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Enhancing Global Governance: Towards a New Diplomacy? Essay (Article Review)

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Updated: Jun 8th, 2022


The thesis of the authors is that the requirements of international governance necessitate the enhancement of innovative diplomacy. This illustrates the rising intricacy of the numerous concerns affecting the international community and the flow of influence amid its essential players, which are non-governmental, as well as governmental (Cooper, English, & Thakur, 2002).

Main Arguments

People and nations across the globe encounter inhumanities of inconceivable degrees. Moreover, there are rising conflicts between nations because of international multilateral design. Relationships involving dissimilar players are vital to deal with the rising new imperialism and mercantilism planned by the wealthy and strong countries that aspire to control international deals (Cooper, English, & Thakur, 2002). For a serene existence that enhances global democracy, the center of power, as well as the effect, requires changing. Nations require reinforcing local abilities to allow individuals at the grassroots to deal with challenges arising from globalization; globalization does not have to eradicate localization. Safeguarding global tranquility and human progress to attain a better existence in a secure world ought to be supported to a greater global strategy making level to include non-governmental and governmental players as they operate in conjunction with national governments to build up and execute different plans. For instance, the World Bank and IMF should work jointly with governments in the middle and low-income nations to eradicate poverty through supporting development initiatives. Through the provision of loans, recommendations, and training to the public and nonpublic sectors, the IMF and World Bank could eradicate poverty by strengthening the people (Khanna, 2012). In this regard, other non-governmental organizations (NGOs) could as well chip in to offer support.

Unfeigned multilateralism as well as trade that enhance fairness and support ought to overcome the overriding unilateralism, in addition to protectionism, with the purpose of reducing the increasing states of international anxiety and ambiguity and the World Trade Organization (WTO) is in a good position to support such endeavors (Rasche & Gilbert, 2012). WTO works to strengthen international trade and governance to ensure healthy transactions and provision of an environment for negotiations and resolution of conflicts. The authors of the article also focus on the United Nations (UN) and the emerging new international relations within it (Cooper et al., 2002). On this note, they concentrate on human security concerns that encompass security, development, peace, and authority (Cooper et al., 2002). The supported argument is the change of diplomacy from war to development that is rising in international establishments. Innovative management on concerns of international governance is achievable. Supporting innovative diplomatic plans that are geared towards supplementing the structure working at the UN (the society of the wealthy and mighty that has become unrepresentative of the inhabitants across the globe) will greatly enhance international relations.

The approaches of naming and shaming of criminals act as an excellent manner of blunting illegal endeavors of the wealthy and mighty nations. The International Criminal Court (ICC) plays a key role in ensuring that abusive and illegal actions by member states across the globe are curtailed (Cooper et al., 2002). With the waxing of the strength of the Cold War and, ultimately, waning, the pressure on the International Criminal Court to guide the path in protecting the concerns and the rights of global business has gradually augmented. The ICC has had, consequently, to encounter a progressively bright-line involving the affirmation of the private welfare and the gratification of the welfare of a progressively informed and mistrustful public. In this regard, the encouragement of government support and public view more broadly has gradually been pushed to the vanguard of ICC actions. The interests of the people ought to be put first, and innovation should be applied through enhanced technology and free enterprise to uphold calm and tranquillity across the globe. Nevertheless, the UN policy of handling pressing international issues is not without faults, and different countries across the globe, coupled with NGOs, are joining forces to facilitate international governance.


The authors of the article sought to encourage non-traditional diplomatic plans, encompassing agreement on regulations with the aim of attaining ethical conduct. Such plans encompass regulations to curb criminal activities through the ICC, and the International Chambers of Commerce, stressing on the concerns of self-determination and standard formation by countries in the Global Compact to offer ethical influence. There ought to be a change of the center of influence at global platforms from a powerful is the right condition to a situation where most of the individuals across the globe are defended by the governments. The function of the non-state actors (NSA) teaming up with governments in facilitating the global serenity and enhancing human improvement requires being broadened from the perspective of the UN (Cooper et al., 2002). Democracy ought to be strengthened at the local stage devoid of the respect for the major powers and their desire to arrive at decisions for other nations as to the ones that ought to rule, even when the governments in power are dictatorial.

Interconnection of the difficulties emanating from globalization and expertise requires the cooperation of actors not limited to countries alone. Negative pressures of globalization that encompass warfare and terrorism to mention a few should be handled with exceptional devices outside traditional big-power maneuvering in order to re-establish trust and optimism in humans and the UN. Human safety requirements ought to take preference over state safety requirements as established by delusional or self-willed blind presidents. Great efforts require being taken by individuals across the globe to make sure that the UN is reinforced to take up its mission of safeguarding global peace and enhancing human advancement in a state of deteriorating national frontiers. It is in line with this backdrop that people have to mull over the requirements of, and allusions regarding, the Global Compact involving trade and the UN. The UN alongside the ICC (as agents of trade) encounters difficulties in the authority differently demonstrated at the local, countrywide, and global states: the UN for sustained significance in the rising world command and the International Criminal Court for vindication of the position and function of trade in an international market that seems ever more unjust. In both areas, the Global Compact is the best resolution to the collective difficulties (Cooper et al., 2002).


The authors have articulated different arguments indicative of the progressively intricate nature of the impression and the way of discretion in the modern setting, and one, additionally, that moves past the argument on the deterioration of international relations as traditionally comprehended. Therefore, it is easy to point the operational modifications in the functions of governments and NGOs that demonstrate increasing divergences and collaborations (Cooper et al., 2002). Propelled by its own preferences, infirmities, and quandaries, the International Chamber of Commerce wants to involve itself in making strategies in different sectors facing challenges, for instance, broadening and enhancing the extent of business endeavors into unexploited markets. The position of the United Nations system, as well as the Global Compact, is evident: to offer the ethical influence required in resolving every challenge, for instance, social disapproval and warfare, to mention a few.


Cooper, A., English, J., & Thakur, R. (Eds.). (2002). Enhancing global governance: Towards a new diplomacy? Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Khanna, P. (2012). How multi‐stakeholder is global policy? Global policy, 3(3), 384-390.

Rasche, A., & Gilbert, D. U. (2012). Institutionalizing global governance: The role of the United Nations Global Compact. Business ethics: A European review, 21(1), 100-114.

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