari, 2012, p. 123).
Correspondingly, Al-Zahrani (2008) described that most of the contributors in his reading presented an adverse attitude; moreover, it was suggested that the motive of such an adverse reaction could have been a response to the instructional and outdated methods applied by several of the educators in the course of the learned language. This fact is overlying with the present rank of educators in the course of the learned language policies in the Libyan instructive structure (Eagly & Chaiken 1993).
The interactive feature of attitude toward learning English signifies the lowermost mean stage, which is 2.5711. Moreover, the applicants have adverse interactive attitude and sense no relaxations every time they have to communicate in English lesson.
The element of learning the language assists the participants to gain decent relations with associates gained the second stage, which is M= 2.89 and SD= 1.153, whereas the lowermost mean score is (2.22) and establishes that the accomplices fail to pay any responsiveness when the educator is leading the message with typical aberration of 1.231. Moreover, Hashwani’s (2008) learning discovered that most of the applicants were disorganized and anxious when they were needed to communicate in English in the lead of other pupils.
In addition, the outcomes of the existing schoolwork revealed that some of the scholars approved of failing to give any responsiveness when the educator is leading the message. Therefore, they depict adverse performances in the English lessons.
This fact could be explained by the acceptance among the EFL students that erudition in the foreign language is not required and significant as other outcomes of this research displayed that most of the scholars never request their helpers or educators for the schoolwork and the material that has been educated when they miss the lesson of the foreign language (M= 2.27), and they postpone the schoolwork for this course as much as possible (M= 2.71) (Abidin, Pour-Mohammadi, & Alzwari, 2012).
Attitudes appear in various assets, and similar to most effects that are obtained or prejudiced by the means of the practice, it could be evaluated, and therefore, it could be altered. Bearing in mind these three constituents, Hogg &Vaughan (2005) state that “an attitude is a relatively enduring organization of beliefs, feelings, and behavioral tendencies towards socially significant objects, groups, events or symbols” (p. 150).
In order to clarify the various constituents, attitudes are demarcated as continuing arrangements of principles, which could be inspected on three dissimilar stages: cognitive (the way a person contemplates or anticipates from end to end of an attitude), emotional (the way a person senses towards an attitude), and behavioral (the way a person performs towards an attitude). Therefore, attitude possesses an emotional purview along with the interactive and reasoning areas.
Get your first paper with 15% OFF
While emphasizing the prominence of the emotional purview, Brown (2001) pointed out that attitude is categorized by a huge percentage of sensitive contribution, for instance, emotional state, personality, and affairs of the society. Furthermore, McLeod (2014) delivers more examples for attitude’s constituents. He states that attitudes construction could be defined in standings of three constituents: “affective component: this involves a person’s feelings, emotions about the attitude object; behavioral component: the way the attitude we have influences how we act or we behave; cognitive component: this involves a person’s belief/ knowledge about an attitude object” (McLeod 2014, para. 2). This approach is identified as ABC standard of attitude. Moreover, he included that people usually presume the performance of an individual to be dependable with the attitudes that they embrace.
More lately, Soleimani & Hanafi (2013) inspected an example of Iranian medical students’ attitudes towards English language scholarship while taking three features of attitude (interactive, cerebral, and demonstrative characteristics) into concern. Moreover, the impact of apprentice demographics on their defiance was explored.
A modified survey was implemented by way of an assessing device. The contestants (almost forty medical students were engaged in the survey) were obligated to response to every of the thirty matters in the survey regarding attitudes towards English language learning in relations to interactive, cerebral, and demonstrative characteristics of attitude. The matters were conducted in a five-point Likert measure.
The outcomes depicted that the general points of English learning attitude amongst the applicants were almost sixty-six out of a hundred. The autonomous examples test was conducted in order to discover the alterations in the applicants’ attitude toward English language course by sexual category. The outcomes displayed that the attitude of men among scholars was more developed than among women.
The outcomes of that research inferred that the medical scholars in the given university embrace extremely general affirmative attitude concerning English language course. It is suggested that educators ought to be receptive to apprentices’ attitudes and assess them and their prejudices, as it could distress their accomplishments in foreign language education.
Abidin, Pour-Mohammadi, & Alzwari (2012) examined Libyan secondary school students’ attitudes toward learning English in relations to the interactive, cerebral, and demonstrative characteristics of attitude. Moreover, the study discovered whether there is some important alteration in the scholar attitudes toward the learning of the foreign language founded on their demographic summaries, such as sexual category, area, and period of studying.
An overall of one hundred and eighty contributors to the research that was conducted for three years from three various occupations seized a survey as a computing tool.
On the subject of the three features of attitude, namely interactive, cerebral, and demonstrative, the applicants presented mostly disapproving attitudes toward studying a foreign language. From the demographic point of view, there were statistically noteworthy attitudinal alterations concerning sexual category, an area of studying but not the period of studying. Founded on the examination results, some commendations are lastly offered.
Saracaloğlu (2004) explored the connection in scholar attitudes towards the vernacular and its attainment. The applicants are the undergraduates of the colleges in Afşin and Elbistan.
The intention of the choice of authors regarding the last-year college undergraduates was to classify their attitudes toward the English studying on the dawn of their occupation with the help of the university. ‘Language Attitude Scale’, which is a Likert sort measure of five points, was directed to every student in order to conclude whether there was any connection concerning their attitude and achievement.
The attitude measure was advanced by the author himself. This research designates that there was a noteworthy connection amid scholar educational success and student attitude toward studying English, but no relation between sexual category and achievement in statistics. With regard to this research, it is conceivable to conclude that women among students have a tendency to possess more affirmative attitudes than men.
Abidin, M, Pour-Mohammadi, M & Alzwari, H 2012, ‘EFL students’ attitudes towards learning English language: The case of Libyan secondary school students’, Asian Social Science Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 12-27.
Al-Zahrani, M 2008, ‘Saudi secondary school male students’ attitudes towards English: An exploratory study’, Language and translation, vol. 1, no. 20, pp. 25-39.
Brown, D 2001, Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy, San Francisco Public University: San Francisco.
Eagly, A & Chaiken, S 1993, The psychology of attitudes, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich: Orlando.
Fazio, R & Olson, M 2003, Attitudes: foundations, functions, and consequences, SAGE Publications: London.
Hashwani, M 2008, ‘Students’ attitudes, motivation and anxiety towards English language learning’, Journal of Research and Reflections in Education, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 12-27.
Hogg, M & Vaughan, G 2005, Social psychology, Prentice-Hall: London.
McLeod, S 2014, Attitudes and behavior. Web.
Saracaloğlu, S 2004, The relationship between students’ attitudes toward foreign language and foreign language achievement. Web.
Soleimani, H & Hanafi, S 2013, ‘Iranian medical students’ attitudes towards English language learning’, International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 3816-3823.